history 15.4-16.2

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history 15.4-16.2
2012-04-02 16:43:53

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  1. captial of Belize.
  2. only Central American country in which Spanish is not the main language. English is the major language.
  3. means "rich coast"
    Costa Rica
  4. ______ ______ has developed its mining and manufacturing industries, making it richer than most of the rest of Central America.
    Costa Rica
  5. The capital and largest city of Costa Rica
    San Jose
  6. Smallest country in the Western Hemisphere that is not an island
    El Salvador
  7. The most densely populated country on the mainland
    El Salvador
  8. the most industrialized nation in Central America
    San Salvador
  9. has the largest population of any Central American country
  10. Guatemala's capital and also Central America's largest city.
    Guatemala City
  11. Capital and largest city of Honduras.
  12. ancient Mayan city
  13. is the capital of Central America's largest country
  14. Central America's largest country
  15. largest lake in the region
    Lake Nicaragua
  16. The country of Panama is known as the "________ of the _______" because the ______ Canal, which connects the ______ and _______ Oceans, is located there.
    Crossroads, World, Panama, Atlantic, Pacific
  17. Connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
    Panama Canal
  18. The largest city in Panama and the Panama's capital.
    Panama City
  19. On August 3, 1492, the Italian navigator ______ _____ set sail from Spain with a fleet of 3 tiny ships.
    Christopher Columbus
  20. On October ____, ______, land was sighted by Columbus.
    12, 1492
  21. Columbus and his men launched on an island that Columbus named _____ ______. Christopher Columbus had discovered ______!
    San Salvador, America
  22. islands named this to avoid furthur confusion from columbus.
    West Indies
  23. Columbus asked the Indians where the gold ornaments they wore had come from. One of the places the Indians mentioned was Cuba.
  24. Columbus and his men sailed along the coast of Cuba, ________, and several other islands, observing the customs of the Indians and continuing their search for gold.
  25. When the Santa Maria sank off the coast of present-day _____ (on Hispaniola), a friendly Indian chief helped save the cargo.
  26. Spanish king and queen who paid for Columbus's trip.
    Ferdinand and Isabella
  27. first European city in the Americas
  28. Columbus's men suffered from the intense heat until a wind finally arose and carried them to _______ ______, where they discovered the mouth of the Orinoco River.
    South America
  29. On Columbus's fourth voyage 1n 1502, he reached the coast of Honduras and discovered the ________ of _______.
    Isthmus of Panama
  30. one of the greatest seamen the world has ever known
  31. After Columbus claimed the West Indies for Spain, _________ _______ were established in the islands
    Spanish colonies
  32. Most of the Indians died because of overwork and diseases the Spanish carried, and _____ ____ from Africa were imported to take their place.
    black slaves
  33. The _____ ____ played an important role in colonial days because of the sugar and tobacco plantations owned by the Europen colonists there.
    West Indies
  34. Puero Rico and the western Virgin islands are still part of the United States, but _____ came under a Communist dictatorship. The people of ____ ___ and the U.S. _____ Islands are U.S. citizens.
    Cuba, Puerto Rico, Virgin
  35. one of teh Virgin Islands and is the easternmost point of the U.S.
    St. Croix
  36. With the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914, the ________ _____ became the busiest shipping route in the Western Hemisphere. Nearly half of the United States trade today pasess through the _____ Canal or the Gulf of ______.
    Carribean Sea, Panama, Mexico
  37. the part of the West Indies that include: Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico.
    Greater Antilles
  38. Lie northwest of the Greater Antilles.
  39. the part of the West Indies that include the Virgin Islands, the Leeward Islands, the Windward Islands, Barbados, Trinidad, Tobago, and the Netherelands Antilles.
    Lesser Antilles
  40. A fourth group of islands that is not actually a part of the West Indies; but it is often included with the West Indies and is a self-governing British dependency
  41. An active volcanoe in the Caribbean
    Mount Pelee
  42. these usually form in shallow tropical waters, are colorful formations created by millions of tiny animals called ______
    Coral reefs, polyps.
  43. 2 tropical fish that live in freshwater streams, lakes, and rivers along the tropical coasts.
    guppies and angelfish
  44. called lambi by the West Indies can be over a foot long
    queen conch
  45. has the largest shell found in American waters-this snail produces shells that can be over two feet long.
    horse conch
  46. One type of _____ shell resembles a large, white helmet. It is often exported and used for cameos.
  47. stand around lagoons and estuaries.
  48. the high islands-Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico- are topped by ______ ______ forests.
    tropical rain
  49. have some of the strongest winds on earth
  50. hurricane season is from _____ to the end of ______.
    June, November
  51. the main product of the West Indies.