Card Set Information
The Human Body
Smooth muscle cells that guard the entrance to capillaries
Carries blood to heart
Carry blood into the venules
Carry blood away from the heart
SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
Outermost layer of arteries and veins
A type of arteriosclerosis caused by lipids
Decreased blood supply to a tissue
Abnormally widening of arterial wall
Necrosis that has progressed to decay
Varicose veins in the rectum
Cerebral vascular accident (CVA)
Hardening of the arteries
The aorta carries blood out of what?
The superior vena cava returns blood to?
The ________ function as exchange vessels.
Blood returns from the lungs during pulmonary circulatino via the:
Removing excess glucose & storing it in the liver as glycogen
Assisting the body to maintain proper blood glucose balance
All the above are how what serves the body?
IS HOW THE HEPATIC PORTAL CIRCULATION SERVES THE BODY
The structure used to bypass the liver in the fetal circulation is the:
The foramen ovale serves the fetal circulation by:
SHUNTING BLOOD FROM THE RIGHT ATRIUM DIRECTLY IN THE LEFT ATRIUM
The structure used to connect the aorta and pulmonary artery in the fetal circulation is the:
What are the following?
Femoral, Coronary, Popliteal
ALL ARE ARTERIES
Blood pressure is highest in the?
Blood press is lowest in the?
The difference between two blood pressures is referred to as?
A stroke is often the result of low or high blood pressure?
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
Massive hemorrhage increases or decreases blood pressure?
IS THE VOLUME OF BLOOD IN THE VESSELS
What affects cardiac output and blood pressure?
BOTH THE STRENGTH AND THE RATE OF HEARTBEAT
What helps determine how much blood drains out of arteries into arterioles?
THE DIAMETER OF THE ARTERIOLES
What does a stronger heartbeat tend to do to blood pressure?
A weaker heartbeat tends to do what to the blood pressure?
What is it when Systolic pressure is being exerted against the vessels?
What happens if blood pressure becomes less viscous than normal?
BLOOD PRESSURE DECREASES
What device is used to measure blood pressures?
What is venous blood pressure within the the right atrium called?
CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE
The pulse is a/an ________ expanding and then recoiling?
What artery is located in the wrist?
What is located in the neck along the front edge of the sternocleidomastoid muscle?
THE COMMON CAROTID ARTERY
What artery is located at the bend of the elbow that is used for locating the pulse?
Complications of septicemia may result in?
What results from any type of heart failure?
What is an acute type of allergic reaction called?
What is caused by a severe allergic reaction characterized by blood vessel dilation?
Caused by nerve condition that relaxes (dilates) blood vessels and thus reduces blood flow?
What does "Hypovolemia" mean?
LOW BLOOD VOLUME
What is the medical term for high blood pressure?
What is septic shock caused by?
COMPLICATIONS OF TOXINS IN THE BLOOD
What is a drop in blood volume?
Which vessels collect blood from the capillaries and return it to the heart?
What is the innermost coat of an artery that comes into direct contact with blood called?
Varicose veins in the rectum?
The ductus venosus allows most blood from the placenta to bypass the fetal liver?
IN THE FETAL CIRCULATION
What is "Arteriosclerosis" a disorder of?
A common type of vascular disease that occludes arteries by lipids and other matter is?
DECREASED BLOOD SUPPLY
Great saphenous vein