CHAPTER 14

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Susan
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14529
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CHAPTER 14
Updated:
2010-04-14 20:56:06
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The Human Body
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Anatomy II
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  1. Smooth muscle cells that guard the entrance to capillaries
    Precapillary sphincters
  2. Carries blood to heart
    VEINS
  3. Carry blood into the venules
    CAPILLARIES
  4. Carry blood away from the heart
    ARTERIES
  5. Largest Vein
    SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
  6. Largest Artery
    AORTA
  7. Outermost layer of arteries and veins
    TUNICA EXTERNA
  8. A type of arteriosclerosis caused by lipids
    ATHEROSCLEROSIS
  9. Decreased blood supply to a tissue
    ISCHEMIA
  10. Abnormally widening of arterial wall
    ANEURYSM
  11. Tissue Death
    NECROSIS
  12. Necrosis that has progressed to decay
    GANGRENE
  13. Varicose veins in the rectum
    HEMORRHOIDS
  14. Vein inflammation
    PHLEBITIS
  15. Cerebral vascular accident (CVA)
    STROKE
  16. Hardening of the arteries
    ARTERIOSCLEROSIS
  17. Clot formation
    THROMBUS
  18. The aorta carries blood out of what?
    LEFT VENTRICLE
  19. The superior vena cava returns blood to?
    RIGHT ATRIUM
  20. The ________ function as exchange vessels.
    CAPILLARIES
  21. Blood returns from the lungs during pulmonary circulatino via the:
    PULMONARY VEINS
  22. Removing excess glucose & storing it in the liver as glycogen
    Detoxifying blood
    Assisting the body to maintain proper blood glucose balance
    All the above are how what serves the body?
    IS HOW THE HEPATIC PORTAL CIRCULATION SERVES THE BODY
  23. The structure used to bypass the liver in the fetal circulation is the:
    DUCTUS VENOSUS
  24. The foramen ovale serves the fetal circulation by:
    SHUNTING BLOOD FROM THE RIGHT ATRIUM DIRECTLY IN THE LEFT ATRIUM
  25. The structure used to connect the aorta and pulmonary artery in the fetal circulation is the:
    DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS
  26. What are the following?
    Femoral, Coronary, Popliteal
    ALL ARE ARTERIES
  27. Blood pressure is highest in the?
    ARTERIES
  28. Blood press is lowest in the?
    VEINS
  29. The difference between two blood pressures is referred to as?
    GRADIENT
  30. A stroke is often the result of low or high blood pressure?
    HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
  31. Massive hemorrhage increases or decreases blood pressure?
    DECREASE
  32. Blood pressure?
    IS THE VOLUME OF BLOOD IN THE VESSELS
  33. What affects cardiac output and blood pressure?
    BOTH THE STRENGTH AND THE RATE OF HEARTBEAT
  34. What helps determine how much blood drains out of arteries into arterioles?
    THE DIAMETER OF THE ARTERIOLES
  35. What does a stronger heartbeat tend to do to blood pressure?
    INCREASE IT
  36. A weaker heartbeat tends to do what to the blood pressure?
    DECREASE IT
  37. What is it when Systolic pressure is being exerted against the vessels?
    CONTRACTING
  38. What happens if blood pressure becomes less viscous than normal?
    BLOOD PRESSURE DECREASES
  39. What device is used to measure blood pressures?
    SPHYGMOMANOMETER
  40. What is venous blood pressure within the the right atrium called?
    CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE
  41. The pulse is a/an ________ expanding and then recoiling?
    ARTERY
  42. What artery is located in the wrist?
    RADIAL ARTERY
  43. What is located in the neck along the front edge of the sternocleidomastoid muscle?
    THE COMMON CAROTID ARTERY
  44. What artery is located at the bend of the elbow that is used for locating the pulse?
    BRACHIAL ARTERY
  45. Complications of septicemia may result in?
    SEPTIC SHOCK
  46. What results from any type of heart failure?
    CARDIOGENIC SHOCK
  47. What is an acute type of allergic reaction called?
    ANAPHYLAXIS
  48. What is caused by a severe allergic reaction characterized by blood vessel dilation?
    ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK
  49. Caused by nerve condition that relaxes (dilates) blood vessels and thus reduces blood flow?
    NEUROGENIC SHOCK
  50. What does "Hypovolemia" mean?
    LOW BLOOD VOLUME
  51. What is the medical term for high blood pressure?
    HYPERTENSION
  52. What is septic shock caused by?
    COMPLICATIONS OF TOXINS IN THE BLOOD
  53. What is a drop in blood volume?
    HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK
  54. Which vessels collect blood from the capillaries and return it to the heart?
    VEINS
  55. What is the innermost coat of an artery that comes into direct contact with blood called?
    TUNICA INTIMA
  56. Varicose veins in the rectum?
    HEMORRHOIDS
  57. The ductus venosus allows most blood from the placenta to bypass the fetal liver?
    IN THE FETAL CIRCULATION
  58. What is "Arteriosclerosis" a disorder of?
    ARTERIES
  59. A common type of vascular disease that occludes arteries by lipids and other matter is?
    ATHEROSCLEROSIS
  60. Ischemia
    DECREASED BLOOD SUPPLY
  61. Phlebitis
    VEIN INFLAMMATION
  62. Foramen ovale
    FETAL CIRCULATION
  63. Aneurysm
    WEAKENED ARTERY
  64. Vena cava
    LARGEST VEIN
  65. Angioplasty
    ARTERIAL PROCEDURE
  66. Aorta
    LARGEST ARTERY
  67. Pulmonary
    LUNG CIRCULATION
  68. Great saphenous vein
    LEG VEIN
  69. Cardiogenic Shock
    MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

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