Patient Positioning

Card Set Information

Author:
melmoon
ID:
145306
Filename:
Patient Positioning
Updated:
2012-04-02 18:13:23
Tags:
Patient Positioning
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Description:
Preoperative Patient Care-Patient Positioning
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  1. When using an armboard on the OR table, the most important measure is to:
    Avoid hyperextension of the arm
  2. Which of the following procedures would be performed with the patient in the lateral position?
    Nephrectomy
  3. The surgical position frequently used for patients undergoing kidney surgery is:
    Lateral
  4. When performing the patient skin prep, the skin should be scrubbed & painted from the:
    Incision site to periphery using circular motion
  5. The position most commonly used for mitral valve replacement is:
    Supine
  6. The position most commonly used for tonsillectomy performed under local anesthesia is:
    Fowler's
  7. What position is commonly used for neurosurgical & some otorhinologic procedures?
    Fowler's
  8. An anesthetized patient is moved slowly to prevent:
    Cardiovascular complications
  9. When performing an abdominal prep the unbilicus is:
    Prepped last or separately
  10. In the lateral chest position, a sandbag or padding is placed under the chest at axillary level to:
    Prevent pressure on lower arm
  11. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent:
    Respiraory complications
  12. Ulnar nerve damage could result from:
    Use of unpadded armboard
  13. Stirrups that are not padded or imporperly placed on the OR table can cause pressure on the:
    Peroneal nerve
  14. If the patient is in the supine position, the circulating surgical technologist must always:
    Confirm the ankles & legs are not crossed
  15. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT:
    The arms are tucked at the sides of the patient
  16. When moving a patient from the lithotomy position:
    Lower legs together
  17. Which of the following is not a requirement when a patient is placed in the prone position?
    Safety belt is placed below the knees
  18. The femoral nerve can be damaged if:
    Retractors are improperly placed during pelvic surgery
  19. To avoid foot drop:
    Pad heels to prevent pressure from OR table
  20. The best surgical position visualization of the lower abdomen or pelvis is:
    Trendelenburg
  21. The surgical position commonly used for thyroid & gallbladder surgery is:
    Reverse Trendelenburg
  22. Crossing the patient's arms across his/her chest in the supine position may cause:
    Interference with respirations
  23. In the prone position, which nerve could be compressed against the humerus?
    Radial
  24. When positioning an anesthetized patient, supporting the head & neck is the responsibility of the:
    Anesthesia provider
  25. When moving a patient with an unsplinted fracture, protecting the fracture is the responsibility of the:
    Surgeon
  26. Which procedure is best performed with the patient in the Trendelenburg position?
    Hysterectomy
  27. A reverse Trendelenburg position requires the added table attachment of a/an:
    Footboard
  28. A small pad placed under a patient's head in the supine position allows which muscles to relax?
    Strap
  29. What position allows the best approach to the retroperitoneal area of the flank?
    Lateral kidney
  30. Which of the following positions is used for a cesarean section?
    Supine with bolster under right side
  31. What device is used when placing a patient in the operative position for a thyroidectomy?
    Shoulder rolls
  32. What nerve could be damaged when the patient is placed in Fowler's position?
    Sciatic

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