The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words: "What would the world be, once bereft/Of wet and wildness?" (Gerard Manley Hopkins "Inversnaid"
A figure of speech in which words and phrases with opposite meanings are balanced against each other. "To err is human, to forgive, divine." (Alexander Pope)
Words that are spoken to a person who is absent or imaginary, or to an object or abstract idea. "O World, I cannot hold thee close enough!/Thy winds, they wide grey skies! Thy mists that roll and rise!" ("God's World" by Edna St. Vincent Millay)
The repetition or a pattern of similar sounds, especially vowel sounds: "Thy still unravished bride of quietness/ Thy foster child of silence and slow time" ("Ode to a Grecian Urn" by John Keats)
poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. Shakespeare wrote most of his play in this.
A Latin expression that means "seize the day." urges the reader to live for today and enjoy the pleasures of the moment. "Gather ye rosebuds while ye may…" (Robert Herrick)
the principles or ideals of beauty that are characteristics of Greek and Roman art, architecture, and literature. Formality, simplicity and emotional restraint (John Dryden, Alexander Pope)
a fanciful poetic image of metaphor that likens one thing to something else that is seemingly very different. "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" (Shakespeare); "There is no frigate like a book" (Emily Dickinson).
The repetition of similar consonant sounds especially at the ends of words as in lost and past or confess and dismiss
in a poem, a pair of lines that are the same length and usually rhyme and forma complete thought. Shakespearean sonnets end in one.