Psych Test 3; Chapter 11

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  1. Stages of Development
    • -germinal
    • -embryonic
    • -fetal
  2. Germinal Stage
    • Conception- 2 weeks
    • called a zygote
  3. Embryonic Stage
    • 2nd to 8th week
    • Called an embryo
  4. Fetal Stage
    • 9th week to birth
    • Myelination (the formation of fatty sheath around the axons of a neuron) occurs.
    • Called a fetus.
  5. Cephalocaudal rule
    tendency for motor skills to emerge in sequence from the head to the feet
  6. Proximodistal rule
    describes the tendancy for motor skills to emergy in sequence from the center to the periphery.
  7. Infancy
    the stage of development that begins at birth and lasts between 18 and 24 months
  8. Teratogens
    • cause birth defects
    • tobacco:
    • Fetal alcohol syndrome: distinct facial features
  9. Infants can mimic facial expressions...
    a few hours after birth.
  10. Which sort of stimuli do infants react to?
    Social, although they do react to visual stimuli
  11. Joint Attention
    the ability to focus on what another person is focused on.
  12. Social Referencing
    the ability to use another person's reactions as information about the world.
  13. Who did the monkey studies?
  14. Which mother did the monkeys prefer?
    The comforting cloth mother.
  15. Studied imprinting
  16. Piaget's Stages (order)
    • Sensorimotor
    • Preoperational
    • Concrete Operational
    • Formal Operational
  17. Schemas
    theories about or models of the way the world works.
  18. Sensorimotor
    • Birth- 2 yrs
    • Object permancnce: the idea that objects continue to exist even when they are not visible.
  19. Preoperational
    • 2-6 yrs
    • Egocentrism and false belief test
  20. False belief test
    • child believes others know what they know (puppet test)
    • passes at some point in preoperational stage
  21. Concrete Operational
    • 6-11 years
    • Conservation: quantitative properties of an object are invariant despite changes in the appearance.
  22. Formal Operational
    • 11 and older
    • Abstract concepts
  23. Who determined stages of moral development?
  24. Preconventional Stage
    A moral stage in which the consequence dictates the morality of an action.
  25. Conventional Stage
    A moral stage social rules determine morality.
  26. Postconventional Stage
    A moral stage in which core values and principles determine morality.
  27. Attachment
    the emotional bond that forms between newborns and their primary caregiver.
  28. How is attachment style determined?
    Mary Ainsworth's strange situation
  29. Most common type of attachment
    • Secure
    • 60% of infants
    • distressed when carefiver leaves
    • comforted by caregiver's return
    • parents respond quickly and well to infant's discomfort
  30. Second most common type of attachment
    • Avoidant
    • 20%
    • not distressed when parents leave
    • don't care when they come back
    • parents are indifferent to child's needs
  31. Third most common type of attachment
    • Ambivalent
    • 15%
    • distressed when parents leave
    • mad when they come back
    • Inconsistent caregiving
  32. Least common type of attachment
    • Disorganized
    • 5%
    • no consistent pattern
  33. Day care does _________ quality of attachment
    nothing to affect
  34. Adolescence
    • Def: the period of development that begins with the onset of sexual maturing (11-14 yrs of age)
    • increased importance of peer relationships
    • development in sexuality
  35. Girl's growth spurt
    growth spurt around 10 years old, reach full height around 15.5 years old.
  36. Boy's growth spurt.
    growth spurt around 12 years old, reach full height around 17.5 years old.
  37. Teen pregnancy
    very high rate in the US due to lack of sex ed
  38. What percentage of women have had sex by 18?
  39. Marital satisfaction
    varies over time
  40. Happiness increases/decreases with age?
    Increases with age
  41. When are the two dips in marital satisfaction?
    • baby in diapers
    • child hits pueberty
  42. Socio-emotional selectivity theory
    younger adults are oriented toward potentially useful information while older adults focus on positive information.
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Psych Test 3; Chapter 11
2012-04-03 02:21:48
psychology Freud

okstate psych 1113
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