Bio 104

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Bio 104
2012-04-03 00:13:58
Bio 104

Biology lab test 3
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  1. Fungi are multicellular eukaryotes, which means they posses a __________.
    true nucleus
  2. What does saprotropic mean?
    Eats dead things.
  3. What are detritovores?
  4. What do saprotropic detritovores do?
    Eat dead organic matter?
  5. What brought fungi onto land?
  6. Plants animals and fungi descended from ______.
  7. What makes up the cell wall of a plant?
  8. What is the extra energy of fungi stored as?
  9. The main body of fungi does not move, however it will grow ___________________.
    towards the direction of the food
  10. Fungi are single cellular _______ organisms.
  11. Dikaryotic means.
    Two nuclei per cell.
  12. How does sexual reproduction for mold work?
    Stolon mates to produce a gametangia, that creats a zygote, the grows until it produces a zygospores and sporangium. The sporangium produces a spore which cracks open and germinates other spores.
  13. How does asexual production for mold work?
    Mycolium produce rhizoids which grow into bread for digestion.
  14. Fungi are now grouped by _____________.
  15. Chytrids are simple mostly __________.
    aquatic fungi
  16. A unique feature of chytrids is ___________________.
    the presence of flagella
  17. The type of fungi that grow on bread and decaying fruit are _________________.
    zygospore fungi
  18. Rhizoids begin the _______ process in the zygomycota phylum.
  19. A common name for phylum Glomeromycota is _________________.
    arbuscular mychorrhizal
  20. Phylum Ascomycota are called __________ becuase of their reproductive structure.
    Sac fungi
  21. The ascocarp in phylum Ascomycota is the _____________.
    frutiing body
  22. Cup fungi, morels, ergot and truffles are all in phylum ____________.
  23. Brewers/bakers yeast, penicillin, soy sauce, cyclosporin and roquefort cheese are all in the ___________ group.
    sac fungi
  24. Athletes foot, ringworm, ergotism, vomiting, pain and hallucination are all drawbacks of ________________.
    sac fungi
  25. How do plants transfer water and sugar?
    Vascular tubes
  26. Doctrine of signatures was a theory in which:
    if a plant looks like a body part, it can be used to treat that body part.
  27. The leafy/lobed part of a plant, called a thallus is the ______.
  28. In Lycophytes, sporangia are located on sporophyll which are assembled into a _______.
  29. Megaphylls means "_________."
    big leaf
  30. Gymnosperms means _____________.
    naked seeds
  31. The oldest and tallest trees, usually pines are known as _________.
  32. The gymnosperm most closely related to flowering plants are __________.
  33. In plants the size of the roots are consistent with the size of the _________.
  34. The function of the xylem is to ____________________.
    transport water and minerals up towars the leaves
  35. The Phloem in plant tissue is _______________________.
    vascular tissue that transports sugary soap and hormones
  36. The main and deeply penetrating root is the _______.
    tap root
  37. The eudicot vascular bundle is always __________
    in a circle
  38. When counting rings on a tree, __ rings equals 1 year.
  39. Spring wood is composed of ____________.
    vessel elements
  40. Sapwood is younger than ________wood.
  41. The ___________ is at the base fo the petible where it meets the twig.
    auxillary bud
  42. ______ are the underground storage structure of trees.