Mental Health III

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Author:
mowgli
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145393
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Mental Health III
Updated:
2012-04-05 15:56:57
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Description:
problems of adulthood
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  1. What age range is considered adult?
    18-65
  2. What is maturity?
    • ability to accept responsibility of
    • one's actions,
    • delay gratification
    • make priorities
  3. What Erikson task do people of 18-25 years work on?
    Intimacy vs. Isolation

    expand p42
  4. What Erikson task do people of 25-65 work on
    • Generativity vs. Stagnation
    • expand
  5. At what age have men completed physical growth?
    about age 21
  6. At about what age have women completed physical growth
    17
  7. At what age do signs of age start?
    30
  8. At what stage are physical abilities at their peak efficiency?
    young adulthood
  9. what is the developmental task of young adulthood
    • establish oneself as fully functional and capable of living independently
    • coosing career/vocation
    • establish long-term goals
    • committing oneself to personal relationships
  10. What type of choices do young adults make
    choose partners, careers, finish education, marry, start families
  11. what does middle adulthood see
    growth and maturity of one's family and profession
  12. What do people rely on as the encounter each life change
    previously learned behaviors to help them cope
  13. What happens if problem solving is effectively learned and established early in life?
    then coping is usually effective as an adult
  14. and will pose fewer crisis
  15. What does stress used positively do to young adults
    motivates them to achieve goals some of which are long term
  16. What does stress used negatively/ignored do to young adults
    can lead to many problems
  17. how do emotions vary?
    from stress in work and relationships
  18. what does the emotional development of young adults center on?
    learning to function w/in a stressful environment
  19. What do young adults try to do about the many feelings they experience during this stage?
    attempt to find new ways of coping with them

    have occasional emotional outbursts
  20. What should be included in assessments of the emotional status of all adults
    • the client's perception of how their emotions affect their ability to develop satisfactory relationshipts
    • or achieve professional goals

    signs of stress, anxiety and depression
  21. about how many adults in US experience major depression at some point?
    ~15%
  22. how many of the adults that experience major depression recieve treatment?
    less than 1/3
  23. What does emotional development in later adulthood deal with
    struggle of seeing oneself age
  24. how do people in later adulthood who have successfuly coped with life's problems deal with seeing one's self age?
    gracefully accept and adapt to the fact they are growing old
  25. What motivates many in middle adulthood make the best of the benefits of middle age?
    the anxiety generated by the prospect of a limited time on earth
  26. What can cause anxiety in many adults?
    fear of poor health, death and loss of financial security
  27. what can anxiety in adults cause?
    strss-related illness and behavioral problems
  28. What can cause anger during adulthood?
    • interactions are not as expected
    • failed achievements or failed relationships with:
    • -Family
    • -Children
    • -Co-workers
  29. What do causes many adults to feel guilt?
    • failure to meet personal gaols
    • decisions made in general in life
    • over parents & children
  30. What does Intellectual development in young adults focus on
    their ability to solve intellectual and abstract problems
  31. what must young adults do to become successful in education or emploment?
    process large amounts of info

    learn many new skills
  32. What happens as young adults effectively cope with their situations?
    develope flexibility
  33. What is flexibility?
    ability to adapt to change
  34. how do adults continue to grow intellectually
    by using their abilities to think
  35. what is the “Use it or lose it” theory?
    applies to physical as well as intellectual growth
  36. If you use it, you will continue to grow and maintain what you already have to some degree!
  37. if not you experience a decline as you age
  38. What does social development in young adults focus on?
    interactions and relationships with others
  39. What occurse if peoples sense of personal id is strong & well established?
    individuals learn to form close personal relationships & become willing to make lasting committments
  40. When are lifelong habits usually formed?
    childhood
  41. What helps establish a young adult's interactional style ?
    patterns of commuinicating and interacting with others
  42. what do interactional style influence?
    • employment
    • relationships
    • choice of goals
  43. what is an important task of young adults
    establishing intimacy
  44. how does sense of personal ID influence intimacy
    those w/ strong personal ID can merge selves in long-term relationships

    those w/ poor personal ID may seek serial relationships to fill unmet needs
  45. What does the responsibilities of parenhood force many to do?
    shift energies from self to caring for others
  46. what can demands of parenting create
    • anxiety
    • feelings of inadequacy
    • sense of isolation & helplessness

    women working and Parenting are especially vulnerable
  47. what often happen as kids become more independent
    parents expand focus from immediate fam/work to involvement in commuinty activities
  48. what is a social task for adults as kids get older
    change from parent back to role of partner
  49. what can middle-age couple do as kids move out?
    redefine their marriage relationship

    reexplore the communication, Commitment & compermise aspects of relationship
  50. What are successful marriges based on?
    a solid foundation
  51. What do successful couples do?
    each partner recognizes individuality of other& their needs achieve personal growth
  52. what can couples who have effective commuications do
    freely share their attitudes, opinons & emotions
  53. reaffirm their commitment to each other
  54. what do couples who are unable to commuincate effectively do?
    frequently face possibility of divorce/separation
  55. what does compromise involve?
    • a willingness to negotiate
    • enter into interactions where neither wins
  56. how are conflicts resolved in compromise?
    by defining and solving the problem

    focus kept on issue
  57. what do couples who find their relationship is respected and cherished do?
    • compromise,
    • communicate openly
    • listen carefully
    • try to understand their partner's point of view
  58. what does development w/in spiritual dimension focus on
    defining one's value system and belief system
  59. what is the spiritual task of adults concerned with?
    finding meaning in life.
  60. when does reexamination of values occure?
    • as people become established w/in the community
    • begin to raise families
  61. what is reexamined in light of one'sown mortality?
    • religious beliefs
    • spiritual beliefs
  62. what is mortality?
    eventually having to die
  63. what lifestage typically have drastic lifestyle changes?
    middle adulthood
  64. what kind of activities tend to become more important in adulthood?
    • religious
    • social
    • community
  65. what does volunteering do for adults?
    • enriches their lives
    • provides many opportunities for socialization
  66. what do adults who don't /can't find meaning in their lives become?
    • stagnent
    • self-absorbed
    • isolated
    • more at risk of serious mental health problems
  67. what do adults become willing to devote their energies to?
    • guide the next generation
    • making the world a better place
  68. what do adults who have established peronal ID developed?
    • ability to have develope problem solving
    • set priorites
    • ID reasonable expectatioins for selves
    • form bonds w/ other people
    • able to give of selves both intimately and socially
    • has balance b/w give and take
  69. what do successful adults develop?
    inner strength to carry them through daily living
  70. what are the 3 C's?
    • Commitment- to s.o. and career, children
    • Communication- with s.o., children and co-workers
    • Compromise- (negotiating when no one either wins or looses) with s.o., children and co-workers
  71. when can physical & psychological stress-related problems develop in adults
    people become too anxious
  72. how are common difficulties that challenge adults divided into?
    • internal types
    • external types
  73. for adults what is internal
    one's personal outlook

    developmental
  74. what is considered external?
    environment
  75. what kind of problems are internal?
    developmental problems
  76. what are the decisions that must adults cope with about?
    • themselves
    • relationships
    • education
    • occupation
    • marriage
    • family
  77. what do adults developes when they feel they've made the right choice?
    inner strength to weather future storms
  78. what happens when adults allow anxiety, anger etc to be the focus
    effective adaptatioin does not occur as easily
  79. what should people who provide health care to adults be aware of?
    the client's problems & coping skills
  80. what is a good form of preventive mental health care?
    early intervention
  81. when do problems with establishing a strong personal identification?
    childhood
  82. what type of kids find it more difficult to feel good about themselves as adults?
    • those that weren't
    • guided
    • nurtured
    • accepted
  83. What does overcoming a childhood filled w/ negative examples require?
    • looking at one's behaviors
    • learn new methods of handling complex situations
  84. what do many adults need to overcome difficulties of their past?
    • support and
    • examples of effectively functioning people
  85. how can care providers assist adult pts internal problems?
    • offering emotional support & encouragement
    • act as valued resources- directing pt to community
    • resources like support groups
  86. how do you lessen the possiblity of future mental health problems in young adults?
    helping them develop a positive personal ID
  87. what are some common problems in adulthood
    • ¡Adjustment disorders
    • ¡Anxiety disorders
    • ¡Sexual disorders
    • ¡Mood disorders
    • ¡Personality disorders
    • ¡Health disorders
    • ¡Lack of income, joblessness, poverty
    • And there is more
  88. What happens if difficulties coping due to intellectual reasons- (limited ability to effectivly solve problems)?
    personality difficulties are more common
  89. What type of adults have to cope fewer stress-related effects to emotional problems?
    those that can put things into perspective
  90. How do mentally healthy adults recat to their emotions
    accept them w/o acting inappropriately on them
  91. what does drug / alcohol abuse usually result from
    • person's need to deal with emotional problems
    • (inadequacy, anxiety,depression)
  92. what group of adults is more prone to anger-control issues?
    those who were exposed to aggressive acts as kids
  93. What is adulthood a time for?
    commitment to others
  94. Why do young adults often seek relation ships?
    • to fill apersonal void
    • escape unhappy situation
  95. what type of relationships do young adults often search for?
    ones that will fulfill their needs and encourage their personal growth
  96. What is marriage in US society?
    a legal state that bonds two people as a family unit
  97. What often happens after couples have kids?
    responsibilities of life focus on nurturing & providing for offspring
  98. What decision is made when kids mature and leave home?
    to continue or end the relationship
  99. what are homosexual families at a greater risk for?

    Why?
    mental health problems

    stigma and discrimination that still exists
  100. who is most vulnerable to cycle of violance that comes with abusive relationships?
    women
  101. What are most women not screend for , despite more frequent health care visits?
    inimate partner violence
  102. What do members of the "sandwich generation" have to face?
    dual responsibilities of caring for children and parents at the same time
  103. What does caring for kids & parents do to many adults
    add many new stresses to thefamily

    make them have to balance carreer, kids, parents
  104. what can happen to small problems with social relationships
    they can ballon into serious mental health problems
  105. what kind of problems can extend to work and social env?
    interpersonal problems
  106. learning what skills can make a big differance in helping people become functional adults
    learing effective communication & interpersonal skills
  107. how can caregivers help prevent mental illness from interpersonal issues?
    • IDing clients with interpersonal problems
    • offering support, edu, resources
  108. What are many unplanned pregnancies?
    • stressfull
    • unwanted
  109. What choices relating to pregnancy do many unmarried adults face?
    • terminating pregnancy
    • single parenting
    • marrying for the sake of the kid
  110. what do most parents base their child-rearing practices off of?
    how they were treated as kids
  111. What factors affect parenting practices, kids,& family?
    • financial status
    • family relationships
    • safety
    • housing
    • health practices
    • spiritual beliefs
    • parenting style
    • socialization w/ others
    • type of discipline
  112. What percent of US housholds are head by single women?
    more than 8%
  113. w/o support or intervention what do single parent families have a high potential for devloping?
    several mental health issues
  114. what are positive aspects of single parenthood?
    • no conflict of differant child-rearing outlooks
    • are free from adult conflicts
  115. What often happens w/ blended families & adoptive families
    members instantly become relatives "w/o the shared experience of developing their parent-child relationship over time"
  116. what must blended/adoptive families do?
    • establish new:
    • relationships
    • roles
    • family boundaries
  117. What often hapens to childless adults by middle adulthood?
    need to share & leave one's mark increases
  118. What is one of the greatest stressers for all adults?
    financial security
  119. what type of vocation must many young adults choose
    • one that offers
    • opportunity to provide necessities of life
  120. what kind of problem is unemployment?
    multisided
  121. What is often associated w/ child neglect, maltreatment & abuse?
    stressful family env w/ unemployed head of house
  122. How can care providers help unemployed families
    assist families find support & retraing services
  123. How can environment affect adults?
    encourage or limit further development
  124. What are some of the major environmental problems affecting adults
    • lack of edu
    • poverty
    • homelessness
    • substance abuse
    • HIV/AIDS
    • lack of social support
  125. why should health care providers be aware of env problems of adults?
    they have a strong impact on their mental health
  126. What is education closely associated with?
    one's economic status
  127. What does a lack of education do?
    • limits abilities
    • fosters disabilies
  128. What is the result of un/underemployment?
    poverty
  129. What advantages do more educated/trained adults have over those less so?
    • more financial & healthcare resources
    • better able to cope w/ everyday problems
    • more savings & financial reserves
  130. How should you encourage clients to seek further edu/training?
    referring them to various commuinty agencies that offer help/training
  131. What does poverty cause?
    • unstable housing
    • poor educational opportunites
    • work problems
    • increased risk for becoming a victim

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