the bioethics Advisory Commision is appointed by____
A _____ _____ is an authoritative report or guide that helps solve a problem.
The _____ _____ was one of 12 military tribunals held between 1946-1949 by US officials.
The Nuremberg Code Established _____ _______ as a guiding principle of human experimentation
voluntary informed consent
Name the 2 values informed consent promotes.
1) personal well-being
The _____ ___ ______ updated concepts in Nuremberg Code for �clinical research� rather than human experimentation
Declaration of Helsinki
Purpose of the _____ _____ _____ was to study the natural progression of untreated syphilis in poor, black men
Tuskegee Syphilis Study
The _____ _____ was a follow-up to the Nat�l Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research.
The _____ _____ is the guiding document for USA bioethics protections
The Belmont Report uses three fundamental ethical principles. Which one does NOT belong? A) Autonomy B) Non-malficience C) Beneficience D) Justice
_____ _____ ______Implements requirements of the National Research Act of 1974
Institutional Review Boards
IRBs regulated by both the _____ and the Office of Human Subjects Research
The Institutional Review Boards purpose is to protect the _____ and _____ of human subjects participating in any research study.
rights and welfare
The IRB is concerned that research participants are protected by which 3 areas? A) assessment of research ethics B) Assessment of who "knows what's best for the patient?" C) participation is fully informed and voluntary D) maximization of research protocol safety
A, C, D
_____ gene therapy � this is less controversial as only the affected individual will be affected. Here the values or truths for the individual are paramount.
_____ gene therapy � this has broader implications as all of the individuals offspring will be affected, so one must consider arguments or principles in which societies gene pool may be influenced.
Stem Cells are obtained from embryos in the ______ stage.