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2012-04-03 00:59:01
HUSOP Gen EXAM2 Bioethics

bioethics 1
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  1. the bioethics Advisory Commision is appointed by____
    The president
  2. A _____ _____ is an authoritative report or guide that helps solve a problem.
    white paper
  3. The _____ _____ was one of 12 military tribunals held between 1946-1949 by US officials.
    �Doctor�s Trial�
  4. The Nuremberg Code Established _____ _______ as a guiding principle of human experimentation
    voluntary informed consent
  5. Name the 2 values informed consent promotes.
    • 1) personal well-being
    • 2) self-determination
  6. The _____ ___ ______ updated concepts in Nuremberg Code for �clinical research� rather than human experimentation
    Declaration of Helsinki
  7. Purpose of the _____ _____ _____ was to study the natural progression of untreated syphilis in poor, black men
    Tuskegee Syphilis Study
  8. The _____ _____ was a follow-up to the Nat�l Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research.
    Belmont Report
  9. The _____ _____ is the guiding document for USA bioethics protections
    Belmont Report
  10. The Belmont Report uses three fundamental ethical principles. Which one does NOT belong? A) Autonomy B) Non-malficience C) Beneficience D) Justice
  11. _____ _____ ______Implements requirements of the National Research Act of 1974
    Institutional Review Boards
  12. IRBs regulated by both the _____ and the Office of Human Subjects Research
  13. The Institutional Review Boards purpose is to protect the _____ and _____ of human subjects participating in any research study.
    rights and welfare
  14. The IRB is concerned that research participants are protected by which 3 areas? A) assessment of research ethics B) Assessment of who "knows what's best for the patient?" C) participation is fully informed and voluntary D) maximization of research protocol safety
    A, C, D
  15. _____ gene therapy � this is less controversial as only the affected individual will be affected. Here the values or truths for the individual are paramount.
  16. _____ gene therapy � this has broader implications as all of the individuals offspring will be affected, so one must consider arguments or principles in which societies gene pool may be influenced.
  17. Stem Cells are obtained from embryos in the ______ stage.