Delinquency in Society
Card Set Information
Delinquency in Society
30- day prevalence
In self-report surveys, the use of drugs at least once during the previous month.
A status that is earned
A hearing held to determine whether the child committed the offense of which he or she is accused.
Juveniles whose lawbreaking behavior is restricted to their teenage years.
Crime rates increase during preadolescence, peak in middle adolescence, and steadily decline thereafter.
The gradual decline of participation in crime after the teenage years.
In self-report surveys, the use of a drug at least once during the prior year.
A status that is received at birth.
The concept that people choose mates that are similar to themselves.
Criminals are a throwback to a more primitive stage of development.
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
The most common neurobehavioral child-hood disorder.
Parents who place a high value on obedience and conformity, tending to favor more punitive, absolute, and forceful disciplinary measures.
Parents who are warm but firm; they set standards of behavior for their child and highly value the development of autonomy and self-direction.
People born between 1946 and 1964.
A money or cash bond deposited with the court or bailbondsman allowing the person to be released on the assurance he or she will appear in court at the proper time.
Baker v. Owen
Teachers can administer reasonable corporal punishment for disciplinary purposes.
A theory that blames behavior on a person's interactions with others throughout her or his lifetime.
Bethel School District No. 403 v. Fraser
Schools may prohibit vulgar and offensive language.
Juvenile courts may impose adult criminal sanctions on particular types of juvenile offenders.
Board of Education of Pottawatomie County v. Earls
Schools may require students to submit to a urinalysis for illegal drugs prior to participating in all competitive extracurricular activities.
The glue that connects a child to society.
The official recording of a person into detention after arrest.
Short-term confinement facilities where youths are exposed to a militaristic environment in which the emphasis is on physical conditioning, work, and education.
Federal legislation mandating a five-day waiting period for the purchase of handguns.
Breed v. Jones
Criminal prosecution of a child following a juvenile court hearing is unconstitutional because it constitutes double jeopardy.
Negative acts by students carried out against other students repeatedly over time.
Nineteenth century reformers who believed children were basically good and blamed delinquency on a bad environment.
Chimel v. California
Established the one-arm's-length rule: Once a suspect is arrested, police may search the suspect and the immediate area he or she occupies.
The belief that lower rates of delinquency among females reflect men's deference and protective attitude toward women whereby female offenses are generally overlooked or excused by males.
Juveniles who continue to engage in law-breaking behavior as adults.
chronic status offender
Children who continued to commit status offenses despite repeated interventions by family, school, social service, or law enforcement agencies.
Classical School Delinquency
is blamed on the choices people make.
A test of wills in which a child uses misbehavior to extort a desired outcome from her or his parents.
The mutual trust among neighbors combined with willingness to intervene on behalf of the common good, specifically to supervise children and maintain public order.
Based on the concept that police officers and private citizens working together can help solve community problems related to crime, fear of crime, social and physical disorder, and neighborhood decay.
compulsory school attendance law
A legislative act that requires students to attend school between specific ages, for example, 6-16 years old.
Rules that reflect the values, expectations, and actual behaviors of groups in everyday life. They are not necessarily the norms found in the criminal law.
Society is held together by force, coercion, and intimidation and that the law represents the interests of those in power.
continuity of crime
The idea that chronic offenders are unlikely to age-out of crime and more likely to continue their law-violating behavior into their adult lives.
The infliction of physical pain as a penalty for violating a school rule.
A statistical indicator consisting of eight offenses used to gauge the amount of crime reported to the police. It was discontinued in 2004.
Criminal laws that prohibit specific conduct and provide punishments for violations.
crimes of interest
The crimes that are the focus of the National Crime Victimization Survey.
The process by which criminal values are transmitted from one generation to the next.
The process by which successive misbehavior leads to a serious attenuation of an individual's life chances