Environmental Science Test

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Environmental Science Test
2012-04-23 08:48:32
environmental science shannonrossalbers

environmental science
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  1. What is the study of natural processes in the environment and how humans can affect them?

    a resource management
    b environmental science
    c conservation
    environmental science
  2. A change to the environment that has a negative effect on the Earth's geosphere, hydrosphere, or atmosphere is _____
    a renewable
    b extinction
    c pollution
  3. Anything in the environment that is used by people is a natural resource. Which of the following is renewable?

    a gasoline
    b sunlight
    c oil
  4. Which of the following is a nonrenewable resource?

    a sunlight
    b coal
    c trees
  5. Which of the following would be a cost of drilling for oil in Antartica?

    a The supply of heating fuel would be increased
    b many new jobs would be created
    c an oil spill could harm food sources for penguins
    an oil spill could harm food sources for penguins
  6. Which might be a benefit of building an incinerator in a town?

    a it would be expensive to build
    b it would cause some air pollution
    c it would be used to generate electricity
    it would be used to generate electricity
  7. Two of the following threatens or endangers species. Which DOES NOT?

    a deforestation
    b gene pool diversity
    c pollution
    gene pool diversity
  8. The loss of a natural habitat is called _____

    a habitat destruction
    b habitat fragmentation
    c pollution
    habitat destruction
  9. Two of the following human activities negatively affects habitats. Which DOES NOT?

    a surface mining
    b restoring natural areas
    c overpopulation
    restoring natural areas
  10. Three human activities that may harm land and soil are_____

    a development, crop rotation, and land reclamation
    b agriculture, development, and mining
    c watering, development, and agriculture
    agriculture, development, and mining
  11. Mining, farming, and logging, can expose the soil and may lead to ________

    a erosion
    b overpopulation
    c crop rotation
  12. What is it called when there is a loss of so much topsoil that plants can no longer grow in the soil?

    a erosion
    b desertification
    c nutrient depletion
    nutrient depletion
  13. Growing food crops is an example of _______

    a desertification
    b agriculture
    c mining
  14. What method is used to obtain minerals just below the surface of the ground?

    a land reclamation
    b strip mining
    c underground mining
    strip mining
  15. ___________ is the construction of buildings, roads, bridges, and other structures.

    a mining
    b agriculture
    c development
  16. ______ is the process of restoring an area of land to a more natural state.

    a land reclamation
    b desertification
    c erosion
    land reclamation
  17. Putting solid waste in open dumps is dangerous because rain dissolves chemicals in the waste. This polluted water is called what?

    a compost
    b biodegradable
    c leachate
  18. Most water pollution is caused by ______

    a storms
    b droughts
    c human activities
    human activities
  19. _________ is the thick, brownish haze formed when certain gases react in sunlight.

    a acid rain
    b photochemical smog
    c radon
    photochemical smog
  20. What is the indoor air pollutant that is a colorless, odorless gas that forms when wood, coal, oil, or gas are incompletely burned?

    a ozone
    b smog
    c carbon monoxide
    carbon monoxide
  21. Which is the LEAST LIKELY to be a source of water pollution?

    a agricultural runoff
    b household dumping
    c over-pumping of well-water
    over-pumping of well-water
  22. _________ is a group of gases that is responsible for destroying ozone in the ozone layer.

    a carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide
    b car exhaust fumes
    c CFCs
  23. Any change to the atmosphere that has harmful effects is called ________

    a air pollution
    b acid rain
    c ozone
    air pollution
  24. Acid rain is ______

    a harmful to the ozone layer
    b harmful to organisms
    c causing global warming
    harmful to organisms
  25. Exhaust fumes from cars are an example of _____

    a habitat destruction
    b poaching
    c pollution