Physical Growth, Health, and Nutrition

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  1. Axon
    A branchlike structure that conveys electrical messages outward from a neuron's cell body and toward the synapse
  2. Body Mass Index
    A measure of weight in relation to height
  3. Colostrum
    A thick, yellowish fluid, richer in protein and protective antibodies than the breast milk that is produced a few days after birth
  4. Complementary Feeding
    The transition from exclusive breastfeeding or formula-feeding to the inclusion of solid in an infant's diet
  5. Dendrites
    A branchlike structure that convey electrical messages from the ssynapse and toward a neuron's cell body
  6. Electroencephalogram (EEG)
    A measure of the brain'a activity that uses external electrodes placed on the scalp
  7. Experience-Dependent
    Aspects of brain development that develop solely as a result of a person's experiences
  8. Experience-Expectant
    Aspects of brain development that "expect" to have certain kinds of stimulation and are ready to develop once they receive it
  9. Failure to Thrive
    Growth stunting that is caused by deprivation of physical contact
  10. Infant Mortality Rates
    Statistic representing the number of infants who die before reaching the age of 1 year
  11. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
    An imaging technology that reveals the brain's structure
  12. Maltreatment
    Neglect, medical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, or psychological abuse
  13. Micronutrient Deficiency
    A form of malnutrition that occurs when insufficient amounts of minerals and vitamins are consumed in the diet
  14. Myelin
    A fatty covering that insulates axons and increases the efficiency of neural functioning
  15. Neurotransmitters
    Biochemical substances that transmit information between neurons through release and uptake at synapses
  16. Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
    An imaging technology that shows the amount of activity in the brain
  17. Protein-Energy Malnutrition (PEM)
    A form of malnutrition that occurs when insufficient amounts of protein and calories are consumed in the diet
  18. Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS)
    A form of malnutrition in which an angry or frustrated adult shakes an infant violently, resulting in brain damage or even death
  19. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
    The diagnosis given when an infant younger than 1 year dies and a complete investigation is unable to identify a specific cause
  20. Synapses
    Spaces between neurons, in which biochemical messages are released and absorbed
  21. Synaptogenesis
    Formation of synapses in a network of neurons
  22. Vesicles
    Neurontransmitter storage spaces at the end of the axon
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Physical Growth, Health, and Nutrition
2012-04-04 03:32:57
Physical Growth Health Nutrition

Physical Growth, Health, and Nutrition
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