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present passive, 1st conj
present passive, 2nd conj
imperfect passive, 1st conj
imperfect passive, 2nd conj
future passive, 1st conj
future passive, 2nd conj
present passive infinitives
- take the present active infinitive stem - drop the -e, add an -i
- ex: laudo
- pr. act. inf - laudare, monere
- pr. pas. inf. - laudari, moneri
abl of personal agent
the personal agent by whom the action of a passive verb is performed is indicated by ab
plus the ablative
- Caesar ab dis admonetur.
- Caesar is being warned by the gods.
ablative of means
the means by which the action of a passive verb is carried out is indicated by the ablative of means. this is generally recognizable as a noun without a preposition.
- Urbs flammis delebatur.
- The city was being destroyed by flames.
flumen, fluminis, n.
origin, kind, type, sort, class
genus, generis, n.
hostis, hostis, m.
hostes, hostium, m.
game, sport; school
ludus, ludi, m.
probitas, probitatis, f.
scientia, scientiae, f.
clear, bright; renowned, famous, illustrious (adj)
clarus, clara, clarum
mortalis, mortalis, mortale (3rd decl adj in 2)
thereupon, then, next
fluo, fluere, fluxi, fluxum (3)
to pick out, choose, read
lego, legere, legi, lectum, 3
to mix up, stir up, disturb
misceo, miscere, miscui, mixtum, (2)
to move, arouse, affect
moveo, movere, movi, motum, (2)
to be seen, seem, appear
videor, videri, visus sum, passive of video