PTCB Dosage Forms/Routes of Administration

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Author:
daynuhmay
ID:
145628
Filename:
PTCB Dosage Forms/Routes of Administration
Updated:
2012-04-04 00:27:50
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ptcb
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PTCB Dosage Forms/Routes of Administration
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  1. excipients
    inactive substances used as a carrier for the active ingredients of a medication
  2. capsule
    solid dosage form where the drug is enclosed within a gelatin shell that dissolves in the stomach after 10-30min
  3. enteric-coated
    tablets meant to dissolve in the intestine
  4. buccal tablets
    designed to be placed between the cheek and gum
  5. film-coated tablets
    coated with a thin layer of water soluble material that dissolves rapidly in the stomach
  6. effervescent tablets
    contain sodium bicarbonate and citric/tartaric acid so that when the drug is placed in liquid, an acid-base reaction causes CO2 gas bubbles and releases the active drug
  7. pellets
    • cylinder shaped tablets meant for implantation beneath the skin;
    • provide prolonged, continuous drug absorption of potent hormons
  8. irrigations
    used to wash larger volumes and larger areas that douches
  9. gargles
    • solutions that treat diseases of the throat;
    • not swallowed
  10. sprays
    solutions delivered as a mist against the mucous membranes of the nose and throat
  11. mucilages
    thick, adhesive liquids containing pulpy components of vegetable matter
  12. elixir
    hydro-alcoholic solution sweetened with a pleasant taste, have a good relative stability, and are easy to prepare
  13. tincture
    • hydro-alcoholic solution prepared from vegetable, animal, or chemical materials;
    • have a higher alcohol content than elixirs
  14. emulsion
    mixture of 2 liquids that normally don't mix
  15. suspension
    • mixture of very fine particles of an insoluble solid distributed through a gas, liquid, or solid;
    • used for drugs not readily soluble
  16. external phase
    liquid surrounding the internal phase (liquid present in small particles)
  17. ointment
    semisolid preparation used for external application to the skin or mucous membrane
  18. cream
    semisolid emulsions containing suspensions or solutions of drugs intended for external application
  19. gel
    two-phase system consisting of a solid internal phase diffused throughout a viscous liquid phase
  20. inhalers
    • contain solutions or suspensions of solid or liquid particles in gas or air;
    • intended for inhalation via the nose or mouth
  21. aerosol dosage - 3 components
    • 1) product concentrate
    • 2) container
    • 3) propellant
  22. MDI
    • metered-dose inhalers;
    • used in inhalation therapy for potent medications
  23. ampules
    • self-enclosed glass containers that contain sterile drugs for injection into an IV bag;
    • filter needle is used to remove anything greater than 5 microns
  24. parenteral administration
    drugs bypass the GI tract
  25. bolus
    a drug given intravenously over a short period
  26. IVP
    • IV push;
    • administration of a bolus (drug given intravenously over a short period of time)
  27. IVPB
    • IV piggyback;
    • drug is infused into a vein over hours or days by constant infusion or drip;
    • provides continuous supply of the drug to the body
  28. IM
    • intramuscular;
    • drug is administered by a direct injection into a large muscle
  29. subcutaneous administration
    • SC, subQ, or SQ;
    • drug is injected under the skin (in fatty tissue);
    • absorbed more slowly and less completely than by IV or IM routes
  30. intra-articular administration
    into a joint
  31. intraventricular administration
    into the cavities of the brain
  32. intrathecal administration
    into the space around the spinal cord
  33. transdermal route of administration
    • through the skin;
    • used to deliver the drug systemically

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