SocioQuiz

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nakedidea
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145680
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SocioQuiz
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2012-04-08 15:15:36
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Race ethnicity sociology
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Sociology Quiz: Race and Ethnicity
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  1. RACE
    is a biological classification of human groups with similar physical characteristics. This may include skin color, facial features, hair texture, etc. Sociologists study race because racial classification has SOCIAL MEANING. Sociologists are NOT INTERESTED in conducting research to determine if race has any biological significance between human groups.
  2. ETHNICITY
    refers to people who are racially similar to one another; but have distinctive cultural characteristics that distinguish them from those around them.
  3. DOMINANT GROUP
    is a category of people whose values, language, customs, and traditions are practiced and enforced in a given society.
  4. ETHNIC IDENTITY
    refers to experiences of childhood socialization that minority group members experienced living in a society that favors dominant group values.
  5. MINORITY GROUP
    refers to a category of people who often face differential treatment because they lack POLTICIAL and ECONOMIC influence. They are often the targets of labor and economic exploitation. NOTE* Numerical size has nothing to do with the classification of people who are identified as minorities.
  6. PREJUDICE
    is a positive or negative bias toward a group or category of poeple. Prejudice is often determined by ones experience with a particular group and then generalizations are made to include ALL members of that particular group.
  7. SOCIAL DISTANCE
    the level of tolerance one has for a group or category of people. Often used as a measurement of prejudice.
  8. DISCRIMINATION
    is an action that disqualifies members of a particular group from social opportunities including college admission, employment, house, bank loans, etc. Discrimination is most often associated with race, but it could include gender bias, age bias, physical bias, etc.
  9. RACISM
    is the combination of both prejudice and discrimination. HATE CRIMES involve both inflammatory language and physical aggression whose victims are targeted strictly on a racial basis.
  10. STEREOTYPE
    is an exaggerated and inaccurate mental image people often develop in regards to groups of people who are different from themselves. All stereotypes have a small amount of truth that becomes distorted and followed with illogical and often negative generalizations about that category of people.
  11. INTERNAL COLONIALISM
    the policy of a dominant group exploiting minority groups within a nation or territory for political or economic gain. Example: Slavery.
  12. SEGREGATION
    is the creation of spatial barriers or areas designed to separate different categories of people from interacting with each other.
  13. JIM CROW LAWS
    were a series of segregation laws passed in Southern State legislatures after the Civil War to ensure segregation at the State Level allowing for the continued exploitation of the African-American and Native American populations in the area. These laws were enforced from the late 1860s to the early 1970s. These so-called JIM CROW LAWS were also considered "CONSTITUTIONAL" in the 1905 Supreme Court decision of PLESSY vs FERGUSSION.
  14. DESEGREGATION
    is the elimination of spatial barriers between different groups who do not necessarily interact with one another. In 1954, The Supreme Court made its famous decision in the case of Brown vs the Board of Education that segregation was "UNCONSTITUTIONAL" requiring all American public schools to allow all children to attend the school closest to where they live regardless of their racial background.
  15. INTEGRATION
    is the blending of different groups by choice and preference.
  16. DE JURE SEGREGATION
    is segregation that is required by law and punished with a criminal penalty.
  17. DE FACTO SEGREGATION
    is segregation resulting from choice or circumstance. In many cities in the Eastern Coast of the United States; people still choose to live in the small "ethnic sections" of town because they would rather live with their own people than move into a more racially diverse neighborhood.
  18. INSTITUTIONAL DISCRIMINATION
    is often built into society's social structure. This practice may be INTENTIONAL or UNINTENTIONAL. Minorities have argued that institutional discrimination makes it difficult for them to get hired in many jobs fields and often disqualifies them from home and credit loans.
  19. SPLIT-LABOR MARKET
    is a CONFLICT THEORY argument that explains minority job exploitation resulting from employers creating unnatural working conditions that require minorities to complete against each other for low wage labor jobs. This creates worker distrust for one another and ensuring a market of future labor to be subjected to similar hiring practices.
  20. ASSIMILATION
    is the process in which a minority group is absorbed into the larger society. This can be either a voluntary or forced experience. In time, the group will lose many of its cultural characteristics as it adopts those of the dominant group.
  21. AMALGATION
    refers to the intermarriage between two people from different racial groups. It is important to note that if one plans to marry someone from a different racial group to learn about the group one is marrying into. It would also serve one's partner well to do the same thing. Interracial Marriage has only been legal in all 50 states since 1967 when The Supreme Court determined that a marriage legal in one state must be legal in all states. Prior to 1967, if an interracial couple was married legally in one state, and moved to another state that did not allow interracial marriage; the marital union would NOT BE RECOGNIZED AS VALID and children from that marriage would be classified as ILLEGITIMATE.
  22. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
    is a series of FEDERAL LAWS written into the CIVIL RIGHTS ACT of 1964 requiring employers to actively seek out qualified minority candidates and to hire them over dominant group applicants if they are EQUALLY QUALIFIED FOR THE JOB. California was the first State in 1994 to repeal affirmative action statues allowing all employers the choice of following the mandated FEDERAL LAW or choosing "their own" criteria for job selection. The UC, CAL STATE, and CALIFORNIA COMMUNITY COLLEGES do not use affirmative action standards when processing STUDENT or FACULTY applications.
  23. EXPULSION
    is the forced removal of a minority population to a less desirable location. A historical event known as "THE TRAIL OF TEARS" occurred when Native Americans were forced out of their homes and forced to relocate in a less desirable location.
  24. SCAPEGOAT
    is a person or category of people wrongly blamed for the problems of others. NAZI GERMANY wrongfully blaming the JEWISH population for the territorial and economic concessions Germany had to make as a result of being on the losing end of WWI. The consequences of the War and historical anti-Semitism led to the event known as the HOLOCAUST.
  25. GENOCIDE
    is the systematic MURDER of a population for biological, political, religious, territorial, and economic reasons.
  26. PASSING
    (Minority Group Responses to Dominant Group Treatment)
    occurs when a minority group member attempts to deny or put down thier own heritage in order to gain favor from the dominant group.
  27. SELF-HATRED
    (Minority Group Responses to Dominant Group Treatment)
    is the loss of self-esteem and self-worth resulting from the internalization of the dominant groups hostility.
  28. ETHNIC PRIDE
    (Minority Group Reponses to Dominant Group Treatment)
    is the internalization of positive attitudes towards ones self and ones culture. Many people are developing a greater interest in learning about ones heritage.

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