Sociology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary

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Sociology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
2012-04-04 11:35:06
sociology chapter vocabulary

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  1. agents of socialization
    specific individuals, groups, and institutions that provide the situations in which socialization can occur
  2. aptitude
    capacity to learn a particular skill or acquire particular body knowledge
  3. feral children
    wild or untamed children
  4. generalized other
    internalized attitudes, expectations, and viewpoints of society that we use to guide our behavior and reinforce our sense of self
  5. heredity
    transmission of genetic characteristics from parents to children
  6. I
    unsocialized, spontaneous, self-interested component of the personality and self-identity
  7. instinct
    unchanging, biologically inherited behavior pattern
  8. looking-glass self
    interactive process by which we develop an image of ourselves based on how we imagine we appear to others
  9. mass media
    newspapers, magazines, books, TV, radio, films, and other forms of communication that reach large audiences without personal contact between the individuals sending the information and those receiving it
  10. me
    part of the identity that is aware of the expectations and attitudes of society; the socialized self
  11. peer group
    primary group composed of individuals of roughly equal age and social characteristics
  12. personality
    sum total of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and values that are characteristic of an individual
  13. resocialization
    break with past experiences and the learning of new values and norms
  14. role-taking
    taking of pretending to take the role of others
  15. self
    conscious awareness if possessing a distinct identity that separates us from other members of society
  16. significant other
    specific people, such as parents, brothers, sisters, other relatives, and friends, who have a direct influence on our socialization
  17. socialization
    interactive process through which individuals learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of society
  18. sociobiology
    systematic study of the biological basis of all social behavior
  19. total institution
    setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time and subjected to the control of officials of varied ranks