History 3

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  1. Who designed the attack on Pearl Harbor?
  2. What was the Bataan March Massacre?
    A 65 mile march for all the US Soldiers left in Japan after being left by General McArthur.
  3. What was Doolittle's Raid?
    When Doolittle had the idea to launch b-25 bombers off aircraft carrier USS Hornet to bomb Japan.
  4. What was Operation Cartwheel?
    Island hoping from Australia, to New Guinea to the Phillipines.
  5. What was the mountain on which the famous picture of the marines lifting the flag on Iwo Jima was taken, and who took the picture?
    Mt. Suribachi

    Joe Rosenthal
  6. Who was the commander of Afrika Corps?
    Field Marshal Erwin Rommel "Dessert Fox"
  7. What was our first battles with the Germans?
    Casseron Pass, then into Italy through Salerno to support the troops in Sicily.
  8. What was the Gustoff Line?
    Line at which Germans held off Americans in Italy.
  9. What was Operation Anvil?
    An amphibious assault at Anzio, as a counter attack to the Gustoff Line.
  10. What was Operation Overlord?
    D-Day, when we invaded Normandy. Omaha and Utah Beach. Lead by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower
  11. What was the Battle of the Bulge?
    When the Americans pushed the Germans back, the 101st Airborne got stuck at Bastogne and were surrounded for 3 weeks until the weather lightened up.
  12. When we invaded Germany, where were we told to stop so the Russians could catch up?
    Elbe River
  13. What happened at Remasen?
    We were stuck at the Rhine River and could not find a way to cross until we found a bridge at Remasen. The bridge had c4 planted on it, we crossed anyways and the c4 misfired which allowed us to take control of it.
  14. What happened on 7 May 1945?
    V.E. Day, victory in Europe.
  15. What is the name for the systematic extermination of under menschen(under people)?
  16. Who did we use in communications, nick named "code talkers."
    Native Americans
  17. What were the two types of women workers during WW2?
    Rosie the Riveter-Industrial workers

    Government Girls-Secritaries/Whitehouse Workers
  18. Who won the election of 1944?
    Who was his V.P.?
    • F.D.R.
    • Harry S. Truman
  19. Which President was burried at Hyde Park, after having a stroke while getting his picture taken?
  20. What was the Manhattan Project?
    Our making the Atomic bomb.
  21. Who was in charge of the Manhattan Project? Civilian and Military.
    • J. Robert Oppenheimer-Civilian
    • General Leslie Growes-Military
  22. What was the name for the succesful testing of the atomic bomb?
    Trinity Bomb
  23. Where was Truman made known of the atomic bomb?
    The Potsdam Conference
  24. What was the name of the plane and pilot that dropped "Little Boy" onto Hiroshima?
    • Enola Gay
    • Col. Paul Tibbetts
  25. What was the name, location and type of the first bomb we dropped on Japan?
    • Little Boy
    • Hiroshima
    • Uranium
  26. What was the name, type and location of the second bomb we dropped on Japan?
    • Fat Man
    • Plutoneum
    • Nagasaki
  27. Where did the Japanese surrender take place?
    USS Missouri, which is were Truman was from.
  28. Who was the WW2 hero that killed 240+ enemies?
    Audie Murphy
  29. Who were the Big 3?
    • Joseph Stallin
    • Winston Churchill
    • F.D.R.
  30. What happened at the Casablanca Conference?
    They planned the invasion of Sicily.
  31. What was discussed at the Teheran Conference?
    The cross channel invasion.
  32. What happened at the Yalta Conference?
    They planned the division of Germany into 4 zones of occupation.
  33. What were the nations in the United Nations security council?
    U.S., G.B., France, U.S.S.R. and China
  34. Who was the leader of the Republic of China?(free)
    Chiang Kai-shek
  35. Who was the leader of communist China?
    Mao Tse-Tung
  36. Who decided that the only way the U.S. could keep communism from spreading was by containment?
    George F. Kennan "Mr. X"
  37. What was the Truman Doctrine?
    The US would come to the assistance of any free country resisting communist aggression.
  38. What was the Marshall Plan?
    The US would give $13 billion to rebuild 17 European nations.
  39. What was created by the National Security Act of 1947?
    • National Security Council(NSC)
    • Department of Defense (DOD)
    • U.S. Air Force
    • Central Intelligence Agency(CIA)
  40. What was the Berlin Crisis?
    Yugoslavia, lead by Marshall Tito, decided to declare independence from U.S.S.R. The U.S. supported them, which lead the U.S.S.R. to put a blockade around Berlin.
  41. What was the Warsaw Pact?
    Union between communist countries.
  42. What provided educational benefits and job opportunities for veterans?
    Serviceman's Readjustment Act (GI Bill)
  43. Which president was famous for saying "The Buck Stops Here," promised all Americans a Fair Deal, expanded social security and raised unemployment?
    Harry Truman
  44. Which act declared it illegal union shop, provided open shop?
    Taft-Hartley Act
  45. Who won the election of 1948?
    Harry Truman
  46. Who replaced General McArthur during the US Atlantic at Enchong?
    Matthew Ridgeway
  47. Who was the actor known as "T-10" that spied on the screen actors guild for communist activity?
    Ronald Regan
  48. Who was the former communist that claimed Alger Hiss had given him secret government information, later to be known as the pumpkin papers?
    Whitacker Chambers
  49. Who was the defector in the pumpkin papers that Richard Nixon was determined to send to jail, even though the statute of limitations had passed?
    Alger Hiss
  50. Who were the masterminds in giving our atomic bomb secrets to the U.S.S.R. and given the death sentance?
    Julius and Ethel Rosenburg
  51. Who won the election of 1952, who was the V.P.?
    • Dwight D. Eisenhower
    • Richard Nixon
  52. When accused of taking bribes and innapropriate campaign contributions, what did Richard Nixon say?
    Yes, they gave me a dog, Checkers, and I'm not giving him back.
  53. In which act did the government spend $25 billion for 40,000 miles of interstate?
    Federal Highway Act
  54. What were the names of the first two types of computers?
    Eniac and Uniac
  55. What caused a 20% population increase?
    Baby Boom
  56. Who lead the AFL-CIO?
    George Meany
  57. Who was the leader of the Teamsters that was sent to jail for misapropreation of union funds, the mysteriously disappeared?
    Jimmy Hoffa
  58. What was the name for small cheap suburbs built after WW2?
    Levittowns, built by William Levitt
  59. Who said that raising a child should be child centered, in his book Baby and Childcare?
    Dr. Benjamin Spock
  60. Who invented, and what was the name of the first vaccine that was effective in preventing polio?
    • Joseph Salk
    • Salk Vaccine
  61. What was the name of the first two Russian sattelites to go into space?
    • Sputnik
    • Sputnik II
  62. What was the name of the dog sent into space on Sputnik II?
  63. What was the name of the chimp sent into space on the Explorer 1?
  64. Who was the first human into space?
    Yuri Gagarin
  65. Who was the first American to go into space?
    Alan Sheppard
  66. Who was the first American to orbit the earth?
    John Glenn
  67. Who were the first men on the moon?
    Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin
  68. What was the name for the original hippies back in the 1950's?
  69. What court case eliminated Seperate but Equal?
    Brown vs. Board of Education
  70. What was the name of the High School in Little Rock, Arkansas where President Eisenhower had to call in the National Guard in ordert to restore peace and desegregation of the school had been ordered?
    Central High School
  71. What was the name of the first woman chosen to do the sit down strike on a bus, which was eventually done by Rosa Parks?
    Claudette Collin
  72. Who was the first black pro baseball player?
    Jackie Robinson
  73. Who won the election of 1956?
  74. What was the name of Eisenhowers plan for reducing the size of the military and increasing the number of nuclear weapons, and what did it create?
    • Massive Retalliation
    • Brinksmanship
  75. Who staged a revolution against the Leader of Cuba, Fugencio Batista?
    Fidel Castro, assisted by Che Querva
  76. Who was the leader of Russia?
    Nikita Krushchev
  77. Who was flying a Lockhead U-2 when it was shot down over Russia?
    Francis Gary Powers
  78. Who won the election of 1960 and who was his V.P.?
    • John F. Kennedy
    • L.B.J.
  79. The peace corps and Green Berets were both started by which presidents "New Frontier" program?
  80. What was the Bay of Pigs?
    A military failure, started by the CIA under the Ike administration, in which trained anti-Castro Cuban exiles where sent to Cuba to start a revolution. It was carried out under the Kennedy administration and we pulled out most of the air support at the last minute leading to a slaughter of the revolutionaries.
  81. What was created to keep communists in East Germany?
    Berlin Wall
  82. What was the Cuban Missile Crisis?
    We had missiles in Turkey pointed at Russia, so Russia put missiles in Cuba and pointed them at us. Lead to a standoff, and Russia blinked first.
  83. J.F.K. was assassinated in Dallas, TX by ___________, who was assassinated by ___________ just a few days later.
    • Lee Harvey Oswald
    • Jack Ruby
  84. Which President created Medicare, Medicaid, head start, and food stamps as part of a Great Society?
  85. Who was the first black supreme court justice, and who put him into power?
    • Thurgood Marshall
    • L.B.J.
  86. Who won the election of 1964 and who was his V.P.?
    • L.B.J.
    • Hubert Humphrey
  87. Who was the first black cabinet member, and what was the position created for him?
    • Robert Weaver
    • Department of Housing and Urban Development
  88. Who staged freedom rides that resulted in their bus getting burned down in Anniston, AL?
    • Student Non-Violent Action Committee
    • Congress of Racial Equality
  89. What was the name of the black student that was admitted to the University of Mississippi, which ended with the National Guard being mobilized?
    James Meredith
  90. Who was the Mayor of Mississippi that decided no to let James Meredith, the black student, into the University of Mississippi?
    Ross Barnett
  91. What is the name of the place where JFK was shot?
    Dealy Plaza, Dallas, Texas
  92. Who put a stop to the Non-Violent protests, using kids, lead by Martin Luther King Jr. in Birmingham, AL?
    Police Commisioner, Eugene "Bull" Conner
  93. Who were the two perspective students that George Wallace tried to keep out of the University of Alabama?
    James Hood and Vivian Malone
  94. Which NAACP leader was shot dead in his front yard the same day as the George Wallace, University of Alabama incident?
    Medgar Edars
  95. The largest civil rights was in ______________ and _______ people attended.
    • Wachington, D.C.
    • 200,000
  96. What happened at the 16th St. Baptist Church?
    Four little girls died while attending Sunday School Service.
  97. What was the name for northerners coming down south to register blacks to vote?
    Freedom Summer
  98. What was the name for the event when 600 protesters left a church and tried to cross a bridge?
    Bloody Sunday
  99. What is the name for black muslims?
    Nation of Islam
  100. What is the name of the group founded by Huey Newton, that was an openly armed militant group?
    Black Panthers
  101. Who was the leader of Vietnam, started the resistance group, Vietminh, and became leader of North Vietnam?
    Ho Chi Min
  102. What is the name of the line that seperates North and South Vietnam?
    17th parallel
  103. Who was the president of South Vietnam and who was the police cheif?
    • Ngo Dihn Dien
    • Ngo Dihn Nhu
  104. What did the monks in Vietnam do as a protest?
    Innalations, setting themselves on fire in the middle of streets.
  105. Who approved the assassination of Ngo Dihn Dien, and Ngo Dihn Nhu, the president and police cheif of South Vietnam?
  106. What was the Tonkin Gulf Resolution?
    The US Military take all means possible to protect ourselves against Vietnam.
  107. What was Operation Rolling Thunder?
    The intermitent bombing of Vietnam from 1965-1972.
  108. What was the name of paramilitary in Vietnam, civilians during the day, but ran military operations at night?
  109. What was it called when North Vietnamese Army and Vietcong attacked 5 of 6 major cities in South Korea?
    Tet Offensive
  110. What was Passification?
    Relocate South Vietnamese villagers to camps to keep them safe from the Vietcong.
  111. Where was Martin Luther King Jr. shot?
    2nd floor of the Loraine Hotel in Memphis, TN.
  112. Who shot R.F.K. in the head as he was leaving a hotel in Las Vegas through the kitchen?
    Sirhan Sirhan
Card Set
History 3
History test 3
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