Psych 32 Chap 6

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Psych 32 Chap 6
2012-04-13 09:34:15
Chapter Psych 32

Developmental Psychology
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  1. The ability to self conceptualize and represent your self
  2. What ages do children develop the ability to mistrust others whom seem to be mistrusted
    Ages 4 & 5
  3. What age do researches believe a child first notices if an adult is commited in an activity
    Age 3
  4. What age do children begin to experience self-conscious emotions such as pride, shame, embarrassment and guilt
    18 months of age
  5. Viewing children's negative responses as a chance to teach
    Emotional Coaching
  6. A tendency to ignore, deny or change negative emotion
    Emotion-dismissing parents
  7. The moral element of the personality
  8. Responding to another peron's feeling with an emotion that echoes thoes feelings
  9. The development of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding rules and conventions about what people should do in their reaction with other people
    Moral Development
  10. The ability to discern another person's emotional state
    Perspective Talking
  11. A part of Piaget's moral reasoning from ages 4 to 7 in which children think of justice and rules as unchangeable properties, removed from the control of people
    heteronomous morality
  12. The second stage of Piaget's Theory of moral reasoning in which children ages 7 to 10 in which they show some features of Stage 1 - heteronoumous morality and stage 2 - autonomous morality
    Period of transition
  13. Piaget's 3rd stage of Moral development/reasoning in which children 10 and older become aware that rules and laws are created by people, and in judging action they consider the actor's intentions as well as its consequences
    Autonomous Stage
  14. The concept that if a rule is broken, punsihment will be meted out immediately
    immanent justice
  15. The sense of being male or female
    Gender indentity
  16. Sets of expectations that prescribe how female or males should think
    Gender roles
  17. The 3 Social Theories of Gender
    • 1. Social Role Theory
    • 2. Psychoanalytical Theory
    • 3. Social Cognitive Theory
  18. A theory that states that gender differences results from the contrasting roles of women and men
    Social role Theory
  19. A theory that states that the preschool child develops a sexual attraction to the opposite-sex parent. Opedipus for boys, Electra for girls
    Psychoanalytical theroy of gender
  20. A therory that states children's gender development occurs through observation and immitation of what other people do or say, and being rewarded and punished for gender-appropriate and gender-inappropriate behavior
    Social cognitive theroy of gender
  21. The Mechanisms is whih gender develop
    • 1. Observation
    • 2. Imitation
    • 3. Rewards & Punsihment
  22. A theory that states gender typing emerges as childen gradually develop gender schemas of what is gender-appropriate and gender-inappropriate in their culture
    Gender schema theroy
  23. What are the 4 Baumrind Parenting Styles
    • Authoritatian Parent
    • Authoritative Parent
    • Negletful Parent
    • Indulgent Parent
  24. A restrictive, punitve style parent that exhort the child to follow their directions and respecct their work and effort
    Authoritarian parenting
  25. A parent that encourages children to be independent but still places limits and controls on their actions
    Authoritative Parent
  26. A sytle of parenting in which the parent is uninvolved in the child's life
    Negletful Parenting
  27. 4 Types of Child Maltreatment
    • 1. Physical Abuse
    • 2. Emotional Abuse
    • 3. Sexual Abuse
    • 4. Child Neglect
  28. A style of parenting in which parents are highly involved with their children but place few demands or controls on them
    Indulgent parent
  29. The Support that parent give to one another while raising a child
  30. What are the statistics for Working Mothers in the U.S.
    More than 1 out of every 2 Parent w/ children under age 5

    More than 2 out of every 3 Paent w/ children 6 - 17
  31. Culutural changes that occur when one culture comes into contact with another
  32. Behavior by infants intended to derive pleasure from exercising their sensorimotor schemes
    Sensorimotor play
  33. The repetition of behavior when new skills are being learned or when physical or mental mastery and coordination of skills are required for games or sports
    Practice Play
  34. Occurs when the child transforms the physical environment into a symbol
    Symbolic Play
  35. A kind of "play" that inlvolces interactions with peers
    Social Play
  36. A combination of sensorimotor play with symbolic representation. It occurs when children engage in the self-regulated creation of a product or solution
    Constructive Play
  37. The child may stnd in one spot or perform random movements that do not seem to have a goal
    Unoccupied Play
  38. The child plays alone and independently of others
    Solitary Play
  39. The child may talk with other children and ask questions but does not participate in the play
    Onlooker Play
  40. The child plays seperate from others but with toys like those the others are using or in a manner that mimics their play
    Parallel Play
  41. Social interaction in a group with little or no organization of play. Chilren seem to be more interested in each other than in the task they are performing
    Associative Play
  42. Consist of social interaction in a group with a sense of group identity and organized activity. Ex - Children formal games, competition aimed at winning, and groups formed by teachers
    Cooperative Play