Film Terms

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ajgrubb
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14589
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Film Terms
Updated:
2010-06-05 14:35:38
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film terms
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Film Terms for class
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  1. A single photographic image printed on a length of film
    Frame
  2. A photograph taken with a still camera
    Still
  3. A single frame repeated for an extended time
    Freeze-frame
  4. When the image is retained in the human eye longer than the image exists
    persistence of vision
  5. width to height ratio on screen
    aspect ratio
  6. arrangement of the elements within the frame
    composition
  7. main action/behind the main action
    fore/background
  8. single, uninterrupted action of a camera/unedited footage
    shot/take
  9. places objects in context and prepares a viewer for a closer look later
    establishing shot
  10. used to sweep across a scene horizontal/ up/down
    pan/tilt
  11. platform movement toward or away from stationary subject
    dolly (in/out)
  12. camera moving on tracks with a moving object
    tracking shot
  13. accomplished with a lens smoothly and continuously changing focal lengths
    zoom (in/out)
  14. all of a directors films
    oeuvre
  15. distinctive director
    auteur
  16. shot from a boom that can move vertically and horizontally at the same time
    crane shot
  17. a series of shots with a continuous action
    scene
  18. number of shots and scenes
    sequence
  19. describes a theater director's staging
    mise-en-scene
  20. produces a greater depth of field, greater amout of area
    wide-angle - deep focus
  21. compresses space, forcing a subject into its background
    telephoto, long lens, shallow focus
  22. the way objects appear to the eye
    perspective (POV)
  23. a change of focus within a shot caused by changing focus from one object to another
    rack focus
  24. looks upward at subject/ aimed down toward a subject
    low angle/ high angle
  25. When a camera adopts the point of view of a character
    subjective camera
  26. an exposed bulb, a blazing neon sign
    local lighting
  27. fixed color properties that are highly predictable and consistent
    artificial lighting
  28. primary light illuminating a subject / softens shadows caused by primary
    key/fill light
  29. person who shapes, arranges shots, sequences
    editor
  30. first positive prints of takes
    rushes (dailies)
  31. early edit, ready for approval, last version
    rough, fine, final cuts
  32. organized development of events
    continuity
  33. blends shots smoothly, broken cut
    match cut/jump cut
  34. transitions until blank/dark (strongest transition in film)
    fade (in/out)
  35. moving viewer between two parallel scenes
    cross-cutting
  36. loudness/softness of sound
    volume
  37. highness/lowness
    pitch
  38. color or tone (roughness) quality that harmonizes sounds
    timbre
  39. character is visible, spoken words
    dialogue
  40. sound directed toward audience
    narration
  41. omniscient source of unbiased information
    commentator
  42. character in the film (giving perception of events)
    narrator
  43. sound not coming from scenes in film
    voice-over
  44. originating in scene/music functions like narration
    local/background music
  45. all nonverbal/nonmusical sounds to set a mood ie
    ambient sound
  46. replacing entire track of dialogue/replacing some of original track
    dubbing/looping (now ADR)
  47. custom sounds to match visuals (sounds of hoofs)
    Foley artist
  48. simultaneously combines sound/visuals, or not match w/ visuals
    non/synchronous
  49. actual sounds belonging in a scene/ doesnt come from space in story (bg music)
    non/diegetic
  50. any segment w/o sound
    MOS mid out sound
  51. those who work w/ the director and the principal actors vs those who focus on a films action sequences
    first/second unit
  52. beginnings and endings of films listing responsible people for the film
    credits
  53. person who provides money and makes major decisions about the production (casting, etc)
    does early work/keeps track of schedule
    producer (executive/line)
  54. process that begins with a writers vision
    development
  55. a woritten description of the action and dialogue/short version/final version full
    script/treatment/screenplay
  56. person w/ primary responisbility for choosing what will be filmed in each take, camera work, action, and selecting takes
    director
  57. person who decides on lighting, camera, lenses, film stock, filters and placement of camera angles etcc
    cinematographer (D.P.)
  58. person who keeps careful notes of what happens during the production, include details of what was shot
    script supervisor
  59. works closely with the director and cinematographer to develop the look for a film, costumes, sets, props,
    production designer
  60. primary speaking roles/roles played by those with the most significant parts
    pricipals, lead, star
  61. people who try to become the character they play, tapping deep into feelings within
    Method actor
  62. study how a person behaves and appears in various situations and then imitate them on camera
    technique actor
  63. small speaking part/play characters with out namesand only rarely with lines
    bit player/extras
  64. these people pick things up, move equipment, backdrops, cables for moving cameras, set walls, etc
    grip
  65. main grip/assistant grip
    key/best boy
  66. in charge of electrical work on a set, setting up power to lights, etc
    gaffer
  67. a candid-camera style of filmmaking using handheld cameras
    cinema verite
  68. describes a kind of dark film, made in 40s/50s, presents urban corruption and crime
    film noir
  69. film style that suggests inernal psychological states
    expressionism
  70. style that began after WWII, using authentic settings, showing ordinary people
    neorealism
  71. style that began in the early 1950s in France. director is the controlling force of film
    New Wave
  72. style that drew on ideas of Freud, related to powers of dreams. try to produce an art not tied to reason and logic
    Surrealism
  73. width of film (in mm)
    Gauge
  74. any shot taken from a moving vehicle
    trucking shot
  75. a shot in which the camera is tilted to the left or right
    Oblique-angle shot
  76. light coming from normal sources of illumination
    Available light
  77. light placed behind or to the side of a subject
    Kicker light
  78. a take that is not included in the final version of a film
    Out-take
  79. Any shot not taken for a particular film but used in it
    Library (stock) shot
  80. a shot joining one foreground action with a separately filmed background
    Process shot
  81. The process of projecting an image onto a translucent screen from the back side
    Rear projection
  82. a series of sketches showing potential ways a shot might be filmed
    Storyboard
  83. as you go from largest unit to smallest, which word should be number 3? 1 sequence 2 scene 3? 4 frame
    shot
  84. What kind of shot usually comes after a look of
    outward regard and before a reaction shot?
    Do not use reverse-angle shot in your answer, because what I am
    looking for a particular kind of reverse-angle shot.
    point-of-view shot (aka subjective shot)
  85. What does the term MOS mean?
    shot without sound
  86. What is another word for local, as in local lighting or local music?
    diegetic
  87. What kind of shot has the camera tilted to the left or the right, making the scene appear askew and often causing viewers to feel disoriented or confused?
    oblique-angle shot
  88. What is the word for the actors with the least important roles in a film, usually playing characters without names and with no speaking part?
    extras
  89. What kind of cut is it when one shot cuts to another, and the objects in both shots have a similar shape?
    form cut
  90. Which film movement/style tries to produce an art not directly tied to reason and logic, an art more related to the powers of dreams and the unconscious? Note that Don’t Look Now has elements of this particular film movement/style.
    surrealism
  91. What is the term for when areas of the screen are darkened to create the impression of looking through binoculars, a keyhole, or some similar device?
    mask
  92. What is the term for the overall style of an auteur’s oeuvre? For example, as part of this overall style, there might be recognizable motifs (recurrent images) that a director uses throughout several of his/her films.
    aesthetic
  93. What kind of lens would you use to achieve deep focus?
    wide-angle

    • wide deep fast
    • long shallow slow
  94. What is the word for all nonverbal and nonmusical sounds contributing to a film?
    ambient
  95. What member of the film crew usually keeps track of costs, keeps the movie on schedule, and approves expenses?
    line producer
  96. What kind of shot involves joining one foreground action with a separately filmed background?
    process shot

    done in the lab
  97. What do you call the transparent glass or gelatin placed in front of the camera lens to make a certain color dominant?
    filter
  98. What is the term for the last edited version of a film, the version that will be shown in theaters?
    final cut
  99. Which members of the film crew are often responsible for shooting action sequences, special location work, background shots, and stunt work? For example, in the early portion of his career, Roeg was part of this group when shooting desert scenes for Lawrence of Arabia.
    second unit
  100. What is the term for audio/visual contrast, that is, for when nonsynchronous sounds contrast with the visual components in an image?
    counterpoint
  101. opposite of cinéma vérité
    surrealism
  102. opposite of filmed with live sound
    MOS
  103. opposite of harmonious timbre
    discordant timbre
  104. In terms of moving deeper within the frame, between the foreground and the background there is the what?
    middleground
  105. Extreme long shots often occur at the start of new scenes, in which case such shots can be called what?
    establishing shots
  106. Films with a 2.35:1 aspect ratio are known as widescreen or what?
    CinemaScope
  107. The first stage of a script, which often resembles a short story, is commonly known as what?
    treatment
  108. The next-to-last version of print, the version that follows the rough cut, is known as what?
    fine cut
  109. The final soundtrack of a film, after mixing has occurred, is called what?
    sound composite
  110. Under low light conditions, what kind of film stock would you normally use?
    fast stock

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