Pathology - Test 4

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bridgetstadum
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145917
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Pathology - Test 4
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2012-04-05 19:41:27
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Pathology Test
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Pathology - Test 4
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  1. Inflammation of mucous membrane that lines nose
    Rhinitis
  2. Inflammation of membrane lining of facial sinues
    Sinusitis
  3. Inflammation of pharynx
    Pharyngitis
  4. Common cold
    Coryza
  5. Inflammation of trachea
    Tracheitis
  6. Inflammation of airways, or bronchial passages, that connect trachea to lungs
    Bronchitis
  7. Several kinds - can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, chemical/physical agents and inactivity
    Pneumonia
  8. Inflammation of one or more lobes of lung
    lobal pneumonia
  9. Infection of bronchioles, a bronchitis
    Bronchiectasis
  10. Influenzal pneumonia caused by an inhaled virus
    Viral pneumonia
  11. Inflammation of lining of lungs; smooth lining of lung become rough
    Pleurisy
  12. Collection of pus in pleural space
    Empyema
  13. Caused by inhalation of Mycobacterium; how its spread
    Tuberculosis (TB); spread by lesions; semitransparent nodular masses in tissue spread throughout body
  14. Inflammation of lungs or chronic induration (hardening or thickening of tissue) resulting from inhalation of dust (or mineral dust from non-fibrous materials)
    Pneumoconioses
  15. Airless condition of lungs due to collapse caused by obstruction of bronchus or bronchiole
    Atelectasis
  16. Lung disease which damages aveoli
    Emphysema
  17. Inflation of lungs with trapped air (or distention of air sacs of lungs by gas or air beyond normal size)
    Emphysema
  18. Pus in pleural cavity
    Hydrothorax
  19. Collapse of lungs
    Atelectasis
  20. COPD
    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  21. Most common type of lung cancer
    Cystic Fibrosis
  22. Inherited disease caused thick, sticky mucus to build up in lungs & digestive tract
    Cystic fibrosis
  23. Cyanosis is ___ discoloration of skin
    Bluish
  24. Edema of thoracic cavity
    Hydrothorax
  25. Formation of cavities in organ or tissue - frequently seen in lungs of people who have tuberculosis
    Cavitation
  26. Rhinitis is associated with ...
    Respiratory system & common cold
  27. Toxic condition caused by retention in blood of waste products normally excreted in urine
    Uremia
  28. Degenerative inflammation of glomeruli
    Glomerulonephritis
  29. suppurative inflammation of kidney and renal pelvis
    Acute pyelonephritis
  30. Inflammation of kidney pelvis
    Vesicouretic reflux
  31. Distension of pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys with urine as result of obstruction
    Hydronephrosis
  32. Kidney stones
    Renal calculi or renal colic
  33. Inflammation of ureter; infection of one or both ureters
    Ureteritis
  34. Inflammation of urinary bladder
    Cystitis
  35. Inflammation of urethra from any cause
    Urethritis
  36. Inherited kidney disorder, enlarges kidneys & interferes with function due to multiple cysts on kidneys
    Polycystic kidneys
  37. Decreased urine output; producing less than 500ml of urine in 24hrs
    Oliguria
  38. Total stoppage of urine production
    Anuria
  39. Pus in urine
    Pyuria
  40. Painful urination
    Cystitis
  41. Postmortem condition associated with renal failure
    Neutralizing ordiminshing effect of HCHO, increase secondary dilution (edema), vascular damage, increased capillary permeability, odor of urine in tissues
  42. Glucose in urine
    Glycosuria
  43. Coryza affects what system
    Respiratory
  44. Causes anthracosis
    Smoke or coal dust
  45. Inflammation of meninges
    Meningitis
  46. Excessive amount of cerebral spinal fluid
    Hydrocephalus
  47. Inflammation of brain
    Encephalitis
  48. Inflammation of spinal cord due to viral infection
    Myelitis
  49. Inflammation of grey matter of brain and spinal cord caused by virus
    Poliomyelitis
  50. Inflammarion of nerve by virus or bacterium
    Neuritis
  51. Recurrent seizures, transient neurological abnormalities caused by abnormal electrical activity in brain
    Epilepsy
  52. Seizure occurs in epilepsy; during childhood & adolescence; momentary loss of awareness lasting 30 seconds to 1 minute
    Petit mal epilepsy
  53. Muscles of extremities contract & relax, body stiffens, twiches, jerks uncontrollably; unconsciousness w/ loss of bladder & bowl control 3-5 minutes
    Grand mal epilepsy
  54. Disease of warm blooded animals that can be transmitted to humans through bites and scratches
    Rabies or hydrophobia
  55. Autommune disease that affects central nervous system
    Multiple sclerosis
  56. Disease of brain degeneration that appears gradually and progresses slowly and is recognized by tremors
    Parkinson's disease or "primary parkinsonism" or "idopathic"
  57. Most common form of dementia; some familial tendency to develop it
    Alzheimer's disease
  58. Disease of nonprogressive brain damage manifested by motor retardation and sometimes also mental retardation
    Cerebral palsy
  59. CVA; commonly known as
    Cerebrovascular Accident; "stroke"
  60. TIA
    • Sudden brief decrease in brain function
    • Transient Ischemic Attack
  61. Central nervous system disease caused by "slow virus" or "prion"
    Creutzfeldt - Jacob disease
  62. Transient disorder of nervous system resulting from violent blow on head
    Concussion
  63. Brain contusion
    Injury (bruise) of cerebral cortex due to blunt force to head
  64. Hemorrhage between dura mater and skull
    Extradural Hemorrhage
  65. Subdural hemorrhage
    Collection of blood on surface of brain
  66. Surface of brain may be torn by skull fracture causing...
    Extradural Hemorrhage
  67. Postmortem conditions associated with brain damage
    Infectious disease of NS; distended eyeballs & brain purge; hemorrhages; septicemia; atrophy
  68. Respiratory system
    • Mouth
    • Nose
    • Trachea
    • Lungs
    • Bronchi
    • Diaphragm
  69. Upper respiratory system components
    • Nasal cavity
    • Oral cavity
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Pharynx
    • Epiglottis
    • Esophagus
  70. Lower respiratory system components
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Lungs
    • Bronchiolus
    • Pleura
    • Diaphragm
  71. Two openings in underside of nose
    Nostrils or external nares
  72. Intermediate portion of pharynx
    Oropharynx
  73. Paired cone-shaped organs lying in thoracic cavity
    Lungs
  74. Surrounds lungs; serous membrane which folds back into itself to form 2 layered membrane structure
    Pleural membrane
  75. Breathing; exchange of gases
    Respiration
  76. Urinary system components
    • Kidneys
    • Ureters
    • Bladder
    • Sphincter
    • Urethra
  77. After kidneys filter blood and return most of water and solutes to bloodstream, what remains
    Urine
  78. Reddish and bean-shaped and lie just above waist between peritoneum and posterior wall of abdomen
    Kidneys
  79. Kidneys are said to be ___ in location
    Lateral
  80. Functional unit of kidney
    Nephron
  81. Tangled ball shaped capillary network within each nephron
    glomerulus
  82. Physical and/or chemical examination of urine
    Urinalysis
  83. Transport utine from renal pelvis of kidney to urinary bladder
    Ureters
  84. Hollow, distensible muscular organ situated in pelvic cavity posterior to pubic symphysis
    Bladder
  85. Branch of medical science that studies nervous system
    Neuroscience or neurology
  86. Most complex of all body systems
    Nervous system
  87. From base of brain emerge 12 pairs of...
    Cranial nerves
  88. Whitish fiber that transmits impulses of sensation to brain or spinal cord & other parts of body
    Nerve
  89. Connects to brain through foramen magnum of skull
    Spinal cord or brain stem
  90. 31 pairs, each serving specific region on right or left side of body
    Spinal nerves
  91. Nervous system is made up of ___ and ___ nervous systems
    Central and Peripheral
  92. Comproses central nervous system
    Brain & spinal cord
  93. Receiving portions of neurons; they look like...
    Dendrites; branches or spikes
  94. Region where nerve impulses are transmitted & received, encompassing axon terminal of neuron that releases neurotransmitters in response to impulse
    Synapse

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