Ch5 States of Consciousness

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Ch5 States of Consciousness
2012-04-06 09:05:44
Fund Psych

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  1. Stream of consciousness
    term used by William James to describe the mind as a continuous flow of changing sensations, images, thoughts, and feelings
  2. Consciousness
    An individual's awareness of external events and internal sensations under condition of arousal, including awareness of the self and thoughts about one's experiences
  3. Controlled Processes
    the most alert states of human consciousness, during which individuals actively focus their efforts individuals actively focus their efforts toward a goal.
  4. Automatic Processes
    States of consciousness that require little attention and do not interfere w other ongoing activities
  5. Unconscious Thought
    According to Freud, a reservoir of unacceptable wishes, feelings, and thoughts that are beyond conscious awareness; Freud's interpretation viewed the unconscious as a storehouse for vile thoughts
  6. Sleep
    a natural state of rest for the body and mind that involves the reversible loss of consciousness
  7. Biological Rhythms
    periodic physiological fluctations in the body, such as the rise and fall of hormones and accelerated and decelerated cycles of brain activity, that can influence behavior
  8. Circadian Rhythms
    Daily behavioral or physiological cycles. Daily circadian rhythms invove the sleep/wake cycle, body tem, blood pressure, and blood sugar level.
  9. Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN)
    a small brain structure that uses input from the retina to synchronize its own rhythm w the daily cycle of lights and dark; the mechanism by which the body monitors the change from day to night
  10. REM Sleep
    an active stage of sleep during which dreaming occurs
  11. Manifest Content
    according to Freud, the surface content of a dream, containing dream symbols that disguise the dream's true meaning
  12. Latent Content
    according to Freud, a dream's hidden content; its unconscious and true meaning
  13. Cognitive Theory of Dreaming
    Theory proposing that we can undesrtand dreaming by apllying the same cognitive concepts we use in studying the waking mind; rests on the idea that dreams are essentially subconcious cognitive processing involving info and memory
  14. Activation-Synthesis Theory
    Theory that dreaming occurs when the cerebral cortex synthesizes neural signals generated from activity in the lower part of the brain and that dreams result from the brain's attempts to find lgoic in radom brain activity that occurs during sleep
  15. Psychoactive Drugs
    Drugs that act on the nervous system to alter consciousness, modify perception, and change mood
  16. Tolerance
    the need to take increasing amounts of a drug to get the same effect
  17. Physical Dependence
    The physiological need for a drug that causes unpleasant withdrawal symptoms such as physical pain and craving for the drug when it is discontinued
  18. Psychological Dependence
    the strong desire to repeat the use of a drug for emotional reasons, such as a feeling of well-being and reduction of stress
  19. Addiction
    Either a physical or a psychological dependence, or both, on a drug
  20. Depressants
    Psychoactive drugs that slow down mental andphsical activity
  21. Alcoholism
    A disorder that involves longterm, repeated, uncontrolled, compulsive, and excessive use of alcoholic beverages and that impairs the drinker's health and social relationships
  22. Barbiturates
    Depressants drugs, such as Nembutal and Seconal, that decreases central nervous system activity
  23. Tranquilizers
    Depressant drugs, such as Valium and Xanax, that reduce anxiety and induce relaxation
  24. Opiates
    Opium and its dervatives narccotic drugs that depress activity in the central nervous system and elminate pain
  25. Stimulants
    Psychoactive drugs that increase the central nervous systems activity.The most widely used stimulants are caffeine, nicotine, amphetamines, and cocaine
  26. Hallucinogens
    Also called psychedellics, psychoactive drugs that modify a person's perceptual experiences and produce visual images that are not real
  27. Hypnosis
    An altered stae of mind consciousness or a psycholgical stae of altered attention and expectation in which the individual is unusually receptive to suggestions
  28. Divided Consciousness View of Hypnosis
    Hilgard's view that hypnosis involves a splitting of consciousness into two separate components, one of which follows the hypnotist's commands and the other of which acts as a "hidden observer"
  29. Social Cognitive Behavior View of Hypnosis
    Theory that hypnosis is normal state in which the hypnotized is a normal state in which the hypnotized person behaves the way he or she believes that a hypnotized person should behave