Stress, Personality, Coping and Illness
- Stress is a system of interdependent processes that are moderated by the nature, intensity, and duration of the stressor and coping efficacy of the affected individual, all of which in turn mediate the psychologic and physiologic response to stress.
- Personality characteristics are associated with individual differences in appraisal and response to stressors.
- Coping styles associated with altered immunity include repression, denial, escape-avoidance, and concealment.
- Many studies have linked psychologic distress with altered immune function, and there is now evidence that strengthens the association of stress with potential for illness in humans.