PSYC 325

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PSYC 325
2012-04-07 18:30:49
Social Psych Chapter

Chapter 9: Interpersonal Relationships
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  1. What is the propinquity effect?
    the finding that the more we see and interact with people, the more likely theyare to become our friends
  2. What is the mere exposure effect?
    the finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the more we like it.Unless our general feelings towards someone are negative, familiarity generallybreeds attraction and liking.
  3. What is reciprocal liking?
    when you like someone and that person likes you. requires that you like yourself in the first place because negative self concepts tend to be skeptical that other people will even like them
  4. What is the misattribution of arousal?
    the process whereby people make mistaken inferences about what is causing themto feel the way they do because the source of arousal is often difficult topinpoint
  5. What is companionate love?
    the feelings of intimacy and affection we feel for another person about whom wecare deeply. Most often experienced in nonsexual relationships such as closefriendships, family relationships but can also be experienced in sexualrelationships.
  6. What is passionate love?
    feelings of intense, longing accompanied with physiological arousal we feel foranother person. When reciprocated we feel fulfilled, when its not we feeldespair.
  7. What is attachment theory?
    the theory that our behaviour in adult relationships is based on ourexperiences as infants with our parents or caregivers. People developexpectations about relationships based on their interactions with primary caregiver.
  8. What is social exchange theory?
    the theory that how people feel about a relationship is determined by theirpercieved reward, cost, outcome, and compairison level for alternatives
  9. What is the reward/cost ratio?
    the balence of costs and benefits in a relationship. If the costs outweigh thebenefits the result is dissatisfaction with the relationship
  10. What is a comparison level?
    Peoples expectations about whatthey deserve in terms ofrewards and costs in a relationship
  11. What is the comparison level for alternatives?
    the expectations people have about the level of rewards and punishments they would receive in an alternative relationship
  12. What is the investment model of close relationships?
    the theory that commitment to a relationship is determined by satisfaction withthe relationship in terms of rewards, costs, comparisons level and comparisonlevel to alternatives and how much of what they invested in the relationshipwould lost if they left their relationship
  13. What is equity theory? (hint: you get what you give)
    the theory that people are happiest with relationships in which rewards andcosts that a person experiences and contributions he or she makes are roughlyequal to the rewards, costs, and contributions of the other person.
  14. What are exchange relationships?
    relationships that are governed by the need for equity (i.e. for a comparableratio of rewards and costs). Experienced between casual friends oraquaintences.
  15. What are communal relationships?
    relationships in which peoples primary concern is being responsive to the otherpersons needs. They believe that things will balence out in the long run. Ifhowever there is a chronic imbalance, the relationship may suffer. More oftenoccuring in romantic and long term relationships.
  16. What is the commitment calibration hypothesis?
    the hypothesis that whether adversity has a pos or negative effect on a relationship is relative to the level of adversity and the level of commitment to the relationship. Mainly, if the level of adversity is lower than the level of commitment than the relationship will NOT be threatened. e.g. minor problems have little effect on long term relationships.
  17. What are positive illusions?
    Idealization of our romantic relationships and partners in order to maintainthe relationship.