20-2 Schools of Judaism under the Hasmoneans and Romans

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Author:
kang
ID:
146444
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20-2 Schools of Judaism under the Hasmoneans and Romans
Updated:
2012-04-08 19:38:32
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Biblical Theology
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Identify Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes
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  1. not priests, but lay teachers and experts in the law
    Pharisees
  2. demanded strict obedience to all the laws in the Pentateuch - they counted 613 such laws
    Pharisees
  3. accepted the Torah, but also an "oral law" built on the traditions and teachings of the great scribes and teachers since the days of Ezra
    Pharisees
  4. believed in doctrines not in the Pentateuch, including: resurrection of the dead, reward and punishment in the life to come; angels
    Pharisees
  5. stressed human freedom under God's care, and the ability to do good works of the law
    Pharisees
  6. hoped for a coming messiah who would restore the freedom and glory fo Israel
    Pharisees
  7. generally opposed any pagan influence
    Pharisees
  8. an elite group of priests and princes
    Sadducees
  9. tended to compromise with kings and foreign rulers, including Rome, in order to preserve peace and the temple in Jerusalem
    Sadducees
  10. insisted that only the Pentateuch was binding law
    Sadducees
  11. disappeared following the war with Rome in 66-70 AD
    Sadducees
  12. come from Hasmonean rulers
    Sadducees
  13. lived a community life with shared possessions in a monastic compound north of the Dead Sea
    Essenes
  14. frequently used water in rites for cleansing and intitiation
    Essenes
  15. lived in celibacy, convinced that the final times had come
    Essenes
  16. looked for the coming of two messiahs: the Messiahs of Aaron (a priest) and of Israel (a politial leader)
    Essenes
  17. rejected the worship in the temple and broke with the Sadducees over the Sadducees' acceptance of Hasmoneans as high priests
    Essenes
  18. their belief and practices came to be more clearly known theorugh the Dead Sea Scrolls found in the caves around Qumran in 1947
    Essenes

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