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have a (moderate⇔extreme) temper
an excessive amount of time
drive at excessive speeds
The tuition is excessive.
He moderated his demands.
He declined to sign.
I am sorry to decline your kind offer.
［III[名]/to do］…を（穏やかに）断る, 辞退する（▼ふつう完了不定詞・完了動名詞はとらない）.
He refused my offer for no good reason.
decline with thanks
His reputation is declining.
live up to one's reputation
She has a reputation for being late.
lose ［build］ one's reputation
gain ［establish, earn, make］ a reputation
a crude sketch
not developed to a high standard, or made with little skill
not exact or without any detail, but generally correct and useful
before it is made more pure or separated into different products
What is the approximate number of students in each class?
These percentages are only approximate.
The plane will be landing in approximately 20 minutes.
How much do think it will cost, approximately?
The report is approximate to the truth.
approximate a solution
The crowd approximated 20,000 people.
approximate one's performance to perfection
His sketches of the war approximate reality.
approximate to the truth
His annual income closely approximates to 20,000 dollars.
She is very exact in her behavior.
Private morality, in crude terms, is not the law's business
in crude terms：expressed in a simple way
surge forward/through etc
The taxi surged forward
The crowd surged through the gates.
(v)to suddenly move very quickly in a particular direction
She could feel anger surging inside her.
a surge of sadness
（ｖ）also surge up； if a feeling surges or surges up, you begin to feel it very strongly
A wave surged up towards them.
Adrenalin surged through her veins.
(v)if a large amount of a liquid, electricity, chemical etc surges, it moves very quickly and suddenly:
Switzerland is a federal republic.
(adj)a federal country or system of government consists of a group of states which control their own affairs, but which are also controlled by a single national government which makes decisions on foreign affairs, defence etc:連合の・連邦の