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The 20's are also know as the Jazz age. It came from the South. It is an example of American culture spreading around the world.
This was a time when people basically said, "We are going to Party!!". A republican promised to return to normalcy.
These were the 20's party girls. They wore make up, smoked, basically were just party girls.
The idea that everything that is said in the Bible needed to be taken literally. It got its name from a book called The Fundamentals Of Religion.
The 18th Amendment goes into affect Jan 1, 1920. This is a nationwide dry, there is no legal sale of alcoholic beverages. This is later repealed by the 21st Amendment.
Fear of foreigners. We severely restrict who comes into the US. People celebrated 100% Americanism. (White and Protestant) was 100% American, it was the only way to be. This is wrong.
He was the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean. It was a single engine plane. This happened in 1927, he became very famous after he does this and is kidnapped and killed in the 30s.
Sounthern College football was looked down upon in the 20s. Alabama played its first non-southern team Penn and won. They were invited to the NC, on Jan 1, 1926. They played Washington and won. The South saw this as a vindication.
Won a Nobel Prize for literature, and wrote lots of stories.
F. Scott Fizgerald
Wrote short stories and novels. The Great Gatsby is said to be one of the best novels of all time and he wrote it. Was also a soldier in WW1.
Wrote journalism and scholarly works. He edited a magazine.
Boston Police Strike
This happened in 1919. Calvin Coolidge is the governor os Mass, when the strike takes place. The mayor Boston ends up firing all of the protesting police.
Being the governor of Boston during the BPS gave him national attention and eventually puts him into the Presidency.
A. Mitchell Palmer
He was the Attorney General. A mail bomb is sent to his home and his maids open it and it blows her hands off. He goes after any and all radicals.
On Jan 2, 1920, numerous raids across America take place. They attacked and arrested communist and radicals. 1000s of agents were in on this. Palmer predicted on May 1, 1920 that lots of incidents would occur. Nothing happened though and this hurt his chances for getting the democrat nomination.
These are two italian immigrants who come to America prior to WW1. They are radicals and anarchist preaching revolution. They rob and murder a Mass man. They are tried and convicted and are sentenced to death and are electrocuted. They did not recieve a fair trial, they are more so convicted on their beliefs rather than evidence.
This is race riots, racial violence, and lynching. A lot of black Americans are leaving the South and going North. This leads to racial resentment. This all contributes to the new KKK.
Ku Klux Klan (#2)
- This is a national thing not just a southern thing.
- The clan was very violent.
- There was an incident in Blount County, Alabama.
- 1) This kid was 18-19 years old, and was mentally challenged and they beat him
- 2) The clan hated Chinese restaurants and targeted them and ran them off
- 3) When the 20s are over the clan is over, it just dies out.
William Joseph Simmons
He saw the "Birth of a Nation" movie, that was about the book "The Clansman" and seen the burning cross. So him and his buddy go out and burn one. He is the first imperial Wizard of the new clan. Eventually Simmons is edged out.
He becomes the new imperial wizard. He brought about the spread of the clan, millions of people join it. Generally clan members were working men. They saw themselves as protecting America, protecting the 100% Americanism.
The leader of this crusade was Bryan. He was a 3 time runner for the presidency. He retired to South Florida. Bryan authors a law, prohibiting the teaching of biological evoultion in his home town of Nebraska. He urged other states to pass this law. Tennessee does in 1925.
Scopes "Monkey" Trial
- 1925, takes place in Dayton, TN. A northern noble biology teacher who is going to teach evolution in his classroom, and then we have this trial.
- This was all a setup. The leaders of the community wanted Dayton to grow as an outcome of this case. They got John Scopes, who was actually a PE teacher. Scopes subbed for the biology teacher and taught the theory of evolution.
- The ACLU hires Clarence Darrow to be Scopes' Lawyer. Darrow is a phenomenal lawyer. The state of TN got Bryan to head the prosecution team. The only thing Darrow and Bryan differed upon was religion. The whole world watched this show. A guy brought in monkeys to Dayton, and his apes would smoke. Darrow asks Bryan to witness. He said he wanted Bryan's expertise on scripture. Darrow twisted Bryan. He made a fool out of Bryan. Bryan dies 3 days later. Scopes was found guilty. The case didn't make it to the Supreme Court. It was overturned because the judge in TN charged him 100 dollars and the maximum under the law was 50 dollars.
American Civil Liberties Union. They advertised for people to break the laws about anti-evolution. Thise people wanted to dismiss prayer from everything. Wanted someone to break the laws, so they could take it to court to see if they could win.
Prohibition, you cannot manufacture and sell alcohol.
Secret bars, or basically an illegal night club.
He was from the Chicago Area. He was the crime boss of the Chigago Area. They got him on taxes, and had what is called The St. Valentine's Day Massacre, where 7 men were machine gunned down. This contributed to Chicago's bad reputation.
- Wet you can sell alcohol.
- Dry you cannot sell alcohol.