Intentional behaviour aimed at causing either physical or psychological pain. e.g. someone throws a beer bottle at your head with the INTENTION of hurting you.
What is hostile aggression?
an acting of aggression stemming from feelings of anger and aimed at inflicting pain.
What is instrumental aggression?
Aggression as a means to some goal other than causing pain. E.g. a defensive linebacker who will inflict pain on the blocker if it is beneficial to do so (to knock the ball out of play)
What is Eros?
the instinct toward life, positied by Freud
What is Thanatos?
according to Freud, an instinctual drive towards death, leading to aggressive actions
What is the amygdala?
an area in the core of the brain taht is associated with aggressive behaviour
What is serotonin?
a chemical in the brain that may inhibit aggressive impulses
What is testosterone?
a male sex hormone associated with aggression
What is frustration-aggression theory?
the theory that frustration- the perception that you are being prevented from obtaining a goal- will increase the probability of an aggressive response.
What is relative deprivation ?
the perception that you have less than you deserve, less than what you have been led to expect or less than what people similar to you have. e.g. Canadian policewomen believe they are excluded from opportunities available to policemen.
What is an aggressive stimulus?
an object that is associated with aggressive response (e.g. a gun) and whose mere presence can increase the probability of aggression. For example, those made angry in the prescence of a gun administered more intense electric shocks, than those in the presence of a badminton racket.
What is social learning theory in aggression?
the theory that we learn social behaviour (agression) by observing others and imitating them
What is catharsis?
the notion that "blowing off steam" by performing an aggressive act will relieve built up aggression and reduce the likelihood of further aggressive behaviour. However, it seems that it increases aggression instead of reducing. E.g. participating in an aggressive sport and watching an aggressive sport increases rather than reduces aggression