21-4 Matthew: The Bridge between OT and NT
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Why is Matthew the first book of the NT?
because it forms a bridge between the NT and the OT
What is the purpose of Matthew in writing the Gospel?
to prove to his fellow Jews that Jesus is the One to whom all the prophets point. Jesus is the Messiah, the Christ, the King of the Jews.
On how many occasions does Matthew call Jesus the "Son of David"?
What does Matthew begin his Gospel with?
a Genealogy tracing Jesus' ancestry to David
What is the setting/environment of Mathew's Gospel?
a very Jewish environment in which OT prophecies and religious practices are a constant force
How many quotations from and references to OT does the Gospel of Matthew contain?
40 quotations and 60 other references to OT prophecies
Whom did the early Christians attribute the authorship of the Gospel of Matthew to?
the apostle Matthew and only to Matthew
What was Matthew's profession prior to being called to follow Jesus?
He was a tax collector.
How many sections is the Matthean genealogy divided into?
- 3 sections:
- the first beginning with Abraham
- the second beginning with David
- the third beginning with Babylonian exile
Who was the first recipient of promise concerning the Jewish people?
When was the kingship of David broken?
in 586 BC, when Babylon conquered Judah and deported its people
What does the reference to Babylonian exile in the Gospel of Mathew recall?
It recalls the tragedy of the Chosen People's unfaithfulness to the Lord and the great uncertainty in which Jews found themselves at the time of Christ.
Through whom did God promise the restoration of the Davidic line?
through his prophets
What was the status of the Israelites at the time of Jesus?
At the time of Jesus, the Israelites were a conquered people living under the rule of the Romans, with only a foreign puppet king (Herod) in place.
Where in the Gospel of Matthew is the Sermon of the Mount located?
Who fulfills God's covenant with Abraham, making him the man through whom all nations would be blessed?
Jesus fulfills God's covenant with Abraham by his salvific death to be preached to all the nations.
How does Jesus fulfill God's covenant with Moses?
In Jesus, the new Moses, this covenant is fulfilled and transformed: Jesus gives a new Law and a new Promised Land--the kingdom of heaven.
Which covenant is especially emphasized in Matthew?
How does Jesus fulfill God's covenant with David?
Jesus ushered in a new kingdom of God not circumscribed by the geographical boundaries of the Promised Land. Rather, it is ruled by Jesus and is found in the Church, governed by Peter.
How does Jesus recapitulate Israel's history in his own life?
- Herod's attempt to kill Jesus through murdering the male infants of Bethlehem mirrors the scheme of Pharaoh destroying the hope of Israel by killing its male children.
- Like Israel and his children, Jesus must flee the Promised Land to live in Egypt.
- In his forty days in the desert, Jesus demonstrates a perfect faithfulness to Yahweh, in contrast to the disobedience of Israel during their forty-year sojourn there.
How does Matthew move from an account of Jesus' place within Jewish history to the fulfillment of Israel's messianic hopes in the conversion of the whole world?
- The shepherds are Jewish, and as such echo th Davidic roots of Jesus' royal office.
- The Magi foreshadow the acceptance of Christianity among the Gentiles. The Magi also point to the climax of Matthew, the Great Commission, at which point Jesus will send out his disciples to baptize all nations.
- Throughout Matthew's Gospel, other Gentiles will respond positively to the Jewish Messiah coming to save all men, in contrast to many Jews who seek to destroy him.
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