MedtermSec2

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Author:
AmieDawn12
ID:
146648
Filename:
MedtermSec2
Updated:
2012-04-09 19:52:23
Tags:
human body anatomy physiology
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Description:
human body anatomy and physiology
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  1. ana-
    up, toward, apart
  2. bi-
    two
  3. epi-
    upon, over, above, on top
  4. hypo-
    under, below normal
  5. uni-
    one
  6. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  7. anteri/o
    anter/o
    front
  8. brachi/o
    arm
  9. card/o
    cardi/o
    heart
  10. caud/o
    tail
  11. cephal/o
    head
  12. cervic/o
    • cervix
    • neck
  13. chondr/o
    chondri/o
    • gristle
    • cartilage
  14. chron/o
    time
  15. cran/o
    crani/o
    • skull
    • cranium
  16. dist/o
    away
  17. dors/o
    back
  18. eti/o
    cause (of disease)
  19. femor/o
    thigh
  20. gastr/o
    stomach
  21. gen/o
    • formation
    • cause
    • produce
  22. glut/o
    buttock
  23. hom/o
    home/o
    • sameness
    • unchanging
  24. iatri/o
    iatr/o
    to heal
  25. idi/o
    • person
    • self
  26. ili/o
    • flank
    • hip
    • groin
  27. infect/o
    • to enter
    • invade
  28. inferi/
    infer/o
    below
  29. inguin/o
    groin
  30. later/o
    side
  31. lumb/o
    • loin
    • lower back
  32. medi/o
    middle
  33. path/o
    disease
  34. pelv/o
    • pelvis
    • washbasin
  35. physi/o
    nature
  36. posteri/o
    poster/o
    • back
    • behind
  37. proxim/o
    near to a point of reference
  38. spin/o
    spine or thorn
  39. superi/o
    super/o
    above
  40. thorac/o
    • chest
    • thorax
  41. tom/o
    cut
  42. umbilic/o
    navel
  43. ventr/o
    • front
    • belly
  44. -ad
    toward
  45. -al
    pertaining to
  46. -ar
    pertaining to
  47. -ic
    pertaining to
  48. -ion
    pertaining to
  49. -or
    pertaining to
  50. -stasis
    standing still
  51. -y
    process of
  52. Ana/tom/y
    • The study of body structure
    • -action of cutting up
  53. Physi/o/logy
    • The study of body function
    • -study of nature
  54. Homeostasis
    maintaining internal stability
  55. Atoms and molecules
    nonliving particles that are capable of combining with one another to form more complex structures
  56. Cells
    most basic living unit
  57. Tissues
    combination of similar cells that share a common goal
  58. Organs
    combination of 2+ different types of tissues forming a structure that performs a general function
  59. Organ systems
    combination of organs and associated structures that share a common goal
  60. Organism
    whole, complete human body that is capable of survival
  61. Integumentary
    skin
  62. Skeletal
    bones, joints
  63. Muscular
    muscles
  64. Nervous
    brain, spinal cord, nerves
  65. Endocrine
    pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, thymus, gonads
  66. Cardiovascular
    heart, blood vessels
  67. Lymphatic
    spleen, lymphatic vessels
  68. Respiratory
    nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
  69. Digestive
    tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, salivary glands, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, rectum
  70. Urinary
    kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
  71. Reproductive
    • Male-testes, epididymus, vas deferens, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, bulbourethral glands
    • Female-ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, vestibular glands
  72. Fever
    symptom in which body temp rises above normal 98
  73. Pain
    unpleasant sensory and emotional experience that is associated with tissue damage
  74. Sensation
    feeling or mental experience of perceiving any stimulus
  75. Sign
    abnormality that is discoverable by an objective examination
  76. Symptom
    appearance or sensation experienced by a patient that deviates from that of the normal, healthy tissue
  77. Acute
    a disease of short duration and often with a sharp, or severe, effect
  78. Chronic
    disease of long duration, usually with a slow progression
  79. Disease
    state of the body in which homeostasis has faultered du to any cause
  80. Iatrogenic
    disease that is induced by medical treatment
  81. Idiopathic
    disease of unknown cause
  82. Infection
    multiplication of parasitic organisms with the body, ie bacteria, viruses, fungi
  83. Inflammation
    response to a trauma that is marked by symptoms of redness, swelling, heat, pain
  84. Sequelae
    conditions following and resulting from a disease
  85. Trauma
    wound or injury
  86. Pathology
    study of disease
  87. Pathologist
    physiscian who specializes in disease
  88. Diagnosis
    determination of the nature of disease
  89. Etiology
    study of causes of disease
  90. Examination
    evaluation made for purpose of diagnosis by id physical evidence of disease, signs and symptoms
  91. Prognosis
    forecast of probable cause or outcome
  92. CAT
    computed axial tomography
  93. PET
    position emission tomography
  94. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging

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