21-5 MT: The Gospel of the Kingdom and the Gospel of the Church

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21-5 MT: The Gospel of the Kingdom and the Gospel of the Church
2012-04-09 20:56:42
Biblical Theology

Study Notes
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  1. Why is Matthew's Gospel rightly called the Gospel of the Kingdom?
    • Mt emphasizes Jesus' kingly traits and authority.
    • Mt uses the word "kingdom" (basileia) over 50 times and "kingdom of heaven" 32 times.
  2. What is the Greek word for "kingdom"?
  3. How is the kingdom and kingship ushered by Jesus new?
    Jesus was not a "king" like any other king with political power mustered for the military defeat of Israel's enemies. Rather he is a king who come to serve.
  4. How is the theme of the "kingdom of God" portrayed in the OT?
    The Lord is presented as King, but his divine kingdom is not a central theme.
  5. What element of Jesus does Mt emphasize?
    Mt emphasize Jesus' authority.
  6. How is Mt's Gospel the Gospel of the Church?
    • Mt has from the earliest time been the Gospel most used by the Church in its worship, and in consequence, it has been the most frequently preached and commented upon.
    • Mt is the only Gospel to use the word "church".
    • Mt shows Jesus providing clear and coherent guidance to a community of believers.
  7. What is the only Gospel that uses the word "church"?
  8. What is the Greek word for "church" and what does it mean?
    Gk. ekklesia originally means "assembly" or "congregation".
  9. How does Jesus provide clear and coherent guidance to a community of believers?
    He appoints Peter as the "rock" or foundation and ruler.
  10. With what structure does Matthew emphasize Jesus' giving his authority to the apostles?
    CHIASTIC structure (CHIASM)
  11. What is Chiasm?
    Chiasm refers to the biblical style of repeating words or phrases in a mirrored form, such as ABCDEDCBA. The middle element (here, the E) is the one to which the author is calling attention.
  12. The movement of Matthew's narrative
    • Mt 1-9: Jesus establishes who He is and his authority through his words and deeds.
    • Mt 10: That very authority of Jesus is now given to the twelve apostles.
    • Mt 16: That authority is underlined when Jesus gives Simon the "keys of the kingdom of heaven" and changes his name to Peter or "Rock".
  13. What do the passages in Mt 16:17-19 indicate?
    • These passages indicate how Christ's presence is to be communicated to his followers throughout history.
    • Jesus is not a merely historical figure, relegated to the distant past, about whose life we merely tell stories.
    • Rather, Jesus is ever-present (first and foremost because of his Resurrection), and this presence is made available to all through his Church, which has received his authority.
  14. What did Jesus name Peter in Mt 16:13-20?
  15. What is the etymology of the name "Peter"?
    Gk. petra (a feminine noun), meaning "Rock"
  16. What does the word "petra" become when applied to Peter?
    It is given the masculine ending (because Peter is male) and becomes petros.
  17. What is "rock" or Peter in Aramaic?
  18. What was the language that Jesus spoke?