NALA Prep - Latin Terms

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  1. a fortiori
    with stronger reason
  2. a priori
    from what goes before; from the cause to the effect
  3. ab initio
    from the beginning
  4. actiones in personam
    personal actions
  5. ad curiam
    before the court; to the court
  6. ad damnum clause
    to the dame; clause of complaint which states plaintiff's monetary loss
  7. ad faciendum
    to do
  8. ad hoc
    for this purpose; for this occasion
  9. ad litem
    for the suit; for the litigation
  10. ad rem
    to the thing at hand
  11. ad valorem
    • according to the value
    • example: an ad valorem tax
  12. adversus
    • against
    • i.e. defendant adv. plaintiff
  13. aggregatio menium
    meeting of minds (relates to formation of contracts)
  14. alias dictus
    • otherwise called; also known as
    • as in an assumed name
  15. alibi
    in another place; elsewhere
  16. aliunde
    • from another place; from without
    • as in evidence outside the document
  17. alter ego
    the other self
  18. amicus curiae
    • friend of the court
    • as an amicus curiae brief filed with an appellate court
  19. animo
    with intention, disposition, design, will
  20. animus
    mind; intention
  21. ante litem motam
    before suit brought; before litigation is filed
  22. arguendo
    in the course of the argument; for the sake of argument
  23. assumpsit
    he undertook; he promised
  24. bona fide
    good faith
  25. capias
    take; arrest
  26. capita
    persons; heads
  27. causa mortis
    by reason of death
  28. caveat
    beware; a warning
  29. caveat emptor
    let the buyer beware
  30. certiorari
    • send the pleadings up (from an inferior court to a superior court)
    • U.S. Supreme Court uses writ of certiorari to review most cases
  31. cestui
    • beneficiaries
    • pronounced "setty"
  32. cestui que trust
    beneficiaries of the trust
  33. circa
    in the area of; about; concerning
  34. compos mentis
    of sound mind
  35. consortium
    union of lots or chances; conjugal fellowship of husband and wife
  36. contra
  37. coram nobis
    before us ourselves
  38. corpus
  39. corpus delicti
    body of the offense; essence of the crime
  40. cum testamento annexo
    with the will annexed
  41. datum (pl., data)
    • a thing given; information
    • a date
  42. de facto
    in fact; in deed; actually
  43. de jure
    of right; lawful
  44. de novo
    anew; afresh
  45. de son tort
    of his own wrong
  46. dies non
    not a day
  47. duces tecum
    • bring with you
    • example: subpoena duces tecum
  48. dum bene se gesserit
    while he shall conduct himself; during good behavior
  49. e converso
    conversely; on the other hand
  50. en banc
    • in the bench; all judges present
    • example: a three-judge panel sits individually or en banc
  51. eo instanti
    upon the instant
  52. erratum (pl., errata)
  53. et alii
    • and others
    • example: Smith, et al. v. Jones
  54. et sequentia
    • and as follows
    • et. seq.
  55. et ux
    and wife
  56. et vir
    and husband
  57. ex delicto
    (arising) from a tort
  58. ex gratia
    as a matter of favor
  59. ex officio
    from office; by virtue of his office
  60. ex parte
    one side only; by or for one party only
  61. ex post facto
    after the fact
  62. facto
    in fact; in or by the law
  63. felonice
  64. fiat
    let it be done; a short order that a thing be done
  65. fieri
    to be made up; to become
  66. fieri facias
    cause to be made [writ directing sheriff to reduce judgment debtor's property to money (sell it) for the amount of the judgment]
  67. flagrante delicto
    in the very act of committing the crime
  68. forum non conveniens
    discretionary power of a court to decline jurisdiction over a case when the court believes it should be tried elsewhere for convenience of parties and witnesses
  69. gravis
    serious; of importance
  70. habeas corpus
    you have the body (writ directed to custodian of a person commanding said custodian to produce such person)
  71. habendum clause
    • that part of deed which begins "to have and to hold"
    • defines extent of ownership
  72. honorarium
    honorary fee or gift; compensation from gratitude
  73. idem
    the same as above (id.)
  74. iden sonans
    • having the same sound
    • as names sounding alike but spelled differently
  75. in curia
    in court
  76. in esse
    in being; existence
  77. in forma pauperis
    permission given to a poor person to sue without liability for court costs
  78. infra
    beneath; below
  79. in limine
    at the beginning; threshold
  80. in loco parentis
    in place of a parent; one charged with a parent's rights and obligations
  81. in pari delicto
    in equal fault
  82. in personam
    personally against the person
  83. in praesenti
    at once; now
  84. in re
    in the matter
  85. in rem
    proceedings against a thing (a bank account or real estate) distinguished from those against a person
  86. in speci
    in the same of in similar form
  87. instanter
  88. inter alia; inter alias
    among other things; between other persons
  89. inter se
    among themselves
  90. inter vivos
    between the living; from one person to another
  91. in toto
    in the whole; completely
  92. in transitu
    in transit
  93. intra
    within; inside
  94. ipse dixit
    • he himself said (it)
    • as an assertion made but not proved
  95. ipso facto
    by the fact itself
  96. ita est
    so it is
  97. jura personarum
    right of a person; rights of persons
  98. jura rerum
    rights of things
  99. jure divino
    by divine right
  100. jure uxoris
    in his wife's right
  101. jus (pl. jura)
    law; right; laws collectively
  102. jus ad rem
    a right to a thing
  103. jus commune
    the common law; the common right
  104. jus gentium
    the law of nations; international law
  105. just habendi
    the right to have a thing
  106. jus tertii
    the right of a third party; the rights of another person
  107. levari facias
    cause to be levied; a writ of execution
  108. lex
  109. lex loci
    law of the place where the cause of action arose
  110. lis pendens
    • litigation pending
    • as in a lis pendens filed with real estate records to notify the world that the real estate is involved in litigation
  111. locus delicti
    the place of the crime or of the tort
  112. locus sigilii (L.S.)
    the place for the seal
  113. mala
  114. mala fides
    bad faith
  115. mala in se
    wrong in itself; an act which is morally wrong
  116. mala praxis
  117. mala prohibita
    acts declared as criminal by statute (i.e. failure to file a report) though not wrong in themselves (i.e. theft)
  118. mala animo
    with evil intent
  119. mandamus
    we commend; a writ used to compel an official to perform an act which she is required to perform
  120. manu forti
    with a strong hand; forcible entry
  121. mens rea
    guilty mind; most crimes require the element of intent
  122. nihil dicit
    • he says nothing
    • as in a default judgment against a defendant who does not raise a defesne in the action
  123. nil
    nothing; of no account
  124. nil debet
    he owes nothing
  125. nisi prius
    • unless before
    • used to distinguis the court where trial was held from the appellate court
  126. nolle prosequi
    • unwilling to prosecute (a crime)
    • prosecuter's discretion not to file charges in a particular case
  127. nolo contendere
    I will not contest it
  128. non
  129. non assumpsit
    plea in defense; that he did not promise
  130. non compos mentis
    not of sound mind
  131. non est factum
    it is not his deed
  132. non obstante
  133. non sequitur
    it does not follow
  134. nota bene (N.B.)
    note well; take notice
  135. nudum pactum
    nude pact; bare agreement which lacks the consideration to form a valid contract
  136. nul tort
    no wrong done
  137. nulla bona
    • no goods
    • wording used on the return of a writ fieri facias
  138. nunc pro tunc
    • now for then
    • as in an order nunc pro tunc to correct clerical error in a previous order
  139. obiter dictum
    remark which is not central to the main issue
  140. onus probandi
    the burden of proof
  141. opus (pl., opera)
    work; labor
  142. ore tenus
    • by word of mouth; orally
    • as in a motion ore tenus
  143. pari delicto
    in equal guilt
  144. pari passu
    by equal progress; ratably; equitably without preference
  145. pater familias
    father of the family
  146. peculium
    private property
  147. pendens
  148. pendente lite
    pending the suit; during litigation
  149. per annum
    annual; by the year
  150. per capita
    by the head; equally
  151. per contra
    in opposition
  152. per curiam
    by the court
  153. per diem
    by the day
  154. per se
    by itself; taken alone
  155. per stirpes
    by representation; by the roots or stocks for purposes of inheritance
  156. post
    after; later
  157. post-factum
    after the fact; after the even
  158. post-obit
    to take effect after death
  159. praecipe
    • writ commanding a person to do some act or to appear and show cause why she should not do so
    • order to clerk of court to issue a summons or execution on judgment already rendered
  160. prima facie
    at first sight; on the face of it
  161. pro bono
    free of charge; without cost
  162. pro forma
    as a matter of form
  163. pro hac vice
    for this occasion
  164. pro rata
    according to the rate or proportion
  165. pro se
    appearing for oneself; personally
  166. pro tanto
    for so much; to that extent
  167. pro tempore
    for the time being; temporarily
  168. prochein ami
    next friend
  169. publici juris
    of public right
  170. pur autre vie
    for or during the life of another
  171. quaere
    question; doubt
  172. quantum
    how much; the amount
  173. quare
  174. quare clausum fregit
    breaking the close; trespass
  175. quasi
    as if; as if it were
  176. quid pro quo
    • what for what; something for something
    • as in consideration for a contract
  177. quo warranto
    by what right or authority
  178. res
    thing; obejct; subject matter
  179. res gestae
    things done; excited utterance
  180. res ipsa loquitur
    the thing speaks for itself
  181. respondeat superior
    let the master answer
  182. scienter
    knowledge; awareness
  183. scilicet
    • to wit; that is to say; namely
    • SS or ss
  184. scintilla
    a spark; the least particle
  185. scire facias
    • cause to know; give notice
    • writ used to revive a judgment that has expired (dormant)
  186. secundum
    according to
  187. se defendendo
    in self-defense
  188. semper
  189. seriatim
    severally; separately
  190. sic
    • thus; so; in such manner
    • used to indicate an error in original, quoted material
  191. sigillum
    a seal
  192. sine
  193. sine die
    without a day; without a specific day assigned for a future meeting
  194. sine qua non
    that without which a thing cannot occur; indispensable condition or part
  195. stare decisis
    to abide by decided cases
  196. status quo
    state in which; present state
  197. sua sponte
    voluntarily; of his own will and motion
  198. sub nomine
    under the name of; in the name of; under the title of
  199. sub silentio
    under silence; without any notice being taken
  200. sui generis
    of its own kind or class; the only one of a kind; unique
  201. sui juris
    of his own right; having legal capacity to act for himself
  202. supersedeas
    • superseding
    • as in the bond that accompanies a writ commanding a stay of proceedings pending appeal
  203. supra
    above; cited in full above
  204. tener
    to hold; to keep
  205. terminus a quo
    the starting point
  206. ultra
    beyond; in excess of; outside of
  207. ultra vires
    without power; beyond the powers of
  208. venire facias
    that you cause to come; a type of summons
  209. versus
    against (i.e. plaintiff v. defendant)
  210. videlicet (viz.)
    it is easy to see; that is to say; namely
  211. vi et armis
    by force and arms
  212. vis-a-vis
    one who (that which) is face-to-face with another
  213. vivos
  214. voir dire
    to speak the truth; the process used to select jurors
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NALA Prep - Latin Terms
Latin words for NALA/paralegal exam
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