chapter 29

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Author:
whylove0001
ID:
146696
Filename:
chapter 29
Updated:
2012-04-10 22:56:04
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cp 29
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Description:
promoting urinary elimination
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  1. how many times a day do infants void?
    5-40x
  2. how many times a day do preschool void?
    q 2 hr
  3. how many times a day do adults void?
    5-10
  4. how many ml does the male void ?
    300-500ml
  5. females avg void?
    250ml
  6. the hourly urine output should at least be?
    30ml
  7. this amount reflects adequate kidney perfusion q 24 hr ?
    720ml
  8. which structures are involved in urinary elimination?
    • 1.kidneys
    • 2.ureters
    • 3.bladder
    • 4.urethra
    • 5.urinary meatus
    • 6.internal & external urinary spinchters
    • 7.bowmans capsules
    • 8.system of tubules
  9. each kidney contains_________ , which are the working units.
    1 million nephrons
  10. avg urine output is ?
    1000-1500 ml/day
  11. anuria
    absence of urine
  12. cystitis
    inflammation of the bladder
  13. dysuria
    painful urination
  14. abnormalalities found in urinalysis
    Hematuria:blood in theurine

    Ketouria:kestones in the urine

    Pyuria:pus in the urine

    Glycosuria:glucose in the urine

    Proteinuria:protein in the urine

    Casts occur in increased numbers in the presence of bacteria or protein, and indicate urinary calculi (stones) or renal disease.

    RBC in the urine greater than 0 to 2 per high -power field of the microscope may indicate a stone , tumor, glomerular, disorder, cystitis (bladder inflammation), or bleeding disorder.

    Bilirubin: in urine suggest liver disease or obstruction of the bile duct.
  15. instillation
    putting in a solution
  16. oliguria
    decreased urine output
  17. commode chair
    chair with container inserted to catch urine or feces
  18. stricture
    narrowing, usually of a tube or opening
  19. urostomy
    opening through which urine drains
  20. abnormal urinalysis report
    • color:tea color
    • glucose +1
    • protein +1
    • leukocytes: moderate
    • biliriubin:slight
    • pyuria:trace
  21. kidney
    manufactures urine
  22. glomerulus
    consist of a cluster of capillaries and a system of tubules
  23. ureter
    carries urine to the kidneys to the bladder
  24. nephron
    extracts metabloic waste
  25. urethra
    carries urine to the outside of the body
  26. spinchter
    controls the release of urine from the bladder
  27. a patient should void at least Q?
    8 hrs
  28. anuria
    absence of urine
  29. urinary incontinence
    inability to prevent passing urine
  30. nocturia
    voiding during the night
  31. residual urine
    urine left in the bladder after elimination
  32. urinary retention
    urine retained in the bladder after voiding
  33. urinometer
    an instrument that reads the amount of light the urine absorbs, or chemical dipstick
  34. normal range for specific gravity
    1.010-1.030
  35. ph of urine is slightly acid. what is range
    5.5-7.0
  36. commom urinary tract infection
    cystits
  37. ways to decrease URI and cytitis
    • 1.increase fluid intake to 2500-3000ml
    • 2.avoid citrus fruits and juice
    • 3.wipe anal gland from front to back
    • 4.females avoid wearing thongs,pantyhoes 5.dont sit around in wet bathing suits
    • 6.dont use bubble baths, hygeine sprays
    • 7.females pea right after sex and drink a glass of water
    • 8.empty the bladder Q2-3 hrs
  38. ways to prevent bladder infections
    • 1.take vitamin c supplements
    • 2.eat prunes, plums, cranberries

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