Antibiotics Part 1 Chpt 38

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harstanner
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146699
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Antibiotics Part 1 Chpt 38
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2012-04-09 23:07:31
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Antibiotics Part Chpt 38
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Antibiotics Part 1 Chpt 38 Anti-infective and Anti-inflammatory Drugs
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  1. Having or pertaining to the ability to destroy or interfere with the development of a living organism. The term is used most commonly to refer to antibacterial drugs
    Antibiotic
  2. One of two types antimicrobial agent; a chemical that inhibits the growth and reproduction of microorganisms without necessarily killing them. Antiseptics are also called static agents
    Antiseptic
  3. Antibiotics that kill bacteria
    Bactericidal antibiotics
  4. Antibiotics that do not actually kill bacteria but rather inhibit their growth.
    Bacteriostatic antibiotics
  5. The designation for a broad, major class of antibiotics that includes four subclasses; penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, and monobactams; so named because of the
    beta-lactam ring that is part of the chemical structure of all drugs in this class
    Beta-lactam
  6. Any of a group of enzymes produced by bacteria that catalyze the chemical opening of the crucial beta-lactam ring structures in beta-lactam antibiotics
    Beta-lactamase
  7. Medications combined with certain penicillin drugs to block the effect of beta-lactamase enzymes
    Beta-lactamase inhibitors
  8. The establishment and growth of microorganisms on the skin, open wounds, or mucous membranes, or in secretions
    without causing adverse clinical signs or symptoms
    Colonization
  9. An infection that is acquired by persons who have not been hospitalized or had a medical procedure recently (within the past year).
    Community-associated infection
  10. The administration of antibiotics based on known results of culture and sensitivity testing identifying the pathogen causing infection
    Definitive therapy
  11. One of two types of topical antimicrobial agent; a chemical applied to nonliving objects to kill microorganisms. Also called cidal agents
    Disinfectant
  12. The administration of antibiotics based on the practitioner's judgement of the pathogens most likely
    to be causing an apparent infection; it involves the presumptive treatment of an infection to avoid treatment delay before specific culture information has been obtained
    Empiric therapy
  13. An inherited disorder in which the red blood cells are partially or completely deficient in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, a critical enzyme in the metabolism of glucose. Certain medications can cause hemolytic anemia in patients with this disorder. This is an example of a host factor related to drug therapy
    Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency
  14. An infection that is acquired during the course of receiving treatment for another condition in a health care facility. The infection is not present or incubating at the time of admission
    Health care-associated infection
  15. Factors that are unique to the body of a particular patient that affect the patient's susceptibility to infection and response to various antibiotic drugs
    Host factors
  16. Invasion and multiplications of microorganisms in body tissues
    Infections
  17. Microscopic living organisms (also called microbes)
    Microorganisms
  18. Antibiotics taken before anticipated exposure to an infectious organism in an effort to prevent the development of infection
    Prophylactic antibiotic therapy
  19. A necrotizing inflammatory bowel condition that is often associated with antibiotic therapy. A more general term that is also used is antibiotic-associated colitis.
    Pseudomembranous colitis
  20. A common genetic host factor in which the rate of metabolism of certain drugs is reduced
    Slow acetylation
  21. Referring to antibiotic treatment that is ineffective in treating a given infection. Possible causes include inappropriate drug therapy, insufficient drug dosing, and bacterial drug resistance
    Subtherapeutic
  22. (1) An infection occurring during antimicrobial treatment for another infection, resulting from overgrowth of an
    organism not susceptible to the antibiotic used. (2) A secondary microbial infection that occurs in addition to an earlier primary infection, often due to weakening of the patient's immune system function by the first infection.
    Superinfection
  23. Substances that can interfere with normal prenatal development and cause one or more development abnormalities in the fetus.
    Teratogens
  24. Referring to antibiotic therapy that results in sufficient concentrations of the drug in the blood or other tissues to render it effective against specific bacterial pathogens
    Therapeutic

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