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- Speech like rhythm
- Slow harmonic rhythm
- Duple meter
- Many repeated notes
- No musical motives
- No repeated text
- Speech like rhythm and fast harmonic rhythm OR lyrical and slow harmonic rhythm.
- Can either be through composed or strophic
- Duple meter
- Can either have many repeated notes or few repeated notes
- No musical motives, but can have one
- Can have either repeated text or not.
- Syllabic but can be melismatic
- Fast hramonic rhythm
- Triple meter
- Few repeated notes
- Can have motives
- Can have repeated text
What was an Academy?
A group of gentleman amateurs who shared a common interest.
What was a famous Academy we discussed in class?
Who was the single most important person in the academy?
The Patron, he provided you a place to meet. In 1570 it was Bardi
Who were the composers/performers in the Camerata?
- Peri, occassionally
Who was the theorist in the Camerata?
Who were the poets on the Camerata?
- Striggio, occassionally
What year was the La Pellegrina?
Who was responsible for the music for La Pellegrina?
What was the theme of the La Pellegrina?
The power of Ancient Music.
What was an Intermedio?
The music in between the acts of the rival Italian plays in the 15th C.
Five terms for the bass line
- Basso continuo
- Figured Bass
- Unfigured Bass
Describe Bass Continuo
A bass line from which you were expected to improvise chords and was performed on a polyphonic instrument like organ, harpsichord. and lute.
Describe figured bass
Sometimes in the bass line they would give you numbers for the inversions or suspensions
A solo voice with a very simple accompaniment
What were the two ways of writing in the 16th-17th century?
Prima and Second parctica
Describe Prima Practica
- Music more important than the text.
- Must follow rules of counterpoint.
Describe secunda practica
- Early baroque period
- Text more important than music
- Many break any rules to bring out text
Define concerto in the early Baroque
Voices and instruments together
Name the three styles of music in the 17th century
Sacred, Chamber, and theatrical
Describe Sacred music in the 17th century?
- M&Ms, for 4-8 voices acappela, prima practica
- M&Ms, with organ and/or divided choirs, prima practica
- M&Ms, concerto style, prima practica
- M&Ms, concerto style, secunda practica
Describe the ABA'B'A" form
- A - Solo/tutti
- B - Solo
- A' - Tutti
- B' - Solo
- A" - Tutti
- Secunda practica
- Dramatic, narrative, and tells a story
- Chorus, soloist, and/or instruments
- Doesn't take place during lent
What were the two types of the main varities
Latino and Prose text
- Has a latin text
- Single parts therefore shorter 10-30 min
- Has text in the vernacular which essentially means in Italian
- Poetry text
- 2 parts therefore longer thatn 30-90 min
- Not always performed in a church
When and where did opera begin
Florence, in 1600
When did the first public opera house open and where?
1637, in Venice
What are the three ingredients of an opera?
Music, text, set