HST 163 Ch 12 Terms

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shanamd2011
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146812
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HST 163 Ch 12 Terms
Updated:
2012-04-10 15:16:44
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12 terms
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ch 12 terms
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  1. urbanization
    • the movement of people from rural to urban areas
    • brought about changes that altered relationships between the classes and btw men and women
    • women entered the public political and economic arenas
  2. populism
    • comprised of cross-class alliances brought together by a charismatic leader advocating social reform
    • dominated the politics of the era
  3. Getulio Vargas
    • Brazil 1930-45
    • dictator in Brazil that had to ally with provincial and state political bosses, who obtained the support of the people of the countryside by defending local customs and traditions
  4. Juan Peron
    • Argentina 1946-55
    • dictator in Argentina that had to ally with provincial and state political
    • bosses, who obtained the support of the people of the countryside by defending local customs and traditions
  5. The Great Depression
    • 1928 - 1932
    • after WW1 export prices tumbled by more than half in 10 countries
    • this left the Latin American economies in ruin
  6. World War II
    • the economy had an even more devastating effect than WWI and The Great Depression
    • war time inflation eroded real wages and purchasing power
    • LAtin American nations accumulated huge reserves from the sale of exports during the war, which led to inflation
  7. import substitrution industrialization (ISI)
    • policy adopted by some Latin American countries that sought to industrialize but not rely on imported materials
    • however this idea was extremely flawed because industry relies on imported materials found in other countries
  8. women's suffrage
    • sought the right to vote, and better working, sanitary, and helth conditions for all
    • "free" women were sexually active and ciarette smokers, which was very different than the passive mother of old
    • did not achieve equality in law until 1930

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