Nervous System

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chillis
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14686
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Nervous System
Updated:
2010-04-15 19:56:49
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Anatomy quiz
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Exam 3 Review
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  1. The myelin sheath of the peripheral nervous system neurons is produced by:
    A. Ependymal cells
    B. Oligodendrocytes
    C. Microglia
    D. Astrocytes
    E. Schwann cells
    E. Schwann Cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Neuroglia that are phagocytic are the:
    A. Astrocytes
    B. Ependymal cells
    C. Oligodendrocytes
    D. Schwann cells
    E. Microglia
    E. Microglia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Cerebrospinal fluid is produced by neuroglia known as:
    A. Astrocytes
    B. Ependymal cells
    C. Oligodendrocytes
    D. Schwann cells
    E. Microglia
    B. Ependymal cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Cells and organs contacted by motor neurons in cranial and spinal nerves are termed:
    A. Integrating centers
    B. Sensory neurons
    C. Effectors
    D. Receptors
    E. Motor neurons
    D. Receptors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The myelin sheath of axons in the central nervous system is produced by cells called:
    A. Schwann cells
    B. Microglia
    C. Ependymal cells
    D. Astrocytes
    E. Oligodendrocytes
    E. Oligodendrocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. White matter refers to aggregations on myelinated processes from many axons.
    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  7. Which of the following lists the meninges and spaces in the correct order from most superficial to deepest?
    A. Pia mater, subarachnoid space, arachnoid mater, subdural space, dura mater, epidural space
    B. Dura mater, epidural space, arachnoid mater, subdural space, pia mater, subarachnoid space
    C. Arachnoid mater, subarachnoid space, epidural space, dura mater, subdural space, pia maer
    D. Subdural space, dura mater, epidural space, arachnoid mater, subarachnoid space, pia mater
    E. Epidural space, dura mater, subdural space, arachnoid mater, subarachnoid space, pia mater
    E. Epidural space, dura mater, subdural space, arachnoid mater, subarachnoid space, pia mater
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The posterior (dorsal) root ganglion contains:
    A. Cell bodies of sensory neurons
    B. Cell boies of motor neurons
    C. Synapses
    D. Cranial nerve axons
    E. All of the above are correct
    A. Cell bodies of sensory neurons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The extension of the pia mater that anchors the spinal cord to the coccyx is the:
    A. Cauda equine
    B. Concus medullaris
    C. Denticulate ligament
    D. Filum terminale
    E. Dorsal root
    D. Filum terminale
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following is true regarding the number of spinal nerves:
    A. There are 8 pairs of cervical nerves, 12 pairs of thoracic nerves, 5 pairs of lumbar nerves, 5 pairs of sacral nerves, and 5 pairs of cyccygeal nerves
    B. There are 7 pairs of cervical nerves, 14 pairs of thoracic nerves, 4 pairs of lumbar nerves, 5 pairs of sacral nerves, ad 1 pair of coccygeal nerves
    C. There are 7 pairs of cervical nerves, 12 pairs of thoracic nerves, 4 pairs of lumbar nerves, 1 pair of sacral nerves, and 1 pair of coccygeal nerves
    D. There are 7 pairs pairs of cervical nerves, 12 pairs of thoracic nerves, 4 pairs of lumbar nerves, 5 pairs of sacral nerves, and 1 pair of coccygeal nerves
    E. There are 8 pairs of cervical nerves, 12 pairs of thoracic nerves, 5 pairs of lumbar nerves, 5 pairs of sacral nerves, and 1 pair of coccygeal nerves
    E. There are 8 pairs of cervical nerves, 12 pairs of thoracic nerves, 5 pairs of lumbar nerves, 5 pairs of sacral nerves, and 1 pair of coccygeal nerves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Lateral extensions of the pia mater that help to protect the spinal cord against displacement are called:
    A. Pia mater
    B. Dura mater
    C. Epidural spaces
    D. Arachnoid mater
    E. Denticulate ligaments
    F. Subarachnoid spaces
    A. Pia mater
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. During a spinal tap, the needle is inserted between the __ and __ vertebrae into the subarachnoid space.
    A. 4th cervical; 3rd cervical
    B.4th thoracic; 5th thoracic
    C. 4th lumbar; 3rd lumbar
    D. 4th lumbar; 5th lumbar
    E.both A and B
    E. Both A and B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Cell bodies of motor neurons are located in the posterior (dorsal) root ganglia:
    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  14. The tapering inferior end of the spinal cord at the level of the first two lumbar verterae is called the conus medullaris:
    A. True
    B. False
    A. True
  15. Which of the following gives rise to the medial, radial, and axillary nerves and provides the entire nerve supply for the shoulders and upper limbs:
    A. Lumbar plexus
    B. Brachial plexus
    C. Cervical plexus
    D. Sacral plexus
    E. Intercostals nerves
    B. Brachial plexus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following gives rise to the medial, radial, and axillary nerves and provides the entire nerve supply for the shoulders and upper limbs:
    A. Sacral plexus
    B. Lumbar plexus
    C. Brachial plexus
    D. Intercostals nerves
    E. Cervical plexus
    D. Intercostal Nerves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following supplies fibers to the scalp, neck, and part of the shoulder and chest, along with giving rise to the phrenic nerve that supplies the diaphragm:
    A. Intercostal nerves
    B. Cervical plexus
    C. Sacral Plexus
    D. Brachial Plexus
    E. Lumbar Plexus
    B. Cervical Plexus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Conscious thought processes and all intellectual functions originate in the:
    A. Corpus Callosum
    B. Medulla Oblongata
    C. Cerebral Hemispheres
    D. Cerebellum
    D. Cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The ventricles in the brain are filled with:
    A. Air
    B. Neural tissue
    C. Blood
    D. Cerebrospinal fluid
    D. Cerebrospinal fluid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Damage to the occipital lobe of the cerebrum would most likely cause:
    A. Loss of vision
    B. Loss of ability to slemm
    C. Paralysis
    D. Loss of muscular sense (proprioception)
    E. Loss of hearing
    A. Loss of vision
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The immediate reflexive responses to a loud, unexpected noise are directed by nuclei on the:
    A. Medulla Oblongata
    B. Mesencephalon
    C. Pons
    D. Diencephalon
    C. Pons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What area of the cerebral cotex controls voluntary scanning movements of the eye:
    A. Auditory area
    B. Motor speech area
    C. Common integrative area
    D. Visual area
    E. Premotor area
    F. Frontal eye field areas
    G. Gustatory area
    F. Frontal eye field area
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The motor system that controls skeletal muscle tone and coordinates learned movement patterns and other somatic activities is the__:
    A. Choroid plexus
    B. Extrapyrmidal system
    C. Reticular system
    D. Limbic system
    B. Extrapyrmidal system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. A physician informs you that you have a disorder of the CNS. The part of the nervous system involved is/are the:
    A. Autonomic nervous system
    B. Somatic nervous system
    C. Spinal and cranial nerves
    D. Brain an spinal cord
    E. Peripheral nervous system
    D. Brain and spinal cord
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. What area of the cerebral cortex interprets pitch and rhythm?
    A. Motor speech area (Broca's speech area)
    B. Visual area
    C. Fronal eye field area
    D. Common integrative area
    E. Auditory area
    F. Gustatory area
    G. Premotor area
    E. Auditory area
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The part of the brain that coordinates rapid, automatic adjustments that maintain balance and equilibrium is the:
    A. Pons
    B. Medulla oblongata
    C. Cerebellum
    D. Cerebrum
    C. Cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. A person with a damaged visual association area may:
    A. Be declared legally blind
    B. Be able to see letters quite clearly but unable to recognize or interpret them
    C. Be unable to see letters but able to identify words and their meanings
    D. Be unable to scan the lines of a page or see rows of clear symbols
    A. Be declared legally blind
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The right cerebral cortex controls voluntary movements of the left side of the body because:
    A. Most persons are right handed
    B. Of distinct cerebral specialization of hemispheres
    C. The right hemisphere dominaes
    D. Many of the fibers in the funiculi decussate in the medulla oblongata
    B. Distinct cerebral specialization of hemispheres
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which of the following statements about the ventricls of the brain is false?
    A. A membrane called the septum pellucidum seperates the anterior portions of the two lateral ventricles
    B. The third ventricle is between the left and right halves of the thalamus
    C. The lateral ventricles connect to the third ventricle via the lateral apertures
    D. The walls of all of the ventricles contain chroid plexuses that produce cerebrospinal fluid
  30. The postcentral gyrus is in the __ lobe of the cortex, it contains the primary __ area
    A. Parietal; somatosensory
    B. Frontal; motor
    C. Parietal; motor
    D. Frontal; somatosensory
    A. Parietal; somatosensory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. What area of the cerebral cortex interprets sensations related to taste?
    A. Frontal eye field area
    B. Common integrative area
    C. Auditory area
    D. Motor speech area
    E. Visual area
    F. Premotor area
    G. Gustatory area
    G. Gustatory area
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. What area of the cerebral cortex interprets shape, color, & movements of objects?
    A. Common integrative area
    B. Motor speech area
    C. Premotor area
    D. Gustatory area
    E. Auditory area
    F. Visual area
    G. Frontal eye
    field area
  33. Damage to the corpora quadrigemina would interfere with:
    A. Control of autonomic function
    B. Regulation of body temperature
    C. Processing of visual and auditory sensations
    D. Control of involntary somatic motor activities
  34. What area of the cerebral cortex controls skilled muscular movements?
    A. Common integrative area
    B. Motor speech area
    C. Premotor area
    D. Gustatory area
    E. Auditory area
    F. Visual area
    G. Frontal eye field area
  35. Damage to the hippocampus, a component of the limbic system, leads to__?
    A. A loss of emotion due to forgetfulness
    B. A loss of conciousness
    C. A loss of long-term memory
    D. An immediate loss of short-erm memory
  36. The verve process and structures that connect receptors with the brain and spinal cord constitute the:
    A. Motor division of the peripheral nervous system
    B. Sensory division of the peripheral nervous system
    C. Central nervous system
    D. Autonomic nervous system
    E. Visceral nervous system
  37. Which of the following terms concerning nervous tissue mismatched?
    A. Astrocytes = phagocytic cells in the CNS
    B. Tract = bundles of myelinated axons in the CNS
    C. Ganglia = cluster of neuron cell bodies in the PNS
    D. Nerve = bundles of myelinated axons in the PNS
    E. Perineuriom = connective tissue covering a nerve fascicle
  38. Which of the following effectors do you have concious control over?
    A. liver function
    B. Biceps brachii
    C. Diaphragm
    D. Heart rate
    E. Pharyngeal arch muscles
  39. If someone recieves a spinal cord injury at the level of the 7th cervical vertebra, which of the following would be true?
    A. The person would be able to contract their beceps brachii
    B. The person would be able to breathe on htheir own
    C. The person would not be able to blink and talk
    D. The person would be able to wiggle their toes
    E. The person would be able to feel their fingers
  40. Which of the following is mismatched?
    A. Lumbar enlargement = where nerves serving the lower extremities attach to the spinal cord
    B. Dorsal root = recieves incoming sensory information
    C. Cervical enlargement = where nerves serving the neck attach to the spinal cord
    D. Dorsal root ganglion = a collection of neuron cell bodies in the peripheral nervous system
    E. Ventral root = sends outgoing motor information

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