Respiratory physiology

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Author:
Floe
ID:
146863
Filename:
Respiratory physiology
Updated:
2012-04-10 20:45:25
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Lab test
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Description:
Anatomy II
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  1. What happens to the lungs with a person with emphysema?
    The lungs loose elasticity.
  2. Inhalation or exhalation
    Diaphragm contracts, ribs elevate, pressure decreases, air movements inwards.
    Inhalation
  3. Inhalation or exhalation
    Lung pressure increases, air movement outwards
    Exhalation
  4. Breathing is also called?
    Pulmonary ventilation
  5. What is the constant atmospheric pressure?
    760 mm Hg
  6. Air builds up in pleural cavity, Lung collapses. This buildup of air puts pressure on the lung, so it cannot expand as much as it normally does when you take a breath
    Pneumothorax
  7. What is another name for atmosphere?
    Barrometric
  8. Amount of air one breathes in or out during normal breath?
    Tidal volume
  9. Amount of air one can breath IN over and above a normal inhalation?
    Inspiratory reserve volume
  10. Amount of air one can breath OUT over and above a normal exhalation?
    Expiratory reserve volume
  11. Amount of air remaining in air passages after maximum forced exhalation?
    Residual volume
  12. Amount of air one can forcibly inhale after a maximum forced exhalation?
    Vital capacity
  13. Maximum amount of air that can be inspired after a normal exhalation?
    Inspiratory capacity
  14. amount of air remaining after a normal exhalation?
    Functional residual capacity
  15. Sum of all four volumes lung volumes
    Total lung capacity
  16. The amount of air one can forcibly inhale after a maximum forced exhalation.
    Vital capacity
  17. What is the instrument used to measure lumg capacity?
    Spirometer
  18. How do you determine breathing rate?
    Count the number of times you breath in 30 seconds, preform 3 trials and take the average then multiply by two
  19. One breath =
    1 inhalation and 1 exhalation
  20. How do you determine the minute respiratory volume?
    Tidal volume X breathing rate
  21. Restricted diseases:
    Tissue between the walls of alveoli is damaged
    Fibrosis
  22. Granulomas assosiated with clumping and inflammation
    Sarcoidosis
  23. Respiratory diseases which make it more difficult to get air into the lungs. and they restrict inspiration.
    Restrictive Diseases
  24. Respiratory diseases which make it more difficult to get air OUT of the lungs. They restrict inspiration.
    Obstructive diseases
  25. Obstructive or Restrictive diseases:
    Emphysema
    Obstructive
  26. Obstructive or Restrictive diseases:
    Chronic bronchitis
    Obstructive
  27. Obstructive or Restrictive diseases:
    Asthma
    Obstructive
  28. Obstructive or Restrictive diseases:
    Fibrosis
    Restrictive
  29. Obstructive or Restrictive diseases:
    Sarcoidosis
    Restrictive

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