Renaissance Music Era

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Robin
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146901
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Renaissance Music Era
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2012-05-02 17:02:19
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Renaissance
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Renaissance Music Era History
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  1. Renaissance Era
    Date
    1450 - 1600
  2. Renaissance Era
    Events
    • Fall of Constantinople
    • Michealangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, Galaleo, Shakespeare
    • Printing Press by Gutenburg-Bible-mass production
    • Naissance - birth of literature, art of Rome and Greece
    • Science is now forefront instead of superstitions
    • Lute - popular instrument
    • Music Publishing centres - Antwerp, Amsterdam & Venice
  3. Renaissance Era
    Musical Style
    • Greater use of 3rds and 6ths
    • Expanded contrapuntal textures
    • Closer relationship between text and music
  4. Renaissance Era
    Continuous Imitation
    Type of Polyphony where a theme is passed from one voice to another
  5. Renaissance Era
    Homorhythmic Texture
    Multivoiced composition-all voices sing in same rhythm-delivers text more clearly
  6. Renaissance Era
    Modal Counterpoint
    Polyphonic texture based on modes
  7. Renaissance Era
    word painting
    Musical pictorialization
  8. Renaissance Era
    Chromaticism
    Melodies/harmonies that included all the notes available within the octave
  9. Renaissance Era
    Franco Flemish School or Dutch School or Netherlanders
    • Musical leaders from early Renaissance from France, Belgium and Holland
    • vocal polyphony, highly developed contrapuntal
    • Johannes Ockeghem, Josquin des Pres & Jacob Obrecht
  10. Renaissance Era
    Sacred Motet
    Characteristics
    • polyphonic texture
    • single latin text (no longer polytextual)
    • sacred genre
    • generally 4 voices
    • imitative counterpoint
    • 3rds and 6ths
  11. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Composer
    Josquin des Prez
  12. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Genre
    Motet
  13. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Date
    1470s-1480s
  14. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Source of Text
    Rhymed, Strophic Poem
  15. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Poetic Structure
    opening couplet - 5 quatrains - closing couplet
  16. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Language
    Latin
  17. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Translation
    Hail Mary
  18. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Performers
    4 a cappella voices
  19. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Texture
    Polyphonic
  20. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Example of Word Painting
    "Ut lucifer" light -performer w/very high voice
  21. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Cantus Firmus Location
    Very beginning of piece only
  22. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Example of Imitative Style
    Opening Couplet
  23. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Interval creating "sweet sounding consonance"
    6ths
  24. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Ends with Interval to create a hollow sound or sacred sound
    5th
  25. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Impact of words is heightened by use of ...
    rests
  26. Renaissance Era
    Ave Maria
    Shift to triple meter on...
    "Ave vera viginitas"
  27. Renaissance Era
    Josquin des Prez
    Musical Style
    • Highly Successful
    • Master of Contrapuntal techniques
    • Rich in emotional expression
    • Vocal settings express the meaning of text - word painting
    • 3rds and 6ths - often with dissonance
  28. Renaissance Era
    Josquin des Prez
    Genres Accomplished
    • Motets - close to 100 - "Ave Maria"
    • Masses - 18 - "Missa L'homme arme"
    • Chansons - over 60 - "Mille regretz"
  29. Renaissance Era
    Mass
    Service Includes...
    Prayers, readings from Bible and re-enactment of Last Supper (Holy Communion)
  30. Renaissance Era
    Mass Ordinary
    Unchanging prayers of the Mass

    • Kyrie
    • Gloria
    • Credo
    • Sanctus
    • Benedictus
    • Agnus Dei
  31. Renaissance Era
    Mass Proper
    • Changing Variable prayers of Mass
    • Linked to Church Calender

    • Gradual
    • Introit
    • Communtion
    • Alleluia
  32. Renaissance Era
    Musical Movements of Mass
    Order
    • Introit - introdution - Proper
    • Kyrie - 3x Christ/Lord have Mercy Upon Us - Ordinary
    • Gloria - Glory be to God in the Highest - Ordinary
    • Gradual - 4 section - Proper
    • Alleluia - Proper
    • Credo - belief - Ordinary
    • Offertory - offering - Proper
    • Sanctus - Holy - Ordinary
    • Agnus Dei - Lamb of God - Ordinary
    • Communion - Proper

    In Katholic Groups God Acts Courageous Only Son Acts Courageous

    Proper Ordinary Ordinary Proper / Proper Ordinary Proper Ordinary / Ordinary Proper
  33. Renaissance Era
    Martin Luther
    Date
    1483-1546 (63 years old)
  34. Renaissance Era
    Martin Luther "list of Protests" in 1517
    Ninety Five Theses
  35. Renaissance Era
    Martin Luther
    Ninety Five Thesis Reforms
    • Services in German
    • Simpler Music for Congregation
  36. Renaissance Era
    Counter - Reformation Meetings
    Council of Trent
  37. Renaissance Era
    Council of Trent
    Location & Dates
    Trento, Italy 1545 -1563 (18 years)
  38. Renaissance Era
    Council of Trent
    Recommendations for Music
    • Text should be audible
    • No dense counterpoint
    • No instruments except organ
    • Avoid chromaticism
    • Banned Cantus Firmus
    • Avoid Virtuosity
  39. Renaissance Era
    Missa Papae Marcelli
    Composer
    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
  40. Renaissance Era
    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
    Date
    1525 - 1594 (69 years old)
  41. Renaissance Era
    Missa Papae Marcelli
    Genre
    Mass
  42. Renaissance Era
    Missa Papae Marcelli
    Date
    1567
  43. Renaissance Era
    Missa Papae Marcelli
    Source of Text
    Mass Ordinary - the Gloria
  44. Renaissance Era
    Missa Papae Marcelli
    Language
    Latin
  45. Renaissance Era
    Missa Papae Marcelli
    Performing Forces
    6 A Cappella voices (rarely used together)
  46. Renaissance Era
    Missa Papae Marcelli
    Texture
    • Polyphonic
    • different combinations of voices used
    • syllabic text setting - words easy to understand
    • homorhythmic setting - each voice singing same rhythm
  47. Renaissance Era
    Palestrina Style
    • Helped reform the Catholic Church after Protestant Reform
    • compositions reflect his deep personal faith
    • vocal polyphony in A Cappella style (Palestrina style)
    • performing forces range from 4 - 6 voices
    • vocal lines moved by step or narrow leap
    • dissonance avoided
    • clarity in text setting w/chordal texture, clear phrases, and musical accents that corresponded w/text
  48. Renaissance Era
    Palestrina
    Genres Accomplished
    • Motets - over 300 - "Lauda Sion"
    • Masses - over 100 - "Missa Lauda Sion"
    • Madrigals - sacred and secular
  49. Renaissance Era
    Italian Madrigal
    Origin
    • 14th centure secular song flourished in small aristocratic courts of Italy then gained widespread popularity in Europe and England
    • initially homophonic later evolved to polyphonic texture
    • final decades of 16th century it became a highly mannered virtuostic style
  50. Renaissance Era
    Italian Madrigal
    Features
    • texts were short poems
    • through-composed
    • topics - love/desire/politics/humour/satire
    • word painting was prominent
    • expressive chromaticism
  51. Renaissance Era
    Moro, lasso, al mio duolo
    Composer
    Carlo Gesualdo
  52. Renaissance Era
    Moro, lasso, al mio duolo
    Genre
    Italian Madrigal
  53. Renaissance Era
    Moro, lasso, al mio duolo
    Date
    1611
  54. Renaissance Era
    Moro, lasso, al mio duolo
    Language
    Italian
  55. Renaissance Era
    Moro, lasso, al mio duolo
    Performing Forces
    5 A Cappella Voices
  56. Renaissance Era
    Moro, lasso, al mio duolo
    Texture
    Polyphonic
  57. Renaissance Era
    Moro, lasso, al mio duolo
    Description
    • Highly chromatic opening - almost every semitone within octave is used in 1st 4 measure - creating tension
    • Descending chromatic line represents death & grief - Moro
    • Word painting on "vita" life - also diatonic
  58. Renaissance Era
    Carlo Gesualdo
    Musical Style
    • Italian composer and lutenist
    • emotional style
    • extravagant word painting
    • exaggerated chromaticism w/high level of dissonance
    • abrupt chord changes
    • frequent use of repetition
    • wrote his own texts - reflecting guilt and remorse
  59. Renaissance Era
    Musica Transalpina - beyond the Alps
    Description
    Book of Italian Madrigals published in London

    • Influenced the English madrigals in mid 16th century
    • nonsense syllables - fa la la & nonny-nonny no
  60. Renaissance Era
    Fair Phyllis
    Composer
    John Famer
  61. Renaissance Era
    Fair Phyllis
    Genre
    English Madrigal
  62. Renaissance Era
    Fair Phyllis
    Date
    1599
  63. Renaissance Era
    Fair Phyllis
    Language
    English
  64. Renaissance Era
    Fair Phyllis
    Performing Forces
    4 A Cappella voices
  65. Renaissance Era
    Fair Phyllis
    Texture
    Polyphonic
  66. Renaissance Era
    Fair Phyllis
    Word Painting examples
    • "up and down" - descending voices at highest pitch
    • "all alone" - soprano voice sings alone
    • "feeding her flock" - all voices
  67. Renaissance Era
    Fair Phyllis
    Syncopation example
    • "flock"
    • "fell a kissing"
  68. Renaissance Era
    Fair Phyllis
    Change to triple time
    "O then they fell a-kissing"
  69. Renaissance Era
    John Farmer
    Musical Style
    • 4 voice madrigals
    • chordal homophonic textures with imitative polyphony
    • lighthearted pastoral texts
    • diatonic
    • vivid word painting
  70. Renaissance Era
    Consort of instruments
    • Whole Consort-all instruments from one family
    • Broken Consort-mixed combination of instruments
  71. Renaissance Era
    Viols
    family of bowed string instruments
  72. Renaissance Era
    Viola da gamba
    6 strings like a cello - fretted like a guitar
  73. Renaissance Era
    Virginal
    All generic portable plucked keyboard instruments
  74. Renaissance Era
    Fitzwilliam Virginal Book
    Description
    Almost 300 English keyboard music form early 17th century

    Named after Viscount Fitzwilliam - his donation to Cambridge University

    Composers include - William Byrd, John Bull, Thomas Morley and Giles Farnaby

    Styles include - virtuostic, rapid scale passages, and ornamentation

    Titles include - Carman's Whistle (Byrd), The King's Hunt (Bull), and The Ghost (Byrd)
  75. Renaissance Era
    Dance Music
    Styles
    • Branle
    • Pavane - slow & stately
    • Galliard - lively & energetic
    • Saltarello
    • Allemande
  76. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Dance Style
    Pavane
  77. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Composer
    Tielman Susato
  78. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Genre
    Dance Music
  79. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Date
    1551
  80. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Form
    AABBCC
  81. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Meter
    Duple w/frequent dotted figures
  82. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Mode
    E Phrygian
  83. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Text Source
    chanson by Josquin des Prez
  84. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Translation
    A Thousand Regrets
  85. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Texture
    Polyphonic
  86. Renaissance Era
    Mille Regretz
    Number of performers
    • 4
    • Top voice plays elegantly arched melody

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