Myo II final review.txt

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Author:
LuisDVal
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147011
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Myo II final review.txt
Updated:
2012-04-11 14:56:10
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Myology
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Muscles
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  1. The term that means "of the little finger"
    Digiti minimi
  2. The common flexor tendon or origin of the forearm is at the
    Medial epicondyle
  3. The common extensor tendon or origin of the forearm is at the
    Lateral epicindyle
  4. The medial epicondyle is the origin for the
    Flexor carpi ulnaris, palmarius longus, flexor carpi radialis, and flexor digitorum superficialis
  5. The lateral epicondyle is the origin for
    Extensor capri radialis longus, brevis, communis and exrosor digiti minimi
  6. Superfiscial muscles of the anterior forearm
    Flexor carpi ulnaris, palmaris longus and flexor carpi radialis
  7. Superfiscial muscles of the posterior forearm
    Extensor carpi radialis longus,brevis, communis, and extensor digiti minimi
  8. Radial deviation is performed by
    Extensor carpi radialis longus, brevis and flexor carpi radialis
  9. Ulnar deviation is performed by
    Flexor carpi ulnaris and extensor carpi ulnaris
  10. The 5th metacarpal is the insertion of the
    Extersor carpi ulnaris and flexor carpi ulnaris
  11. The 2nd and 3rd metcarpals are the insertions of the
    Extensor carpi radialis longus, brevis, flexsor carpi radialis
  12. Phalanges of digits 2-5 are the insertions of the
    flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor carpi radialis and extensor digitorum communis
  13. The Palmaris longus inserts on the
    Plamar aponeurosis
  14. THe distal phalanx of the 1st digit is the insertion of the
    flexor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis longus
  15. The distal phalanges of digits 2-5 are the insertion of the
    Flexor Digitorum profundus
  16. The middle phalanges of digits 2-5 are the insertion of the
    flexor digitorum superficialis
  17. the 1st digit is abducted by the
    Abductor pollicis longus
  18. The 2nd digit is extended by the
    extensor indicis
  19. The 5th digit is extended by the
    extensor digiti minimi
  20. Digits 2-5 are extended by the
    extensor digitoum communis
  21. the interosseus membrane is the origin of the
    Extensor pollicis longus and brevis, extensor indicis, flexor digitorum profundus
  22. The deep muscles of the posterior forearm include the
    extensor pollicis longus and brevis and extensor indicis
  23. The deep muscles of the anterior forearm include
    Flexor digitorum profundus and flexor pollicus longus
  24. The "middle" muscle of the anterior forearm is the
    flexor digitorum superficialis
  25. The wrist is extended by the
    extensor carpi ulnaris, extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis
  26. the wrist is flexed by
    flexor capi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor digitorun superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus`
  27. The antagonist of the extensor digitorum communis is/are
    the flexor digitorum superfiscials and profundus
  28. THe antagonist of the extensor carpi ulnaris is/are
    THe flexor carpi radialis
  29. THe lips of bicipital groove is the insertion fo the
    Pectoralis major, latissimus dorsi, and teres major
  30. The greater tuberacle is the insertion of the
    supraspinatus, infraspinatus and teres minor
  31. the coom action of most anterior upper limn muscles is
    Flexion
  32. shoulder flexion is an action of the
    Anterior deltoid, biceps brachii, coracobrachialis and upper pertoralis major
  33. shoulder extension is an action of the
    posterior deltoid, triceps brachii and lattisimus dorsi
  34. intinsic muscles of the hand include
    All fo the muscles which are completely within the hand, All thenar and hypothenar muscles, all lumbricales and interossei "manus" muscles
  35. THe thenar muscles include the
    Abductor pollicis brevis and flexor pollicis brevis, opponens pollicis, adductor pollicis
  36. The trapezium is an origin for the
    Abductor pollicis brevis and flexor pollicis brevis, opponens pollicis
  37. THe 2nd and 3rd metacarpals are origins for the
    Adductor pollicis
  38. The provimal phalanx of the 1st digit is the insertion of the
    abductor pollicis brevis and flexor pollicis brevis
  39. The 1st metacarpal is the insertion of the
    opponens pollicis
  40. the hypothenar muscless include the
    Abductor digiti minimi and flexor digiti minimi, opponens digiti minimi, palmaris brevis
  41. the pisiform or hamate is the origin of the
    Abductor digiti minimi and flexor digiti minimi and opponens digiti minimi
  42. the proximal phalanx of the 5th digit is the insertion of the
    Abductor digiti minimi and flexor digiti minimi
  43. the 5th metacapal is the insertion of the
    opponens digiti minimi
  44. lumbricales manus attachments include
    the origin @ flexor digitorum profundus (distal tendon, Insertion @ Digits 2-5 extensor expansion (of extensor digitorum), Attachments only on tendons of other muscles
  45. lumbricales manus functions inclue
    extension of PIP and DIP joints of digits 2-5
  46. the origins of the dorsal interossei manus include
    Dorsal metacarpals of digits 1-5
  47. The insertions of the dorsal interossei manus include
    Proximal Phalanges and extensor expanions of digits 2,3 and 4
  48. Actions of the dorsal interossei manus include
    Abduction of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th digits @ mcp joints, Assisting lumbricales (especially with extension of PIPs and DIPs of digits 2-5
  49. The origins of the palmar interossei manus include
    palmar metacarpals of digits 2, 4 and 5
  50. The insertions of the palmar interossei manus include
    proximal phalanges and extensor expansions of digits 2, 4 and 5
  51. Actions of the Palmar interossei manus include
    Adduction fo the 2nd, 4th and 5th digits @ MCP joints, Assisting lumbricales (especially with flexion of MCPs of digits 2,4, and 5)
  52. "The anatomical snuff box" is formed by tendons of the
    extensor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis
  53. THe origins of the Latissimus dorsi include the
    sacrum, ilium, spinous processes of lumbar vertebrae, Thoraco-Lumbar aponeurosis, ribs and scapula
  54. The origins of the trapezius include the
    EOP, Superior nuchal line, Nuchal ligament and SPs C7-T12
  55. THe insertion of the upper trapezius consists of the
    Lateral clavicle and acromion process of scapula
  56. THe origins of the pectoralis Major include
    Clavicle, sternum and costal cartilages
  57. the origins of the deltoid include
    clavicle, acromion process and spine of scapula
  58. the origins of the teres major and teres minor include
    lateral border of the scapula
  59. the origin of the biceps brachii is at the
    Supraglenoid tubericle and coracoid process
  60. The insertion of the biceps brachii is at the
    radial tuberosity
  61. The origin of the tricps brachii and anconeus is at the
    infraglenoid tubercle and posterior humerus shaft
  62. THe insertion of the triceps brachii and anconeus is at the
    olecranon process of the ulna
  63. THe actions of the biceps brachii include
    Flexion of the elbow and shoulder; supination of the forearm
  64. The actions of the triceps brachii include
    extension of the elbow and shoulder
  65. the antagonists of the triceps brachii include the
    biceps brachii and brachialis
  66. the antagonists tot he supinator include the
    pronator teres and pronator quadratus
  67. the origin of the vrachialis is at the
    anterior humerus shaft
  68. the insertion of the brachialis is at the
    coronoid process of the ulna and ulnar tuberosity
  69. the origin of the brachioradialis is at the
    lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus (lateral epicondyle)
  70. the insertion of the brachioradialis is at the
    styloid process of radius
  71. Flexors of the elbow
    flexor pollicis brevis and flexor digitorum profundus
  72. The Neutral flexor of the elbow (ie in neither pronation nor supination as when you lift up a drink) and supinatior/pronator to neutral is
    The brachioradialis
  73. The small and weak elbow extensor is the
    anconeus
  74. These muscles insert of the radius
    Biceps brachii and brachioradialis, pronator teres and pronator quadratus, supinator
  75. THe origin of the pronator teres is at the
    medial epicondyle of humerus and coronoid process of ulna
  76. THe origin of the pronator quadratus is at the
    distal 1/4 of the ulna shaft
  77. The origin of the supinator is at the
    Lateral epicondyle of humerus and proximal ulna shaft
  78. Pronation is an action of the
    brachioradialis, pronator teres and pronator quadratus
  79. the subscapular fossa is the origin of the
    subscapularis
  80. The supraspinal fossa is the origin of the
    supraspinatus
  81. THe coracoid process is the origin of the
    coracobrachialis
  82. The 1st 9 ribs are origins of the
    serratus anterior
  83. THe oringing of the rhomboids consists of the
    spinous processes of C7-T5
  84. The origin of the levator scapulae consists of the
    Transverse processes of C1-C4
  85. The Rhomboids and the levator scapulae insert of the
    medial border of the scapula
  86. The insertion of the middle trapezius consists of the
    spine of the scapula
  87. the insertion of the lower trapezius consists of the
    The root of the spine of the scapula
  88. Actions of the lattisimus dorsi include
    shoulder adduction, medial (or internal) rotation and extension
  89. Scapular elevation is an action of the
    Upper Trapezium, Levator Scapulae and rhomboids
  90. Abduction of the shoulder or humerus is an action of the
    deltoid and supraspinatus
  91. medial (or internal) Rotation of the shoulder or humerus is
    Subscapupularis, lattisimus dorsi and teres major
  92. Lateral (or external) Rotation of the shoulder of humerus in an action of
    posterior deltoid, infraspinatus and teres minor
  93. horizontal adduction is an action of the
    Pectoralis major
  94. scapular protraction is an action of the
    pectoralis major, minor and serratus anterior
  95. Scapular retraction is an action of the
    rhomboids and trapezius
  96. Antagonists to the pectoralis major and minor include
    Rhomboids and trapezius
  97. Antagonists to the rhomboids include
    pectoralis major, minor and serratus anterior
  98. The rotator cuff muscles include
    supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor and subscapularis
  99. The 1st digit is abducted by
    abductor pollicis longus and abductor pollicis brevis
  100. The 1st digit is flexed by the
    flexor pollicis brevis and flexor pollicus longus
  101. the musculocutaneous nerve innervates the biceps brachii, coracobrachialis and brachialis muscles
    True
  102. The radial nerve innervates the tricps brachii, anconeus, brachioradialis, supinator and abductor pollicis longus all extensors of the wrists
    True
  103. The median nerve innervates the pronator teres, pronator quadratus, flexor carpi radialis, palmaris longus, flexor digitorum superficialis, floexor pollicus longus & brevis, opponens pollicis and abductor pollicis brevis
    True
  104. The Ulnar nerve innervates the flexor carpi ulnaris adductor pollicis, the hypothenar muscels, The Dorsal interossei and the palmar interossei
    True
  105. The Radial and ulnar collateral ligaments provide medial-lateral stability to the elbow
    True
  106. The radial annular ligament wraps around the proximal radius and Ulna
    True
  107. The Superior Gluteal neve innervates the
    gluteus medius and minimus and TFL
  108. inferior gluteal nerve innervates the
    Gluteus Maximus
  109. obturator nerve innervates
    iliopsoas and psoas mino
  110. Nerves to the lateral rotators innervate the
    Piriformis, gemellus superior and gemellus inferior, obturator internus, quadratus femoris
  111. origin of the gluteus maximus includes
    Psoterior ilium, sacrum and coccyx
  112. insertion of the gluteus maximus includes
    iliotibial band and gluteal tuberosity
  113. Actions of the gluteus maximus include
    hip extension, external/lateral rotation and abduction
  114. Origin of the gluteus medius and minimus
    posterior ilium
  115. insertion of the gluteus medius and minimus
    greater trochanter
  116. actions of the gluteus medius and minimus
    Hip abduction and hip internal/media rotation
  117. origin of the TFL
    Anterior superior iliac spine
  118. Insertion of the TFL
    Iliotibial band (Fascia Latae)
  119. Actions of the TFL
    Hip Flexion and hip internal/medial rotation, hip abduction, tightening the iliotibial band
  120. origin of the iliopsoas
    Anterior ilium (illiac fossa) and bodies and TPs of L1-L5
  121. Insertion of the Iliopsoas
    Lesser Trochanter
  122. Actions of the Iliopsoas
    Hip flexion and hip external/lateral rotation
  123. Origin of the piriformis
    Anterior sacrum
  124. insertion of the piriformis
    greater trochanter
  125. Action of Piriformis
    hip ext, hip internal rotation, hip external/lateral rotation and some hip abduction
  126. Pubic bone is the origin
    Pectineus and gracilis, adductor longus and adductor brevis, anterior part of adductor magnus
  127. hip adductors include
    pectineus and gracillis, adductor longus and brevis, anterior part of adductor magnus
  128. hip adduction and hip flexion are actions
    pectineus, adductor longus and adductor brevis, anterior part of adductor magnus
  129. linea aspera is the insertion
    adductor longus, adductor brevis and adductor magnus
  130. the PES anserine
    A muscle tendon insertion shared by the gooses muscles, named for it's "goose foot" shape, located on the proximal anterior medial tibia
  131. Quadriceps femoris
    vastus medialis, vastus lateralis and vastus intermedialis, rectus femoris
  132. The Hamstring consist
    biceps femoris, semitendinosis and semimembranosis
  133. Ischial tuberosity is an origin
    Posterior part of adductor magnus and biceps femoris, semitendinosis and semimembranosis
  134. The ASIS is the origin
    Sartorius
  135. The AIIS is the origin
    Rectus Femoris
  136. THe shaft of the femur is the origin
    Vastus medialis, lateralis, intermedialis, the short head of the biceps femoris
  137. the biceps formoris inserts
    fibular head and just below the lateral tibial condyle
  138. semimembranosis inserts
    Just below the medial tibial condule
  139. Semitendinosis inserts
    Pes anserine
  140. Quadriceps femoris inserts
    tibial tuberosity via patella and patellar ligament
  141. Actions of the rectus femoris part of the Quads
    Hip flexion and knee extension
  142. actions of the "vastus" parts of quads
    Knee ext
  143. actions of the hamstrings
    Knee flexion, hip extension

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