Maternity Chpt2

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  1. puberty
    • starts when secondary sex characteristics appear
    • ends when mature sperm cells are formed or when regular menstrual cycles occur
  2. Male puberty
    • begins between 10 - 16
    • penis and testes increase in size
    • general growth spurt
  3. female puberty
    • first outward change is breast development
    • first menstrual period (menarche) occurs 2 to 2.5 years after breasts form
    • hips broaden, pubic and auxillary hair
    • growth ends earlier than boys
    • hips broaden and pelvis assumes basin shape
  4. the penis
    • expels urine
    • deposits sperm into the vagina
    • consists of glans and body
  5. functions of the testes
    • make sperm
    • secrete androgens
    • testosterone made in the Leydig cells of the testes
  6. Role of FSH and LH in the testes
    inititates the production of testosterone in the Leydig cells
  7. Male reproductive ducts
    • epididymis
    • vas deferens
    • ejaculatory ducts
    • urethra
  8. male accessory glands
    • seminal vessicles
    • prostate glands
    • bulbourethral glands
  9. epididymis
    stores (matures) for 2 to 10 days and moves sperm to the vas deferens
  10. vas deferens
    carries the mature sperm into the body to the ejaculatory ducts
  11. Ejaculatory Duct
    Each vas deferens joins the duct from the adjacent seminal vesicle (one of the accessory glands) to form a short (2cm) ejaculatory duct. Each ejaculatory duct passes through the prostate gland and empties into the urethra.
  12. seminal plasma
    • secretions from the accessory glands
    • nourish sperm
    • protect sperm from the acidic vaginal environment
    • enhances motility
  13. Female external genitalia (vulva)
    • Mons Pubis
    • Labia Majora
    • Labia Minora
    • Fourchette
    • Clitoris
    • Vaginal Vestibule
    • Perineum
  14. Mons Pubis
    Protects the symphasis pubis
  15. Labia Majora
    2 folds of fatty tissue on each side of the vagina
  16. Labia Minora
    • 2 thin, soft folds of erectile tissue inside of the labia majora
    • Produces bactericidal secretions, lubricates and protect the vulva
  17. Fourchette
    • Fold of tissue where the labia meet
    • aka obstetrical perineum
    • lacerations often occur during childbirth
  18. Vaginal Vestibule
    • Area seen when the labia minora are separated
    • Urethral Meatus
    • Skene’s Ducts
    • Vaginal Introitus
    • Hymen
    • Bartholin Ducts
  19. Perineum
    Strong, muscularArea between the vagina and the anus, capable of stretching for delivery
  20. innominate bones
    • 2 sets make up part of the female pelvis
    • made up of ilium, pubis and ischium
  21. femal pelvis types
    • gynecoid: best for vaginal birth, round
    • android: wedge-shaped, typical of males
    • anthrapoid: oval shaped
    • platypelloid: transverse oval, pt usually requires c-section
  22. alveoli
    • milk-secreting lobes within the breast
    • separated by adipose tissue
    • 15 - 20 lobes
    • does not affect breast size
Card Set
Maternity Chpt2
Maternity 2
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