ORGANIC CHEMISTRY REVIEW

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ejacoby0
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147074
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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY REVIEW
Updated:
2012-04-11 18:28:39
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Organic Chemistry
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  1. Alkene + Ozone & Hydrogen Peroxide
    Carboxyllic Acid
  2. CO2 + Grignard
    Carboxyllic Acid
  3. Anhydride + H2O
    Carboxyllic Acid
  4. Ester + Water/H+ and Heat
    Carboxyllic Acid
  5. Nitrile + Water/H+ and Heat
    Carboxyllic Acid
  6. Carboxyllic Acid + CH2N2
    Methyl Ester
  7. Carboxyllic Acid + Acid & R-OH & Heat
    Ester
  8. Carboxyllic Acid + SOCl2
    Acid Halide
  9. Carboxyllic Acid + LAH
    Primary Alcohol (Cleaves off =O)
  10. Ester + Acid & R-OH & Heat
    Transesterification
  11. Ester + DIBAL
    Aldehyde
  12. Ester + NaOH
    Carboxylate Salt
  13. Ketone + MCPBA
    Ester
  14. Acid Halide + NaOR or R-OH + Pyridine
    Ester
  15. Ester + LAH
    Primary Alcohol
  16. Acid Halide + Gilman
    Ketone
  17. Acid Halide + Water
    Carboxyllic Acid
  18. Acid Halide + 1,2, amine or NH3 (2 mol or 1 w/pyridine)
    Amide
  19. Acid Halide + NaOCOR or HO-COR & Pyridine
    Anhydride
  20. Amide + NaOH
    Carboxylate Salt
  21. Amide + P2O5
    Nitrile
  22. What is the Hoffman Rearrangement?
    When an Amide reacts with Sodium Hydroxide, Br2 and is heated, it forms an Amine MINUS 1 CARBON from the original reagent.
  23. Amide + LAH
    Amine (Cleaves Off =O)
  24. Anhydride + Amine
    Amide
  25. Dehydrate Alcohol into Alkenes?
    Concentrated H+ and HEAT
  26. How could you change a carboxyl group into an Alkene?
    Wiggins reagent Ph3P=R attaches its R group in place of the Oxygen.
  27. What does a Carbynol Reaction do?
    :C-C triple bond can reduce a ketone to an alcohol.
  28. What does Jones Reagent do?
    Jones reagent turns Alcohols into Carboxylic Acids OR Ketones.
  29. Which reagent would one use for Radical Halogenation?
    Br2 plus hv
  30. Where does the halogen go in a Radical Halogenation?
    Chlorine is not selective. Bromine, on the other hand, prefers secondary carbons.
  31. How could one convert R-OH -> R-O-R
    Williamson Synthesis
  32. How could one convert an Alkene to an alcohol?
    • Water and Concentrated H+ (M)
    • Oxy Mercuration Demurcuration (M)
    • or Hydroboration (AM)
  33. How could one convert an Alkene to R-X
    • HX, ROOR
    • NBS,Hv
    • HX
  34. How would one convert an alcohol to alkyl halide?
    • PX3
    • SOX2 and Pyridine
    • CBR4 and PPH3
    • HX
  35. What does PCC reagent do?
    Converts Alcohols into Aldehydes OR Ketones
  36. What does DMP reagent do?
    Converts Alcohols in Aldehydes OR Ketones
  37. How would you convert an aldehyde or ketone into an alcohol?
    NaBH4

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