History Chapters 37-39

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History Chapters 37-39
2012-04-11 21:36:56
37 39

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  1. World Bank
    agency of the united nations designed for post war reconstruction
  2. United Nations
    An international organization composed of most of the countries of the world. It was founded in 1945 to promote peace, security, and economic development.
  3. Four Freedoms
    freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from want, and freedom from fear of physical aggression
  4. Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    It universally declared human rights
  5. Nuremberg War Crimes Trials
    The first session of the German war crimes trials started at Berlin, Germany, with indictments against 24 former Nazi leaders.
  6. GI Bill of Rights
    • gave veterans money, houses, the ability to go to college
    • it promised federal funds and it was passed by an anonamas vote
  7. Geneva Conventions
    One of a series of agreements first formulated at an international convention held in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1864, establishing rules for the treatment of prisoners of war, the sick, and the wounded.
  8. International Criminal Court(ICC)
    • Permanent judicial body established by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998) to prosecute individuals accused of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity
    • Cold War
  9. Yalta Conference
    Conference of Allied leaders at Yalta to plan Germany's defeat in World War II
  10. Potsdam Conference
    • Allied conference held in the Berlin suburb of Potsdam after Germany's surrender in World War II.
    • met to discuss European peace settlements, the administration of defeated Germany, the demarcation of the boundaries of Poland, the occupation of Austria, the definition of the Soviet Union's role in eastern Europe, the determination of reparations, and the further prosecution of the war against Japan.
  11. UN Atomic Energy Comission
    The United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) was founded on 24 January 1946 to deal with the problems raised by the discovery of atomic energy.
  12. Iron Curtain
  13. Truman Doctrine
    Truman outlined a policy of containment to stop the spread of communism
  14. Marshall Plan
    • U.S. proposed this plan for European recovery
    • generous funding for rebuilding was offered to any european nation as long as the money was spent on U.S. goods
  15. Molotov Plan
    The Molotov Plan was the system created by the Soviet Union in 1947 in order to provide aid to rebuild the countries in Eastern Europe that were politically and economically aligned to the Soviet Union
  16. Proletariat
    The poorest class of working people
  17. Collectivism
    The principles or system of ownership and control of the means of production and distribution by the people collectively, usually under the supervision of a government.
  18. Superpower
    A powerful and influential nation, especially a nuclear power that dominates its allies or client states in an international power bloc
  19. Atomic Energy
    The energy released by a nuclear reaction
  20. Berlin Blockade
    when they blocked all transport into berlin
  21. North Atlantic Treaty
    A treaty signed on April 4, 1949, in Washington, D.C., by twelve independent nations including the United States, Canada, and several western European states. It was entered into force on August 24, 1949. It established an international military security alliance, known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO, to oppose Soviet expansionism in Europe after World War II.
  22. Organization NATO
    International military alliance created to defend western Europe against a possible Soviet invasion
  23. Warsaw Pact
    Military alliance of the Soviet Union, Albania (until 1968), Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania, formed in 1955 in response to West Germany's entry into NATO
  24. Korean War
    A conflict that lasted from 1950 to 1953 between North Korea, aided by China, and South Korea, aided by United Nations forces consisting primarily of U.S. troops
  25. H-Bomb
    Hydrogen Bomb
  26. Mutual Assured Destruction(MAD)
    Severe, unavoidable reciprocal damage that superpowers are likely to inflict on each other or their allies in a nuclear war, conceived as the heart of a doctrine of nuclear deterrence.
  27. Satellite nation
    a political term that refers to a country that is formally independent, but under heavy political and economic influence or control by another country
  28. Demilitarized zone
    zone between North Korea and South Korea
  29. Govert action
  30. arms race
    A competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons, especially between the U.S. and the former USSR during the Cold War.
  31. brinkmanship
    The practice, especially in international politics, of seeking advantage by creating the impression that one is willing and able to push a highly dangerous situation to the limit rather than concede.
  32. deterrence
    Measures taken by a state or an alliance of states to prevent hostile action by another state