Art history 2

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Art history 2
2012-04-11 19:44:26
Art History

Exam 2
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  1. Taj Mahal- Mughal Period

    -one of the most celebrated buildings in the world

    -built by mughal ruler Shah Jahan as a mausoleum for his favorite wife, Mumtaz-i-Mahal

    - hasht behisht- "eight paradises" a plan named for the 8 small chambers that ring the interior

    -iwan- vaulted opening with an arched portal

    -total of 16 chambers

    - domed ceilings
  2. Central Asian Origin
    Mugals were the most succesful of the many islamic groups that established themselves in india
  3. India
    • Art was mostly inspired by 3 religions:
    • 1. Buddhism
    • 2. Hinduism
    • 3. Jainism
  4. Budhist Art
    - Buddhist centers were concentrated in the northeast in the region rulled by the Pala Dynasty

    -attracted monks from China, Korea, and Japan then cultivating a form of buddihims known as Tantric (vajrayana) Mahayana
  5. Jain art
    -Spiritual leader called Mahavira

    -Mahavira regards to the final in a series of 24 saviors known as pathfinders, or tirthankavas

    -zone of pure existence at the zenith of the universe

    -Jain monks live a life of austerity and even laypersons avoid killing any living thing
  6. Hindu Art
    - dominant religious tradition of india

    - hindu temples spurred by the ambitious building programs of wealthy rulers, well formulated regional styles

    -spectacular structures of the era were monumental, with a complexity and grandeur of proportion unequaled

    -temples very complex and more moderatley scaled yet more richly ornamented individual temples

    - these developments took place in the south of india

    -temple building in north consolidated by islamic rule

    -mightest of the southern hindu kingdoms- vijayanagar

    - vijayanagar kings- viewed themselves as defenders and preservers of hindu faith and culture

    -lavished donation on sacred shrines
  7. The Birth of Mahavira (Kalpa Sutra)- Jain art

    • - region of Gujarat
    • -illustrated manuscript
    • -1st Jain manuscript on paper rather than palm leaf
    • -decorative pavilions and a shrine with peacocks on the roof suggest a luxurious palace setting
    • - 2 dimensional against red or blue ground
    • -the angles and tense curves is closely linked to the aesthetics of sanskrit caligraphy
  8. Nadir al-zaman- Jahangir and Shah Abbas- Mughal art

    • -imperrialism
    • -portrait
    • -sense of superiority and strength
    • - Jahangir is depicted more largerly
    • -Shah Abbas was a persian emperor
  9. Anish Kappor- As if to celebrate I Discovered a Mtn. Blooming with Red Flowers

    • - inspiration from his indian orgins
    • - contemporary
    • - pigments
    • - red and ocher mounds recall the vermilion
    • -Kappor represented Britain
  10. Wapepe Navigation Chart

    • -celestial navigation (navigating by the sun, moon and stars as well as ocean currents and trade winds)
    • -Sailors used this
    • - to teach navigaition used stick charts (wapepe or mattang)
    • -mattang- maps that showed land
    • -currents-sticks held together by cocunut fibers
    • -shell- marked islands on the route
    • -combination of clarity, simplicity, and abstration has an aesthetic impact
  11. Palace Door by Olowe of Ise- African Art

    • -yoruba people
    • - asymmetrical compostion combines narrative and symbolic scenes in horizontal and rectangular panels
    • - appear taller
    • -arinjale (king) of ise receiving Major Reeve Tucker, the first british traveling commisioner for the province
    • -lifting of breasts- gesture of generosity and affection peformed by elder women
    • -bottom panel is a human sacrifice
    • -2 rows of heads on left side of panel represent either ancestors of the arinjale or enemies taken in battle
  12. Mongols
    -nomadic people from the steppes north of china, began to amass an empire
  13. Zhao Mengfu- Autumn Colors on the Qiao and Hua Mountains

    • -handscroll
    • -red symbols-stamps of people who owned it
    • -depict landscape
    • -earlier tang dynasty
    • -tang dynasty was when the country was both militarily strong and culturally vibrant
    • - evoked a nostalgia not only for his friends distant homeland but also for chinas past
  14. Zhao Mengfu
    • favored literatti- hand scrolls, hanging scrolls or album leaves (book page)
    • -daoist thinking-nude in nature
    • -served yuan government and was made a high official
    • - known for his painting of horses
    • -"spirit of antiquity"
  15. Yin Hong- Hundreds of birds Admiring the Peacocks

    • -imperial courtstyle
    • -parallel thinking
    • -court style
    • -ming dynasty
    • -large painting on silk
    • - birds and flower genre, which was popular with artists of the song academy
    • -homage of birds to the peacocks represent the homage of court officials to emperor
    • Flask
    • -ming dynasty
    • -type of pottery
    • -porcelain
    • -vigorous decoration of dragons writhing above the sea
    • -flawless glazing embody the high achievement of Ming Artisans
    • -Xuande Emperor
    • -traditional chiniese archetecture
    • -ming dynasty
    • -walled rectangular city
    • - center reserved for mongols
    • -symetrical and logical
    • -horizonatal and vertical
    • -royal residense
  16. Shitao- Landscape

    • -monk
    • -qing dynasty
    • -individualist
    • -monk sits in a hut
    • -dots-vegetation on rocks
    • -rocks seem alive- about to swallow up the monk and hit hut
    • - identify himself with the fallen ming
    • -secured world turned to chaos
  17. Sin Yunbok- Picnic at the Lotus Pond

    • -Joseon Dynasty
    • -Korean style inspired by silhak or "practical learning"
    • -silhak attitude
    • -aristocratic figures in native korean garb
    • -album leaf
    • -gisaeng- female entertainers
    • -gayageum-stringed instrument, most hallow of all korean musical instruments
  18. Gopura of the Minakshi-Sundareshuara Temple -Hindu

    • -Hindu
    • -taller than ouside
    • -figural decoration
    • -temple of mandurai
    • -the focus of mandurai life
    • -dramatic features such as 1000 pillar halls, large ritual- bathing pools
    • -gopuras- entrance gate ways which tower above the temple site and the surrounding city like modern sky scrapers
    • -gopuras proliferated as the city grew
    • -11 gopuras
  19. Buddah Calling Earth to Witness -BUDHIST

    • -thervada budhism
    • - sri lanka- iconographical and stylistic elements reached a height of perfection
    • -interpreted as a flame of divine knowledge
    • -few elegant lines
    • -mudras-hand gestures
  20. Katsushika Hokusai- The Great Wave

    • -woodblock print
    • -36 views of mt. fuji
    • -souvenirs of their era
  21. Kano Eitoku- Fusuma

    • -Momoyama period
    • -fusuma-paper covered sliding doors
    • -left panel is the familar school theme of cranes and pine, both symbols of long life
    • -right panel is a great gnarled plum tree, symbol of spring
  22. Hon ami Koetsu- Teabowl, called Mount Fuji

    • -edo period
    • -famous asa calligrapher but also a painter
  23. Hakuin Ekaku- Giant Daruma (Bodhidharma)

    • -edo period
    • -zen form
    • -see your own nature and become buddha
    • -meditation in front of temple
  24. The Goddess Coatlicue

    • -aztec
    • -mother of huitzilopochtli
    • -mother goddes both protective and destructive
    • -coatilicue means "she of the serpent skirt"
    • -skirt of twisted snakes
    • -simple, bold, and blocky forms create and impression of solidity
    • -head chopped off
  25. Machu Picchu

    • -Inca
    • -9,000 ft above sealevel
    • - courtyard shrines
    • -religuous function
  26. Chilkat Blanket

    • - tlingit people
    • -mountain goatwool and shredded cedar bark
    • -men drew the patterns on the boards
    • -women woven the patterns into the blankets
    • -represents the body of a large stylized creature perhaps a sea bear (a fur seal)
    • -image has 2 basic elements:
    • 1. ovoid-a slightly bent rectangle with rounded corners
    • 2. formline-a continuous shape defining line
  27. Maria Montoya Martinez and Julian Martinez-Blackware Storage Jar

    • -best know pueldo potter
    • -ceramic
    • -womens are among pueblo people
    • -matte-dull non gloss
    • -matte black forms on a lustrous black background
  28. Asmat Ancestral Sprit Poles

    • -asmat-live in grasslands, known as head hunters and warriors
    • -to honor the dead the Asmat erected memorial poles covered with elaborate sculpture
    • - poles are known as mbis
    • -rituals surrounding them are intended to reestablish the balance between life and death
    • -house the souls of the recent dead
    • - after the mbis ceremonies the poles are abadoned and allowed to deteriorate
    • -trees-human beings
    • -fruit-human heads (equivalent to fruit eating birds)
  29. Moai Ancestor Figures

    • -eastern island, polynesia
    • -volcanic stone
    • -stone temples- "ma rae"
    • -stone altar platforms- "ahu"
    • -built near coast parallel to share
    • -most moais were knocked down and destroyed during the period of warfare
  30. Clifford Possum Tjapaltjarri- Man's Love Story

    • -abstract expressionism
    • -dots represent seeds, both from food
    • - paint on canvas
    • - founder of the papunya
    • - shifting colors and lights
    • -seems abstract but really but really conveys a narrative involving 2 mythical ancestors
    • 1. one ancestor came to papunya in search of honey ants (the left white U shape represents him seated in front of a water hole with an ants nest, represented by the concentric circles. The straight white line "journey line" represents his trek from the west
    • 2. the 2nd ancestor represented by the brown and white U-shaped form came from the east leaving foot prints and sat down by another water hole near by
  31. Twin Figures (Ere Ibeji)

    • -yoruba
    • -birth of twins is a joyful occasion
    • -dead child continues its life in spirit
    • -twin mean ere ibeji, when one dies a carving is made to serve as a dwelling place for the deceased twins spirit
    • - the figures are female
    • -artist is akiode
    • -health and well being
    • -beautiful glossy surfaces to sugest they are well fed
    • -represent hope for the future, for survival and for prosperity