Chapter 16 Government Test Questions

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Author:
deshinan.shs2012
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147108
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Chapter 16 Government Test Questions
Updated:
2012-04-11 21:03:10
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Judiciary
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Mrs. Diana Francis
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  1. The Warren Court had the greatest impact on which area of policy?
    Civil Rights
  2. Interest groups become involved in the federal judicial process in many ways EXCEPT:
    Running advertisements endorsing a judicial nominee.
  3. The decision of a federal court is most likely determined by:
    Precedents set in similar cases
  4. Which is a frequent outcome of a case on the Supreme Court's docket?
    It agrees with the decision of the lower court.
  5. What's the FINAL STEP in the Supreme Court's decision-making process?
    WRITING & DELIVERING the opinion of the Court.
  6. What does NOT accurately describe the FEDERAL court system?
    Federal courts do NOT handle cases involving any STATE laws.
  7. Congress influences the IDEOLOGY of the Supreme Court by. . .
    APPROVING OR REJECTING the Pres noms of justices.
  8. Courts of Appeal focus their ATTENTION on which aspect of a case?
    The PROCEDURES & INTERPRETATION of the law in the ORIGINAL CASE.
  9. Which statement is true about the cases in the Supreme Court's DOCKET?
    Cases pertaining to CIVIL LIBERTIES are more likely to be placed on the docket.
  10. A plaintiff cannot bring suit unless he or she has fulfilled which requirement?
    Established "standing to sue."
  11. A Supreme Court that creates precedent is described as one that relies on. . .
    Judicial activism
  12. Critics of judicial restraint would favor a Supreme Court that would. . .
    create new precedent.
  13. The apppointment of Supreme Court justices in the 1980s was characterized by. . .
    Bitter confirmation battles over PERSONAL & PHILOSOPHICAL positions of the nominees.
  14. What is the prescribed basis to increase the size of the Supreme Court if they make unpopular decisions?
    Congress.
  15. What was a major reason the Supreme Court ruled that state-approved TERM LIMITS for Congress were unconstitutional?
    The age, resedency and citizenship requirements in the Constitution could be altered only by a Constitutional AMENDMENT.
  16. People who advocate a Supreme Court that creates precedent that results in NEW legislation believe in:
    Judicial Activism
  17. One way Congress can respond to a Supreme Court ruling that declares a law unconstitutional is to:
    Pass new legislation that addresses the issues raised by the Court.
  18. What CORRECTLY states the relationship between the federal and state JUDICIARIES?
    The two are generally AUTONOMOUS, although federal courts may rule on the constitutionality of state decisions.
  19. Which is NOT specifically mentioned in the Constitution?
    Judicial review
  20. Federal district courts do not try military cases, claims brought against the US Government, or tax disputes between citizens and the government because
    Congress has created SPECIAL legislative COURTS to deal specifically with such cases.
  21. A "writ of certiorari" indicates that the Appellate Court...
    will review a lower court decision.
  22. A Supreme Court that demonstrated the willingness to change public policy and alter judicial precedent is said to be engaging in:
    Judicial Activism
  23. The term "prior restraint" would most likely be used in which action?
    Censorship
  24. Keeping legal precedents in mind, what case would be successful?
    A politician suing a newspaper for printing unsubstantiated rumors that he is a SPY for a foreign country.
  25. The correct path for a case in the federal courts would be:
    • 1. District Court
    • 2. Court of Appeals
    • 3. Supreme Court
  26. The Supreme Court would be given ORIGINAL jurisdiction in which case?
    New Jersey files a suit against New York involving navigation rights on the Hudson River.
  27. The Double Jeaopardy Clause of the Federal Constitution protects the civil liberties by:
    Preventing an acquitted defendant from being charged twice for the same criminal charge.
  28. What statement about the Supreme Court & economic policy is most accurate?
    In the decades after the civil war, the Supreme Court played a major role in economic policy.
  29. Marbury v. Madison is considered a critical Supreme Court case because it established the precedent of:
    Judicial review

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