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using drugs to alter neurotransmitter levels to treat psychological disorders.
minor tranquilizers are used to reduce anxiety usually by increasinng the ability of the neurotransmitter GABA to bind at synapses
used to treat agitation, alcohol withdrawl, insomnia, and muscle spasms
three types of anit-depressent drugs
- 1. TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANTS
- 2. MONOAMINE OXIDASE (MAO) INHIBITORS
- 3.SELECTIVE SEROTONIN REUPTAKE INHIBITORS
reduce the reuptake of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine, making more of these chemical messerngers available at the synapse
prevent MAO from breaking down norepinephrine and serotonin and thus increase their levels in the brain
MONOAMINE OXIDASE (MAO) INHIBITORS
drugs used to treat bipolar disorders (reduce mania and raise depressive mood) lithium
SSRI's used for treatment of depression prozac
SELECTIVE SEROTONIN REUPTAKE INHIBITORS
Drugs that reduce the syptoms of schizophrenia by blocking dopamine receptors in the brain.
Long term use can lead to Tardive Dyskinesia - involuntary motor symptoms such as lip smacking
can eliminate symptoms but have side effects that could also lead to more serious problems
EVALUATING DRUG THERAPY
ECT biomedical treatment in which an electric current is passed through the brain to induce a seizure, most often used to treat severe depression
alterat6ion of brain tissue in an attempt to alleviate psychological disorders
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