Biomedical Therapies

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Author:
BrendaKSmith
ID:
147271
Filename:
Biomedical Therapies
Updated:
2012-04-12 14:09:28
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Biomedical Therapies pysc chp 13
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biomedical therapies
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  1. using drugs to alter neurotransmitter levels to treat psychological disorders.
    DRUG THERAPY
  2. minor tranquilizers are used to reduce anxiety usually by increasinng the ability of the neurotransmitter GABA to bind at synapses
    ANTIANXIETY DRUGS
  3. used to treat agitation, alcohol withdrawl, insomnia, and muscle spasms
    BENZODIAZEPINES-VALIUM, XANAX
  4. three types of anit-depressent drugs
    • 1. TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANTS
    • 2. MONOAMINE OXIDASE (MAO) INHIBITORS
    • 3.SELECTIVE SEROTONIN REUPTAKE INHIBITORS
  5. reduce the reuptake of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine, making more of these chemical messerngers available at the synapse
    TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANTS
  6. prevent MAO from breaking down norepinephrine and serotonin and thus increase their levels in the brain
    MONOAMINE OXIDASE (MAO) INHIBITORS
  7. drugs used to treat bipolar disorders (reduce mania and raise depressive mood) lithium
    MOOD STABILIZERS
  8. SSRI's used for treatment of depression prozac
    SELECTIVE SEROTONIN REUPTAKE INHIBITORS
  9. Drugs that reduce the syptoms of schizophrenia by blocking dopamine receptors in the brain.

    Long term use can lead to Tardive Dyskinesia - involuntary motor symptoms such as lip smacking
    • ANTIPSYCOTIC DRUGS
  10. can eliminate symptoms but have side effects that could also lead to more serious problems
    EVALUATING DRUG THERAPY
  11. ECT biomedical treatment in which an electric current is passed through the brain to induce a seizure, most often used to treat severe depression
    ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY
  12. alterat6ion of brain tissue in an attempt to alleviate psychological disorders
    PSYCHOSURGERY

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