Motivation and Work

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Motivation and Work
2012-04-12 18:55:30

Exam 3
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  1. motivation
    a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
  2. instinct
    a xomplex behavior that is rigidly pattered throughout a species and is unlearned
  3. drive-reduction theory
    the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need
  4. homeostasis
    • a tendency to maintain a blanced or constant internal state
    • the regulation of any aspect of body, chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
  5. incentive
    a postive or negative enviromental stimulus that motivates behavior
  6. hierarchy of needs
    maslows pyramid of human needs, beging at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisified before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active
  7. physiological needs
    need to satisfy hunger and thirst
  8. safety needs
    need to fel that the world is organized and predictable; need to feel safe
  9. belongingness and love needs
    need ot love and be loves, to belond and be accepted; need to aviod loneliness and separation
  10. esteem needs
    • need for self-esteem
    • achievement
    • competence
    • independence
    • need for recognition and respect from others
  11. self actualiation needs
    need to live up to our fullest and unique potential
  12. self-transcendence
    need to find meaning and identity beyond the self
  13. glucose
    • the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues
    • when the level is low we feel hunger
  14. set point
    • the point at shich an individuals "weight thermostat" is suppposedly set.
    • when the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic ratemay act to restore the lost weight
  15. basal metabolic rate
    the body's resting rate of energy expenditure
  16. anorexia nervosa
    person becomes significantly under weight and yet feelsfat so they starve
  17. bullima
    overeating fatty foods and using vomiting or excessive excercise to lose the food