chapter 24

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chapter 24
2012-04-12 19:30:53

Industrialization and Imperialism: The Making of the European Global Order
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  1. What were the aspects of imperialism in the period following European industrialization?
    -the search for raw materials to feed the machines of Europe -the search for markets for European manufactured products -the establishment of European colonies in the interior of Africa and Asia
  2. Which grouop most responsible for the early stages of colonization in Java?
    overseas agents
  3. In what way was the intrusion of the British East India Company in India similar to the Dutch entry into Java?
    the intervention into local squabbles among indigenous princes in return for authority over land
  4. In what year did the British East India Company win the critical battle of Plassey?
  5. The bulk of the territories that the British East India Company ruled directly were administered through the three
  6. State something accurate about the Indian resistance to British colonialism.
    Indian princes continued to fear and fight with each other despite the ever growing power of the British Raj.
  7. The intrusion of Europeans into early colonial society...
    left the old ruling families in charge of day-to-day administration.
  8. Nabobs were
    representatives of the British East India Company who went out to secure sudden wealth, often through corruption.
  9. Lord Cornwallis
    introduced sweeping reforms to reduce the power of local administrators in India in the 1790s.
  10. What was the most critical issue for reformers in the 1830s?
    the ritual immolation of Hindu wives on the funeral pyres of their deceased husbands
  11. What nation dominated overseas trade and imperial advance in the first half of the nineteenth century?
  12. Which of the following nations did not enter the competitive race for colonial empire and industrial supremacy after 1870?
  13. African and Asian peoples often fiercely resisted colonial rule, although without realistic chances of permanent success.
  14. What were the "White Dominions"?
    colonies with substantial majorities of white, European immigrants
  15. What is an example of a "contested settler colony"?
    New Zealand
  16. What was one of the greatest changes in relationships between European colonizers and indigenous populations after 1870?
    Laws were passed forbidding sexual relations between Europeans and the indigenous population.
  17. State something accurate concerning the internal economies of the European colonies.
    Colonial economies were steadily reduced to dependence on the European-dominated global market.
  18. In what year did the United States annex the Hawaiian islands as a colony?
  19. In the 1620s the Dutch were content to become the vassals of the kingdom of __________.
  20. In their wars of conquest, the British relied heavily on troops recruited from the Indian troops called __________ recruited from throughout the subcontinent.
  21. The rise of the British __________ in India owed much to the rivalry between the British and the French.
  22. In the key battle of __________ fought in 1757, British and Indian recruits defeated an Indian army of nearly 50,000.
  23. The architect of the British victory in India was __________.
    Robert Clive
  24. Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta became the administrative centers of the three __________ that made up the bulk of the territory that Britain ruled in India.
  25. In many areas of India, the British were content to leave Indian rulers in control of their __________ States.
  26. The venality and misgovernment of the Indian __________ resulted in the catastrophic Bengal famine of 1770.
  27. A succession of reforms in India culminated in sweeping measures taken in the 1790s by Lord __________.
  28. Martial peoples like the Zulus in South Africa had the courage and discipline to defeat sizeable British forces as at __________ in 1879.
  29. The greater portion of European empires consisted of __________ in Africa, Asia, and the South Pacific in which small numbers of Europeans ruled large numbers of non-Western peoples.
    tropical dependencies
  30. In __________ the descendants of European settlers made up the overwhelming majority of the population.
    White Dominions
  31. In __________ colonies Europeans and indigenous peoples increasingly clashed over land rights, resource control, social status, and differences in culture.
    contested settler
  32. The British followed the Boer pioneers along the southern and eastern coast of South Africa, eventually establishing a major outpost at Durban in __________.
  33. Transvaal and the Orange Free State were two __________ republics...
  34. When diamonds were discovered in the Orange Free State in 1867, British entrepreneurs such as __________ began to move in.
    Cecil Rhodes
  35. The __________ raged from 1899 to 1902 in South Africa and began the process of decolonization for the European settlers of South Africa.
    Boer War
  36. Hawaii was opened to the West through the voyages of Captain __________ from 1777 to 1779.
    James Cook
  37. King __________ of Hawaii promoted economic change, encouraging Western merchants to establish export trade in Hawaiian goods in return for increasing revenues to the royal treasury.