chapter 27

Card Set Information

Author:
TOYOMAMA0118
ID:
147331
Filename:
chapter 27
Updated:
2012-04-12 20:53:16
Tags:
forthoselookinggray
Folders:

Description:
Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user TOYOMAMA0118 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Which region defied the common pattern of increasing Western domination in the nineteenth century?
    Russia and Japan
  2. State something accurate concerning the development of Russia and Japan prior to 1914.
    Both Russia and Japan had programs of industrialization underway by 1914, but were unable to rival the industrial might of the West.
  3. The Stolypin reforms
    granted greater freedom to the peasantry from redemption payments.
  4. State something concerning Russia's territorial expansion.
    • -Russia supported nationalist movements in the Balkans. -Russia continued to press for territorial acquisitions in the Ottoman Empire.
    • -No massive acquisitions marked the early nineteenth century.
  5. The Crimean War...
    was won by Western nations because of industrial advantages over Russia.
  6. What were the considerations in the reform of serfdom?
    • -Peasant uprisings focused on lack of freedom, undue obligation, and lack of land.
    • -Emancipation was designed to retain the tight grip of the tsarist state.
    • -Some aristocrats were convinced that a free labor system would produce higher profits.
    • -Leaders were stung by Western criticism of the injustice of Russian society.
  7. Local political councils introduced as part of Alexander II's program of reform were called...
    zemstvoes.
  8. One of the important results of the establishment of railway systems in Russia was the opening of
    Siberia
  9. Count Witte
    served as minister of finance from 1892 to 1903.
  10. What was present during the Russian program of industrialization?
    rich, natural resources.
  11. The political goal of the Russian anarchists was...
    the abolition of all formal government in Russia.
  12. Which group used terrorism as their chief political method?
    anarchists
  13. Russian Marxists
    believed that Russia could have a proletarian revolution without going through a distinct middle-class stage.
  14. State something concerning the nineteenth-century Tokugawa Shogunate.
    The Shogunate continued to combine a central bureaucracy with semi-feudal alliances with regional daimyos and the samurai.
  15. Which group in Tokugawa Japan advocated concentration of specifically Japanese culture?
    national studies group
  16. What were the policies of the new Meiji government?
    • -abolition of feudalism
    • -establishing a system of nationally appointed prefects
    • -expanding state power
    • -launching samurai learning expeditions to the West.
  17. What were the effects of industrialization in Japan?
    • -universal education
    • -Western fashions
    • -a shift in Japanese foreign policy
    • -massive population growth
  18. Alexander I sponsored the __________ idea at the Congress of Vienna, which grouped the conservative monarchies of Russia, Prussia, and Austria in defense of religion and the established order.
    Holy Alliance
  19. Western values also inspired a minor but disturbing political revolt, the __________ rising, in 1825.
    Decembrist
  20. Nicholas I provoked conflict with the Ottoman Empire in 1853, the __________ War.
    Crimean
  21. In some ways the Russian __________ of the serfs in 1861 was more generous than the liberation of the slaves in America.
    emancipation
  22. Tsar Alexander II created local political councils, the __________, that had a voice in regional policies.
    zemstvoes
  23. The establishment of the __________ railroad, which connected European Russia with the Pacific, was the crowning achievement of the drive to improve communications.
    trans-Siberian
  24. Under Count __________, minister of finance from 1892 to 1903, the government enacted high tariffs to protect new Russian industry.
    Witte
  25. The __________horizontala Russian term denoting articulate intellectuals as a classhorizontalformed a self-conscious group bent on radical change.
    intelligentsia
  26. Many Russian radicals were __________, who sought the abolition of all formal government.
    anarchists
  27. __________ was assassinated by a terrorist bomb in 1881.
    Alexander II
  28. One of the most active __________ leaders was Vladimir Ilyrich Ulyanov, known as Lenin.
    Marxist
  29. Lenin's approach animated the group of Russian Marxists known as __________, or majority party.
    Bolsheviks
  30. War broke out between Russia and __________ in 1904, leading to a disastrous Russian defeat.
    Japan
  31. Unexpected defeat in war unleashed massive protests on the Russian home front in the __________.
    Revolution of 1905
  32. Russian liberals were wooed through the creation of national parliament, the __________.
    duma
  33. Following the Revolution of 1905, minister __________ introduced an important series of reforms.
    Stolypin
  34. A Czech scientist, __________, advanced the understanding of genetics.
    Gregor Mendel
  35. A Russian physiologist, __________, experimenting on conditioned reflexes, explained unconscious responses in human beings.
    Ivan Pavlov
  36. Japanese commoner schools or __________ taught reading, writing, and the rudiments of Confucianism to ordinary people.
    terakoya
  37. After 1720 a group of Japanese scholars interested in __________ studies created new interest in Western scientific advance.
    Dutch
  38. The American commodore __________ arrived at Edo Bay in 1853 and insisted that Americans be allowed to trade.
    Mathew Perry
  39. Centralized government returned to Japan in 1868 with the __________ Restoration.
    Meiji
  40. The Japanese constitution of 1889 assured major powers for the emperor along with a parliament or __________.
    Diet
  41. By the 1890s huge new industrial combines called __________ were being formed in Japan.
    zaibatsu
  42. Japan's quick victory over __________ in the quarrel for influence over Korea in 1894-1895 marked the first step in colonial expansion.
    China

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview