181. Which of the following statements is true about lead-poisoning?1. The child suffering from acute lead intoxication presents a medical emergency.2. It is hard to detect since lead is normally present in the blood.3. It is a silent disease, because there are no warning signs or chronic symptoms.4. None of the above.
(1) A toxic condition caused by ingestion or inhalation of lead or lead compounds; the acute form of intoxication ischaracterized by a burning sensation in the mouth and esophagus, colic, constipation, or diarrhea, mental disturbances,and paralysis of the extremities, followed in severe cases by convulsions and muscular collapse. If ingested, treatment commences with gastric lavage with magnesium or sodium sulfate, fluid therapy followed by chelation with IM injectionof calcium disodium edentate, or for severe cases, British antilewisite. Encephalopathy must be anticipated in childrenwith lead poisoning.