Religions of the World

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Religions of the World
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2010-04-18 16:48:54
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Religions of the World
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  1. Another word for India
    Hindustan
  2. Another word for an Indian
    Hindu or Hindi
  3. The absolute, the ultimate ground underlying everything; the reality that is the source of all being and all knowing
    Brahman
  4. The eternal self or soul, identical to Brahman; the self or inner essence of the universe of man
    Atman
  5. The cycle of rebirths
    Samsara
  6. The oneness with Brahmen-Atman which extinguishes any sense of individuality and is attained when one is released from the cycle of reincarnation
    Nirvana (Hindu)
  7. The experience of oneness with Brahman-Atman attainable in this life; the experience of enlightenment which guarantees release from the round of rebirths at death
    Samadhi
  8. A technique of transcending the senses to bring one to release; also release itself. It is the name of the fourth permissible goal of life.
    Moksha
  9. "The Way" in Hinduism
    Dharma
  10. The moral law of cause and effect by which one reaps what one sows. In ____________ it becomes a law by which all of one's deeds, from all of one's lives are balanced against eachother to determine the nature of one's next incarnation
    Karma
  11. Religious meditation
    Yoga
  12. The power of knowledge real wisdom and intellect
    Jnana
  13. sanskrit word for "devotion" show an active desire of the devotee
    Bhakti
  14. The hindu trinity of Gods, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva
    Trimurti
  15. The "descent of the divine"; the incarnation of Vishnu in different animal and human formations. Traditionally there are ten such avatars: Matsya (fish), kurma (tortoise), varaha (boar), narasimba (the man lion), Vamana (the dwarf), Parasurama (Rama with Ax), Rama, Krishna, Buddha, and Kali at the end of time.
    Avatar
  16. Noninjury, nonviolence, noncoercion, a reverence for all life
    Ahimsa
  17. Community adjacent to an ISKCON temple in which members live
    Ashram
  18. Hindu Templle
    Mandir
  19. Hindu Prayer Service
    Orati
  20. Third God of the Trimurti. Associated with storms, mountains and herbs, a destroyer God, destroys that which is harmful Blue skinned, Husband of Shakti
    Shiva
  21. Has a bunch of different Avatars and a close involvement with the World. The preserver God
    Vishnu
  22. Son of Lord Shiva. Depicted as a human with the head of an elephant.
    Ganesh
  23. Creator God. Doesn't have a significant following in India.
    Brahma
  24. The four books of knowledge to Hindu devotees
    The four Vedas
  25. Deal with cosmic realities (literally "sitting near a teacher")
    Upanishads
  26. One of the main Hindu epics. Written in the third century by Valkimi. In the story Rama is exiled form his kingdom. Sita and Lakshmi is captured by a demon.
    Ramayana
  27. The longest epic in the world. 4 times the length of the Bible and one of the main Hindu epics
    Mahabbarta
  28. Part of the Mahabartta and about Krishna a charioteer for Arjuna in some battle. Influential on Hindu Bakti
    Bhagavad Gita
  29. Concerned with Hindu myth, lore and legend. There are 18 of them.
    Purana
  30. Illustrates the caste system, and lots of other administrative shit. Societal roles, diet, government, etc. Composed in 200 BC
    The Laws of Manu
  31. First jewel of Buddhism
    I take refuge in the buddha
  32. second jewel of buddhism
    I take refuge in the dharma
  33. third jewel of Buddhism
    I take refuge in the Sangha (Monastic Order)
  34. First of the Buddhist noble truths
    Life is pain
  35. second of Buddhist noble truths
    Selfish desire and ego are the origin of pain and suffering
  36. third of the buddhist 4 noble truths
    Craving and desire can be eliminated easing suffering in this life
  37. 4th of the buddhist 4 noble truths
    The eightfold middle path leads to the extinction of suffering
  38. First of the eightfold middle path
    Right views
  39. second on the eightfold middle path
    Right thought (free from Ill Will)
  40. Third on the buddhist eightfold middle path
    Right speech (no lying, no gossip, no harsh language)
  41. 4th on the buddhist eightfold middle path
    Right action - no violence, no killing, no illicit sex
  42. 5th on the buddhist eightfold middle path
    Right livlihood - earn a living causing no harm to anyone (Ahimsa)
  43. 6th item on the eightfold middle path (only attainable by Buddhist monks)
    Right efforts (to avoid, to overcome, to develop, to maintain)
  44. 7th item on the buddhist eightfold middle path
    Right mindfulness (to be fully conscious of one's actions)
  45. 8th item on the buddhist eightfold middle path (attainable only by Buddhist monks)
    Right concentration (to fixate on a single subject)
  46. In buddhist tradition, releas efrom limitations of existence and of reincarnation. the supreme goal in life of a buddhist, attainable by right aspiration, purity and elimination of egoism.
    Nirvana
  47. Theravada view on Nirvana
    Escape from life by the overcoming of its attractions
  48. Mahayana viewpoint on Nirvana
    Fruition of life, unfolding of infinite possibilities of the innate buddha-nature and exalts the saint who remains in touch with life rather than the saint who relinquishes all connection with it
  49. Occurred after the death of the Buddha. 500 sangha present. Triptaka Took place in 482 BCE
    First Buddhist Council
  50. Occured in 450 BCE. Debate about the strict disciplines of Buddha. Resulted in an (acrimonious) split into different groups
    Second Buddhist Council
  51. School of Buddha. Means "Way of the Elders". Another term applied to it is hinayana which means "lesser vehicle." Most closely approximates the doctrines of Buddha. The Doctrine is one of "self help." No deities provide assstance in gaining release from the wheel. Spread mostly throughout southeast Asia
    Theravada
  52. Another name for Theravada Buddhism "lesser vehicle"
    Hinayana
  53. School of Buddhism which means "Greater Vehicle" Differs from Theravada because its teaching contain a multitude of Heavenly beings who assist their worshipers . Nirvana becomes a "Place" and not just a state of mind. Grew primarily into China, Korea and Japan. Sometimes called Northern Buddhism
    Mahayana Buddhism
  54. School of Buddhism literally meaning "vehicle of the thunderbolt." Adherents expect to attain enlightenment through magical power. Grew in Northeast India in the 8th century and spread to Tibet in the 11th century and included Tibet, Mongolia and other region of Central Asia
    Vajrayana Buddhism
  55. Buddhist order of monks founded by the Buddha himself
    Sangha
  56. A Theravada Buddhist Temple
    Wat
  57. A form of Mahayana Buddhism that seeks enlightenment specifically through meditation. Called "Shin" in Japanese Traditions
    Zen Buddhism
  58. Lived from 563-a83 BCE. Rich kid wanted to get out of that shit.
    Siddharta Guatama
  59. The Buddha of infinite Light. "Lord of the western land."
    Amitaba
  60. A boddhisatva, and a buddha of the future in existence now?
    Maitreya
  61. Combination of the chinese words for "Gods" and "Way" (Shen and Tao)
    Shinto
  62. Gate before a shrine which separates the mundane world from the sacred enclosure
    Tori
  63. Powers of divine beings which reside in all things. They can bless or cause unhappiness in life
    Kami
  64. Primeval Kami of the sky in shinto tradition. He and his wife Izanami created the Japanese Islands
    Izanagi
  65. Primeval Kami of the sky. She gave birth to the Japanese islands and a bunch of deities.
    Izanami
  66. The storm God and misheivious brother of Amaterasu. He was created when Izanagi washed his nose
    Susano
  67. The Sun Goddess who was born when Izanagi washed his left eye. Graphic symbol on Japan's flag.
    Amaterasu
  68. Patriotic institution of Japanese religion, over spiritual one. Developed under Meiji's regime.
    State Shinto
  69. Type of Shrine Shinto developed by a woman named Nakayama Miki. Nicknamed the christian science of Japan because of belief in magical healing
    Tenrikyo
  70. A follower of Nanak and a word meaning "Disciple."
    Sikh
  71. Lived from 1469-1539. The founder of Sikhism
    Guru Nanak
  72. Lived from 1666-1708. The tenth guru and the one who established the Khalsa
    Gobind Singh
  73. The temple in Amritsar which is especially sacred to Sikhs
    The Golden Temple
  74. Release from the round of rebirths. This is the Sikh variation on the Sanskrit word "Moksha"
    Mukti
  75. "The revered Book" in Sikh traditions. The original name for Sikh scriptures
    Granth Sahib
  76. First S of the Sikh way of life. Meditation
    Simran
  77. Second S in the Sikh way of life. Service
    Seva
  78. Third and most important S in Sikh way of life. The company of enlightened souls
    Sanghat
  79. First K of Khalsa. Uncut hair and beard. Respect for natural laws.
    Kesh
  80. Comb. Second K of Khalsa. Symbolizes the controlling of mind and body.
    Kangha
  81. Steel bracelet; symbolizes the oneness of God and the unity of man, third K in the khalsa
    Kara
  82. Short dagger; symbolizes dignity, self defense and the just use of power
    Kirpan
  83. The name for God which means "one true name"
    Ik Oankar
  84. Spiritual leader. There is only one at a time. Represent the divine presence of God
    Guru
  85. Lived 551-479 BCE. Founder of Confucianism. Name is K'ung fu-tzu.
    Confucius
  86. Collection of sayings of confucius compiled by his disciples one of the four books
    Lun Yu
  87. "human-heartedness" or "true manhood" the ideal attribute and goal of a confucian education
    Jen (Ren)
  88. Filial piety, the respect due to parents, elders and superiors
    Hsaio
  89. "book of mencius" one of the four books, Mencius sayings and writings
    Meng Tzu
  90. First relationship in confucianism
    Father to Son
  91. Second relationship in confucianism
    Elder Brother to younger brother
  92. Third relationship in relationship.
    Husband to wife
  93. Fourth confucian relationship
    elder to junior
  94. fifth confucian relationship
    ruler to subject

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