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what is the FM for drill and ceremony?
What are the four rest positions?
at ease, at rest, parade rest, stand at easy
what are the steps per minute?
- quicktime: 120
- doubletime: 180
what is the AR for military customs & courtesies?
When do you salute indoors?
- when reporting to a board
- pay officer
- indoor ceremonies
- at sentry duty indoors
what is the FM for M4?
What is the meters for a m4?
- 500 point
- 600 area
- 3600 max
what is the immediate action?
what is the FM for M249?
what is the meters for M249?
600 point. 800 area. 3600 max.
what is the weight of a m249?
What is the FM for M9?
What is the FM for M19?
What is the FM for 50 Cal?
what is the FM for physical fitness?
what is the FM for first aid?
what is the FM CBRN?
what is the AR for military justice?
What is the FM for leadership?
What is the FM for counseling?
FM 6-22 apendix b
what is the AR for uniforms?
what are the 3 safety features of a M9?
decocking, safety levers, firing pin
what are the 8 steps of functioning?
what is the counseling form?
DA form 4856 E
what are the 3 approaches to counseling?
- non directive
what are the 3 major categories of developmental counseling?
- professional growth
what are the 4 stages of the counseling process?
- identify the need for counseling
- prepare counseling
- conduct counseling
- follow up
what are some techniques leaders may use during the directive approach to counseling?
corretive training, commanding
the NCO support channel was recognized what year?
20 December 1976
what does FM 6-22 cover?
army leadership (competent, confident and agile)
what does FM 7-0 cover?
training the force
leadership is influencing people by providing purpose, direction and motivation while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization.
what is purpose?
purpose gives subordinates the reason to act in order to achieve a desired outcome
what is direction?
providing clear direction involves communicating how to accomplish a mission: prioritizing tasks, assigning responsibility for completion and ensuring subordinates understand the standard
what is motivation?
motivation supplies the will to do what is necessary to accomplish the mission
describe the "be, know and do"
army leadership begins with what the leader must BE, the values and attributes that shape a leader's character. Your skills are those things you KNOW how to do, your competence in everything from the technical side of your job to the people skills a leader requires. character and knowledge while absolutely necessary are not enough. you cannot be effective, you cannot be a leader, until you apply what you know, until you act and DO what you must.
what are the three principal ways that leaders can develop others through which they provide knowledge and feedback?
- 1. counseling
- 2. coaching
- 3. mentoring
a leaders effectiveness is dramatically enhanced by understanding and developing what areas?
- 1. military bearing
- 2. physical fitness
- 3. confidence
- 4. resilience
what is military bearing?
projecting a commanding presence, a professional image of authority
what is physical fitness?
having sound health, strength and endurance, which sustain emotional health and conceptual abilities under prolonged stress
what is confidence?
projecting self-confidence and certainty in the unit's ability to succeed in whatever it does; able to demonstrate composure and outward calm through steady control over emotion.
what is resilience?
showing a tendency to recover quickly from setbacks, shock, injuries, adversity, and stress while maintaining a mission and organizational focus
what are the three core domains that shape the critical learning experiences throughout Soldiers' and leaders' careers?
- 1. institutional training
- 2. training, education and job experience gained during operational assignments
- 3. self-development
what are the leader actions?
- 1. influencing- getting people (soldiers, army civilians and multinational partners) to do what is necessary
- 2. operating- the actions taken to influence others to accomplish missions and to set the stage for future operartions
- 3. improving- capturing and acting on important lessons of ongoing and completed project and missions
what are the three levels of leadership?
- 1. direct- direct leadership is face-to-face, first-line leadership
- 2. organizational- organizational leaders influence several hundred to several thousand people. they do this indirectly, generally through more levels of subordinates than they do direct leaders
- 3. strategic- strategic leaders include military and DA civilian leaders at the major command through Department of Defense levels. Strategic leaders are responsible for large organizations and influence several thousand to hundreds of thousands of people.
what are the army values?
- 1. loyalty
- 2. duty
- 3. respect
- 4. selfless service
- 5. honor
- 6. integrity
- 7. personal courage
attributes of an army leader can best be defined as what an army leader is. what are the attributes of an army leader?
- 1. a leader of character
- 2. a leader with presence
- 3. a leader with intellectual capacity
core leader competencies are what an army leader does. what are the core leader competencies?
- 1. an army leader leads
- 2. an army leader develops
- 3. an army leader achieves
why must leaders introduce stress into training?
using scenarios that closely resemble the stresses and effects of the real battlefield is essential to victory and survival in combat
what are intended and unintended consequences?
- -intended consequences are the anticipated results of a leaders' decisions and actions
- -unintended consequences arise from unplanned events that affect the organization or accomplishment of the mission
what is communication?
a process of providing information
name the two barriers of communication
- 1. physical
- 2. psychological
name some physical barriers of communication?
- 1. noise of battle
- 2. distance
what is counseling?
counseling is the process used by leaders to review with a subordinate the subordinate's demonstrated performance and potential
what are the three major categories of developmental counseling?
- 1. event counseling
- 2. performance counseling
- 3. professional growth counseling
character is essential to successful leadership. what are the three major factors that determine a leader's character?
- 1. army values
- 2. empathy
- 3. warrior ethos
what are the 7 steps to problem solving?
- 1. ID the problem
- 2. gather information
- 3. develop criteria
- 4. generate possible solutions
- 5. analyze possible solutions
- 6. compare possible solutions
- 7. make and implement the decision
what is reverse planning?
reverse planning is a specific technique used to ensure that a concept leads to the intended end state
to assess subordinates, leaders you must-
- 1. observe and record subordinates' performance in the core leader competencies
- 2. determine if the performances meet, exceed, or fall below expected standards
- 3. tell subordinates what was observed and give an opportunity to comment
- 4. help subordinates develop an individual development plan (IDP) to improve performance
what are the team building stages?
- 1. formation
- 2. enrichment
- 3. sustainment
name some things in a unit that affects morale
- 1. mess
- 2. military justice
- 3. mail
- 4. supply
- 5. billets
What are some techniques leaders may use during the directive approach to counseling?
- 1. Corrective Training
- 2. Commanding
What Field Manual covers counseling?
FM 6-22 Appendix B
What are the characteristics of effective counseling?
- 1. Purpose: Clearly define the purpose of the counseling.
- 2. Flexibility: Fit the counseling style to the character of each subordinate and to the relationship desired.
- 3.Respect: View subordinates as unique, complex individuals, each with a distinct set of values, beliefs, and attitudes.
- 4. Communication: Establish open, two-way communication with subordinates using spoken language, nonverbal actions, gestures, and body language. Effective counselors listen more than they speak.
- 5. Support: Encourage subordinates through actions while guiding them through their problems.
What are the three approaches to counseling?
- 1. directive
- 2. non-directive
- 3. combined
Explain the advantages and disadvantages of Directive counseling.
- 1. quickest method
- 2. good for people who need clear, concise direction
- 3. allows counselors to actively use their experience
- 1. doesn't encourage subordinates to be part of the solution
- 2. tends to treat symptoms, not problems
- 3. tends to discourage subordinates from talking freely
- 4. solution is the counselor's, not the subordinate's
explain the advantages and disadvantages of non-directive counseling
- 1. encourages maturity
- 2. encourages open communication
- 3. develops personal responsibility
- 1. more time-consuming
- 2. requires greatest counselor skill
explain the advantages and disadvantages of combined counseling.
- 1. moderately quick
- 2. encourages maturty
- 3. encourages open communication
- 4. allows counselors to actively use their experience
- 1. may take too much time for some situations
what are the three major categories of developmental counseling?
- 1. event counseling
- 2. performance counseling
- 3. professional growth counseling
What are some examples of Event counseling?
- 1. Instances of superior or substandard performance
- 2. Reception and Integration Counseling
- 3. Crisis Counseling
- 4. Referral Counseling
- 5. Promotion Counseling
- 6. Separation Counseling
What areas would you cover in a reception and integration counseling?
- 1. Chain of command familiarization
- 2. Organizational standards
- 3. Security and safety issues
- 4. Noncommissioned officer (NCO) support channel (who is in it and how it is used)
- 5. On- and off-duty conduct
- 6. Personnel/personal affairs/initial and special clothing issue
- 7. Organizational history, structure, and mission
- 8. Soldier programs within the organization, such as Soldier of the Month/Quarter/Year, and educational and training opportunities
- 9. Off limits and danger areas
- 10. Functions and locations of support activities
- 11. On- and off-post recreational, educational, cultural, and historical opportunities
- 12. Foreign nation or host nation orientation
- 13. Other areas the individual should be aware of as determined by the leader.
What are the 4 stages of the Counseling Process?
- 1. identify the need for counseling
- 2. prepare for couseling
- 3. conduct counseling
- 4. follow-up
What are the steps required to prepare for counseling?
- 1. Select a suitable place
- 2. Schedule the time
- 3. Notify the subordinate well in advance
- 4. Organize information
- 5. Outline the counseling session components
- 6. Plan your counseling strategy
- 7. Establish the right atmosphere
A counseling session consists of what 4 basic components?
- 1. Opening the session
- 2. Discussing the issues
- 3. Developing the plan of action
- 4. Recording and closing the session.
What is counseling?
Counseling is the process used by leaders to review with a subordinate the subordinate's demonstrated performance and potential.
What are some counseling techniques leaders may explore during the nondirective or combined counseling approaches?
- 1. Suggesting Alternatives
- 2. Recommending
- 3. Persuading
- 4. Advising
How many human needs are there?
4 (physical,social, security and higher (religious))
what is tact?
a keen sense of what to do or say in order to maintain good relations with others and to avoid offense
what is the objective of counseling?
for one person to help another
what is communication?
communication is the flow or exchange of information and ideas from one person to another
faulty communications causes most problems. true or false?
leaders should seek to develop and improve what three leader counseling skills?
- 1. active listening
- 2. responding
- 3. questioning
to insure that they understand the message sent to them, the receiver should send what back to the transmitter?
what are the qualities of an effective counselor?
- 1. respect for subordinates
- 2. self-awareness
- 3. cultural awareness
- 4. empathy
- 5. credibility
in communications, your exchange of information has three important parts. what are they?
- 1. message
- 2. content
- 3. context
name some good conditions that make for good discipline?
- 1. high performance standards
- 2. loyalty to superiors and subordinates
- 3. competitive activities
- 4. tough training
- 5. open channel of communications
what course of action should a supervisor take when a subordinate has been performing below his/her usual standards?
- 1. counsel about substandard performance
- 2. attempt to define the problem with the soldier
- 3. afford opportunity and time to solve the problem
- 4. make a written statement of counseling
what are the stresses that influence behavior?
- 1. fear
- 2. hunger
- 3. illness
- 4. anxiety
- 5. fatigue
by neglecting the welfare of your soldiers, you will probably do what?
lose their respect and loyal cooperation
what form is used for counseling?
DA Form 4856-E
When is the directive approach in counseling most likely to be used?
when time is short, when the LEADER knows what to do, when the counseled soldier has limited problem-solving abilities
is it a requirement that a leader counsel his/her subordinates?
yes. a leader who neglects to counsel his subordinates is negligent in his performance of duty.
is performance counseling limited to bad performance?
no. counseling may also be for good performance.
when you take the APFT, what is the minimum number of points you must score in each event?
what FM covers physical fitness training?
what are the three phases of physical conditioning?
- 1. preparatory
- 2. conditioning
- 3. maintenance
about how long is the preparatory phase?
about how long is the conditioning phase?
the conditioning phase ends when a soldier is physically mission-capable and all personal, strength-related goals and unit-fitness goals have been met
what is a MFT?
Master Fitness Trainer. A master Fitness Trainer (MFT) is a soldier who has completed either the four-week active-component, two week reserve-component, or U.S. Military Academy's MFT course work. Although called "masters", MFTs are simply soldiers who know about all aspects of physical fitness training and how soldiers' bodies function. Most important, since MFTs are taught to design individual and unit programs, they should be used by commanders as special staff assistants for this purpose.
What does FITT stand for?
Frequency, Intensity, Time and Type (this acronym makes it easy to remember the key factors in the training program)
what is DA form 3349?
physical profile form
what is the objective of physical fitness training?
to enhance soldiers' abilities to meet the physical demands of war
what are the three periods of a normal daily exercise routine?
- 1. warm-up
- 2. conditioning
- 3. cool-down
what are the commands to get a unit from a normal line formation into an extended rectangular formation?
- 1. extend to the left, march
- 2. arms downward, move
- 3. left, face
- 4. extend to the left, march
- 5. arm downward, move
- 6. right, face
- 7. from front to rear, count off
- 8. even numbers to the left, uncover
what AR covers the Army Physical Fitness Program?
AR 350-1 Chapter 1 Section 24
Soldiers 55 years of age or older have the option of taking the 3 event APFT or what?
the alternate APFT. An alternate APFT is defined as push-ups, sit-ups and an alternate aerobic event (2.5-mile walk, 800 yard swim, or 6.2 mile bicycle ride)
what are the seven basic principles of exercise?
- 1. regularity
- 2. progression
- 3. overload
- 4. balance
- 5. specificity
- 6. variety
- 7. recovery
what are the three phases of fitness conditioning?
- 1. preparatory
- 2. conditioning
- 3. maintenance
what are the five components of physical fitness?
- 1. cardio respiratory endurance
- 2. muscular strength
- 3. muscular endurance
- 4. flexibility
- 5. body composition
how many scores should be supplied for the APFT?
a minimum of 1 per every 15 soldiers
what is the DA form 705?
physical readiness test scorecard
fitness tasks provide the framework for accomplishing all training requirements. the essential elements of fitness tasks can be cataloged into what four groups?
- 1. collective tasks
- 2. individual tasks
- 3. leader tasks
- 4. resources required for training
name the two physical fitness formations?
- 1. extended rectangular
- 2. circular
What is the F concerning the M4 Rifle?
What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?
make sure you clear it
name the five phases in basic rifle marksmanship
- 1. preliminary rifle instruction
- 2. downrange feedback
- 3. field fire
- 4. advanced rifle marksmanship
- 5. advance optics, laser and iron sights
what is the purpose of a weaponeer?
the weaponeer is capable of simulating all of the BRM live fire scenarios without firing rounds. Immediate feedback is available for critiquing the soldier's application of the integrated act offering while using the weaponeer device to include misfire procedures.
what are four fundamentals of marksmanship?
- 1. steady position
- 2. proper aim (sight picture)
- 3. breathing
- 4. trigger squeeze
during preliminary marksmanship training (PMI) what are the only two positions taught?
- 1. individual foxhole supported
- 2. basic prone unsupported
what are the two basis elements of the sight picture?
- 1. slight alignment
- 2. placing of the aiming point
what does the acronym SPORTS stand for?
Slap, pull, observe, release, tap and shoot
what is remedial action?
remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage ormal function and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified.
describe the proper procedure for applying immediate action with the m4.
- 1. slaps gently upward on the magazine to ensure it is fully seated, and the magazine follower is not jammed
- 2. pulls the charging handle fully to the rear
- 3. observes for the ejection of a live round or expended cartridge. (if the weapon fails to eject a cartridge, perform remedial action)
- 4. releases the charging handle (do not ride it forward)
- 5. taps the forward assist assembly to ensure bolt closure
- 6. squeezes the trigger and tries to fire the rifle
what are the steps required in order to mechanically zero the m4?
- 1. adjust the front sight post (1) up or down until the base of the front sight post is flush with the front sight post housing (2).
- 2. adjust the elevation knob (3) counterclockwise, when viewed from above, until the rear sigh assembly (4) rests flush with the detachable carrying handle and the 6/3 marking is aligned with the index line (5) on the left side of the carrying handle
- 3. position the apertures (6) so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. rotate the windage knob (7) to align the index mark (8) on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly
is SPORTS an immediate or remedial action?
what is immediate action?
immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause.
how many times should immediate action be applied to a weapon?
once (if rifle still fails to fire, apply remedial action)
what is a malfunction?
the weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine or ammo.
name the different categories of malfunction for the M4 Rifle
- 1. failure to feed, chamber or lock
- 2. failure to fire cartridge
- 3. failure to extract
- 4. failure to eject
what is stoppage?
a stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation
how do you clear a stoppage?
apply immediate or remedial action
what is the definition of maximum effective range?
the greatest distance at which a solider may be expected to deliver a target hit
what does CLP stand for?
- 1. cleaner - it contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon
- 2. lubricant - it lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication
- 3. preservative - it prevents rust from forming
describe the m4 rifle
a 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon
what are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the m4 rifle?
- 1. m193- ball
- 2. m196- trance
- 3. m199 - dummy
- 4. m200 - blank (violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp)
- 5. m855 - ball (green tip)
- 6. m856 - tracer (red tip)
- 7. m862- short range training ammunition (plastic with a blue tip)
describe the weights of the m4 rifle without magazine and sling and loaded 20 round magazine and with sling and loaded 30 round magazine.
- 1. without magazine and sling - 6.49 lbs
- 2. with sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 7.19 lbs
- 3. with sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 7.50 lbs
describe the max effective rates of fire for the m4 rifle.
- 1. semiautomatic - 45 rounds per minute
- 2. burst - 90 rounds per minute
- 3. sustained - 12-15 rounds per minute
what is the muzzle velocity of the m4 rifle?
2,970 feet per second
describe the ranges for the m4 rifle?
- 1. maximum range - 3600 meters
- 2. max effective range for a point target - 500 meters
- 3. max effective range for an area target - 600 meters
describe the barrel rifling for the m4 rifle
right hand twist 1/7
what is the basic load of ammunition for the m4?
210 rounds total (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)
the elevation knob adjusts the point of aim for the m4 rifle how much?
300 to 600 meters
what is the overall length of the m4 rifle?
- 1. buttstock closed - 29.75 inches
- 2. buttstock open - 33.00 inches
what are the four positions for the buttstock of the m4 rifle?
- 1. closed
- 2. 1/2 open
- 3. 3/4 open
- 4. full open
what are the 8 steps in the functioning of the m4 rifle?
- 1. feeding
- 2. chambering
- 3. locking
- 4. firing
- 5. unlocking
- 6. extracting
- 7. ejecting
- 8. cocking
what part of the m4 rail adapter system may be removed to perform PMCS?
only the lower assembly
describe the procedures for clearing the m4 rifle.
- 1. Point the muzzle in a designated SAFE DIRECTION. Attempt to place
- selector lever on SAFE. If weapon is not cocked, lever cannot be placed
- on SAFE.
- 2. Remove the magazine by depressing the magazine catch button and pulling the magazine down.
- 3. To lock bolt open,pull charging handle rearward. Press bottom of
- bolt catch and allow bolt to move forward until it engages bolt catch.
- Return charging handle to fullforward position. If you have not done so
- before, place the selector lever on SAFE.
- 4. Visually (not physically) inspect the receiver and chamber to ensure these areas contain no ammo.
- 5. With the select orlever pointing toward SAFE, allow the bolt to go forward by pressing the upper portion of the bolt catch.
- 6. Place the select orlever on SEMI and squeeze the trigger.
- 7. Pull the charging handle fully rearward and release it, allowing the bolt to return to the full forward position.
- 8. Place the select orlever on SAFE.
- 9. Close the ejection port cover.
How do you perform a functions check on the M4 Rifle?
- 1. Place the selector lever on safe. If the
- selector switch will not go on safe, pull the charging handle to the rear and release.
- Place the selector lever on safe. Pull the trigger to the rear, the hammer should not fall.
- 2. Place the selector lever on semi. Pull
- the trigger to the rear and hold. The hammer should fall. While holding the trigger to the rear, pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Release the trigger and pull it to the rear again. The hammer should fall.
- 3. Place the selector lever on burst. Pull
- the charging handle to the rear and release. Pull the trigger to the rear and hold. The hammer should fall. While holding the trigger to the rear, pull the charging handle to the rear three times and release. Release
- the trigger and pull it to the rear again. The hammer should fall.
What is the weight of the M9 pistol with an empty magazine?
Describe the M9 pistol.
The M9 pistol is a 9-mm, semiautomatic, magazine fed, recoil-operation, double-action weapon chambered for the 9-mm cartridge.
Describe the magazine for the M9.
A standard staggered box magazine designed to hold 15 rounds
What is the weight of the M9 pistol with a 15 round magazine?
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M9?
How many rounds can a magazine designed for the M9 hold?
What are the two types of ammunition used by the M9?
- 1. Cartridge, 9-mm ball, M882 with/without cannelure)
- 2. Cartridge, 9-mm dummy, M917.
What Field Manual covers the M9?
What are the proper clearing procedures for the M9?
- 1. Place the decocking/safety lever in the SAFE down position
- 2. Hold the pistol in the raised pistol position
- 3. Depress the magazine release button and remove the magazine from the pistol
- 4. Pull the slide to the rear and remove any chambered round
- 5. Push the slide stop up, locking the slide to the rear
- 6. Look into the chamber to ensure that it is empty.
What are the steps required to perform a function check for the M9?
- 1. Clear the pistol in accordance with the unloading procedures
- 2. Depress the slide stop, letting the slide go forward
- 3. Insert an empty magazine into the pistol
- 4. Retract the slide fully and release it. The slide should lock to the rear
- 5. Depress the magazine release button and remove the magazine
- 6. Ensure the decocking/safety lever is in the SAFE position
- 7. Depress the slide stop. When the slide goes forward, the hammer should fall to the forward position
- 8. Squeeze and release the trigger. The firing pin block should move up and down and the hammer should not move
- 9. Place the decocking/safety lever in the fire POSITION
- 10. Squeeze the trigger to check double action. The hammer should cock and fall
- 11. Squeeze the trigger again. Hold it to the rear. Manually retract and release the slide. Release the trigger. A click should be heard and the hammer should not fall
- 12. Squeeze the trigger to check the single action. The hammer should fall.
What are the steps to the cycle of operation of the M9?
- 1. Feeding
- 2. Chambering
- 3. Locking
- 4. Firing
- 5. Unlocking
- 6. Extracting
- 7. Ejecting
- 8. Cocking
How do you perform immediate action for the M9?
- 1. Ensure the decocking/safety lever is in the FIRE position
- 2. Squeeze the trigger again.
- 3. If the pistol does not fire, ensure that the magazine is fully seated, retract the slide to the rear, and release.
- 4. Squeeze the trigger.
- 5. If the pistol again does not fire, remove the magazine and retract the slide to eject the chambered cartridge. Insert a new magazine, retract the slide, and release to chamber another cartridge.
- 6.Squeeze the trigger.
- 7. If the pistol still does not fire, perform remedial action.
How do you perform remedial action for the M9?
- 1. Clear the pistol
- 2. Inspect the pistol for the cause of the
- 3. Correct the cause of the stoppage, load the pistol, and fire.
- 4. If the pistol again fails to fire, disassemble it for closer inspection, cleaning, and lubrication.
What are the major components of the M9?
- 1 Slide and Barrel assembly
- 2 Recoil spring and Recoil Spring guide
- 3 Barrel and Locking Block Assembly
- 4 Receiver
- 5 Magazine
What is the maximum range of the M9?
What is the maximum effective range of the M9?
What are the three safety features found on the M9?
- 1. Decocking
- 2. Safety Lever
- 3. Firing Pin Block
What is the first object of first aid?
- 1. to stop bleeding
- 2. overcome shock
- 3. relieve pain
- 4. prevent infection
what FM covers first aid for soldiers?
How high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding?
2 to 4 inches
what are the lifesaving steps? (The ABC's of medical treatment)
- 1. open the airway and restore beathing
- 2. stop the bleeding/protect the wound
- 3. prevent shock
what are the 8 steps in evaluating a casualty?
- 1. responsiveness
- 2. breathing
- 3. pulse
- 4. bleeding
- 5. shock
- 6. fractures
- 7. burns
- 8. possible concussions (head injuries)